Changes in T-DNA methylation and expression are associated with phenotypic variation and plant regeneration in a crown gall tumor line View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1984-11

AUTHORS

Richard M. Amasino, Ann L. T. Powell, Milton P. Gordon

ABSTRACT

Phenotypic variation of an octopine-type crown gall tumor line resulting from changes in the pattern of T-DNA methylation and expression is described. Variants that grow as unorganized callus always express T-DNA transcripts 1 and 2. In shoot-forming variants (teratomas) only T-DNA transcript 4 is expressed. This line also regenerates normal-appearing, rooted plants in which all T-DNA expression is suppressed. Tissues from these plants require phytohormones for growth in vitro. These plants are selffertile and transmit T-DNA through meiosis, and T-DNA suppression is maintained in the next generation. After treatment of regenerated plant tissue with 5-azacytidine, an inhibitor of DNA methylation, T-DNA transcription and phytohormone-independent tumorous growth resume. The T-DNA of cell lines in which T-DNA is not expressed is highly methylated, whereas the level of T-DNA methylation is reduced in 5-azacytidine treated cells that resume T-DNA expression and phytohormone-independent growth. The correlation between the degree of T-DNA methylation and the level of T-DNA expression indicates that hypermethylation is responsible for the suppression of T-DNA transcription. More... »

PAGES

437-446

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00329940

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00329940

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037063138

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6084805


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