Two-feldspar geothermometry: a review and revision for slowly cooled rocks View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1993-09

AUTHORS

Herbert Kroll, Christos Evangelakakis, Gerhard Voll

ABSTRACT

Recent improvements in the experimental and thermodynamic basis of two-feldspar geothermometry allow one to recover temperatures of coexistence more reliably. Some problems, however, persist: (1) the experimental solvi by Seck (1971a) and Elkins and Grove (1990) differ from each other; (2) it is not known to what extent Na−K−Ca exchange equilibrium is approached; (3) both solvi are probably metastable with regard to Al, Si order; (4) it is difficult to judge how closely high-temperature natural feldspars compare to this situation; (5) the thermodynamic treatment neglects phase transformations; (6) the temperature dependence of the Margules parameters used to model non-ideal mixing behaviour may not be linear; (7) it is not clear which expressions should be used to describe ideal activities. With these caveats in mind we treat the problem of retrograde resetting in high-grade metamorphic rocks that were slowly cooled under essentially dry conditions. Coexisting feldspars from such rocks commonly do not plot on a common isotherm. Thus temperatures derived from such pairs using any of the proposed two-feldspar geothermometers will necessarily be in error. We suggest that the non-equilibrium compositions result from retrograde intercrystalline K−Na exchange. This exchange continues after the plagioclase and alkali feldspar have already become essentially closed systems with respect to Al−Si exchange, which is a prerequisite for (Na,K)−Ca exchange. We use a modified version of the Fuhrman and Lindsley (1988) programme to reverse the K−Na exchange and derive concordant temperatures. More... »

PAGES

510-518

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1982. Thermodynamic Procedures for Treating the Monoclinic/Triclinic Inversion as a High-Order Phase Transition in Equations of State for Binary Analbite-Sanidine Feldspars in ADVANCES IN PHYSICAL GEOCHEMISTRY
  • 1981-07. Towards a more practical two-feldspar geothermometer in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1977-01. Feldspar and oxide thermometry of granulites in the Adirondack Highlands in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1983. Geospeedometry: An Extension of Geothermometry in KINETICS AND EQUILIBRIUM IN MINERAL REACTIONS
  • 1985-04. Ternary feldspar thermometry in granulites from the Oaxacan Complex, Mexico in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1987-03. Al/Si interdiffusion in albite: effect of pressure and the role of hydrogen in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1979-02. Ternary feldspars: Kinetics and possible equilibria at 800° C in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1984-09. Activity/composition relations in the ternary feldspars in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1980-01. X-ray and electron-optical investigation of synthetic high-temperature plagioclases in PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF MINERALS
  • 1973-09. Closure temperature in cooling geochronological and petrological systems in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1971-03. Der Einfluß des Drucks auf die Zusammensetzung koexistierender Alkalifeldspäte und Plagioklase im System NaAlSi3O8-KAlSi3O8-CaAl2Si2O8-H2O in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1991. Some Experimental Constraints on the Role of Hydrogen in Oxygen and Hydrogen Diffusion and Al-Si Interdiffusion in Silicates in DIFFUSION, ATOMIC ORDERING, AND MASS TRANSPORT
  • 1980-05. The effect of water, pressure, and strain on Al/Si order-disorder kinetics in feldspar in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1993-09. Low-temperature coherent exsolution in alkali feldspars from high-grade metamorphic rocks of Sri Lanka in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1986-01. Interdiffusion of NaSi—CaAl in peristerite in PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF MINERALS
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