Optomotorische Reaktionen der Fliege Musca Domestica View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1963-09

AUTHORS

Giulio Von Fermi, Werner Richardt

ABSTRACT

The torque exerted by the housefly Musca domestica during fixed flight was used as a measure of the optomotor reaction of the insect elicited by the rotation of cylindrical patterns with periodic distributions of surface brightness. Measurements were made of the dependence of the reaction on the wave length, speed of rotation, contrast, and mean brightness of the stimulus patterns. The effect on the reaction of modulation of the light illuminating the stimulus pattern was examined. Further experiments indicated that stimulation of only one of the two complex eyes is sufficient to elicit an optomotor reaction, and that there is overlap between the visual fields of neighboring photoreceptor units in the complex eye. Estimates of the rates of absorption of light quanta by individual ommatidia in the complex eye indicated that these rates are low enough that the Poisson statistics of the light quanta results in a significant level of noise in the light signals received by the photoreceptors, when the brightness of the stimulus pattern is low but still sufficient to elicit a measurable reaction. The contrast that is required of a rotating stimulus pattern in order to elicit a just-measurable reaction was found to depend upon the mean brightness of the pattern in a manner that is consistent with the hypothesis that the noise due to the statistics of the light quanta absorbed by the photoreceptors in the complex eye is a principle cause of the breakdown of the optomotor reaction at low values of the contrast and mean brightness of the stimulus pattern. More... »

PAGES

15-28

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1934-01. Untersuchungen über das Bewegungssehen bei Libellenlarven, Fliegen und Fischen in JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY A
  • 1961-11. Untersuchung des Bewegungssehens fixiert fliegender Bienen in JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY A
  • 1948-06. Die Reizschwelle der Sinnesorgane als physikalisches Problem in CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR LIFE SCIENCES
  • 1951-07. Ommatidienraster und afferente Bewegungsintegration in JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY A
  • 1961-07. Über das optische Auflösungsvermögen der Facettenaugen von Limulus in BIOLOGICAL CYBERNETICS
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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00292106

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00292106

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012884757

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14084835


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