White-crowned sparrows (Zonotrichia leucophrys): foraging preferences in a risky environment View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1983-03

AUTHORS

Thomas Caraco

ABSTRACT

White-crowned sparrows were presented with a series of two-choice experiments. Mean rewards were the same in each experiment, but the standard deviations differed. When fed at a rate faster than that minimally required to meet daily costs, the birds most often preferred the reward with the lower standard deviation. However, when the same birds could expect an energy deficiency, they most often preferred the greater standard deviation. For each sparrow and each mean reward level, I attempted to construct a preference ranking based on experimental pairwise comparisons of all elements of a set of reward probability distributions. The birds usually mostpreferred the minimal or maximal standard deviation, depending on whether they avoided or favored reward variability. However, in a few cases either an intermediate standard deviation was most-preferred, or a bird exhibited inconsistency in its preferences. More... »

PAGES

63-69

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1978-09. Test of optimal sampling by foraging great tits in NATURE
  • 1982-07. Optimal foraging: Some simple stochastic models in BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY AND SOCIOBIOLOGY
  • 1981-06. Energy budgets, risk and foraging preferences in dark-eyed juncos (Junco hyemalis) in BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY AND SOCIOBIOLOGY
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology

    ISSUE

    1

    VOLUME

    12

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00296934

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00296934

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023419766


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