Optomotorische Reaktionen der Fliege Musca Domestica View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1963-09

AUTHORS

Giulio Von Fermi, Werner Richardt

ABSTRACT

The torque exerted by the housefly Musca domestica during fixed flight was used as a measure of the optomotor reaction of the insect elicited by the rotation of cylindrical patterns with periodic distributions of surface brightness. Measurements were made of the dependence of the reaction on the wave length, speed of rotation, contrast, and mean brightness of the stimulus patterns. The effect on the reaction of modulation of the light illuminating the stimulus pattern was examined. Further experiments indicated that stimulation of only one of the two complex eyes is sufficient to elicit an optomotor reaction, and that there is overlap between the visual fields of neighboring photoreceptor units in the complex eye. Estimates of the rates of absorption of light quanta by individual ommatidia in the complex eye indicated that these rates are low enough that the Poisson statistics of the light quanta results in a significant level of noise in the light signals received by the photoreceptors, when the brightness of the stimulus pattern is low but still sufficient to elicit a measurable reaction. The contrast that is required of a rotating stimulus pattern in order to elicit a just-measurable reaction was found to depend upon the mean brightness of the pattern in a manner that is consistent with the hypothesis that the noise due to the statistics of the light quanta absorbed by the photoreceptors in the complex eye is a principle cause of the breakdown of the optomotor reaction at low values of the contrast and mean brightness of the stimulus pattern. More... »

PAGES

15-28

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1934-01. Untersuchungen über das Bewegungssehen bei Libellenlarven, Fliegen und Fischen in JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY A
  • 1961-11. Untersuchung des Bewegungssehens fixiert fliegender Bienen in JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY A
  • 1948-06. Die Reizschwelle der Sinnesorgane als physikalisches Problem in CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR LIFE SCIENCES
  • 1951-07. Ommatidienraster und afferente Bewegungsintegration in JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY A
  • 1961-07. Über das optische Auflösungsvermögen der Facettenaugen von Limulus in BIOLOGICAL CYBERNETICS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00292106

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00292106

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012884757

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14084835


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1109", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Neurosciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Animals", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Biological Phenomena", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Houseflies", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Light", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Research", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Sensory Receptor Cells", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Vision, Ocular", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Visual Perception", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Aus dem Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Biologie in T\u00fcbingen (Abteilung Reichardt), Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419580.1", 
              "name": [
                "Aus dem Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Biologie in T\u00fcbingen (Abteilung Reichardt), Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Von Fermi", 
            "givenName": "Giulio", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Aus dem Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Biologie in T\u00fcbingen (Abteilung Reichardt), Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419580.1", 
              "name": [
                "Aus dem Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Biologie in T\u00fcbingen (Abteilung Reichardt), Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Richardt", 
            "givenName": "Werner", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02155365", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028791142", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02155365"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00361440", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000226789", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00361440"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00288816", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036777052", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00288816"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00339334", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024302770", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00339334"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00341335", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018741616", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00341335"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "1963-09", 
        "datePublishedReg": "1963-09-01", 
        "description": "The torque exerted by the housefly Musca domestica during fixed flight was used as a measure of the optomotor reaction of the insect elicited by the rotation of cylindrical patterns with periodic distributions of surface brightness. Measurements were made of the dependence of the reaction on the wave length, speed of rotation, contrast, and mean brightness of the stimulus patterns. The effect on the reaction of modulation of the light illuminating the stimulus pattern was examined. Further experiments indicated that stimulation of only one of the two complex eyes is sufficient to elicit an optomotor reaction, and that there is overlap between the visual fields of neighboring photoreceptor units in the complex eye. Estimates of the rates of absorption of light quanta by individual ommatidia in the complex eye indicated that these rates are low enough that the Poisson statistics of the light quanta results in a significant level of noise in the light signals received by the photoreceptors, when the brightness of the stimulus pattern is low but still sufficient to elicit a measurable reaction. The contrast that is required of a rotating stimulus pattern in order to elicit a just-measurable reaction was found to depend upon the mean brightness of the pattern in a manner that is consistent with the hypothesis that the noise due to the statistics of the light quanta absorbed by the photoreceptors in the complex eye is a principle cause of the breakdown of the optomotor reaction at low values of the contrast and mean brightness of the stimulus pattern.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00292106", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1081786", 
            "issn": [
              "0023-5946"
            ], 
            "name": "Kybernetik", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "2"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "stimulus patterns", 
          "complex eyes", 
          "rate of absorption", 
          "visual field", 
          "eyes", 
          "principle cause", 
          "optomotor reaction", 
          "significant levels", 
          "photoreceptors", 
          "individual ommatidia", 
          "Musca domestica", 
          "housefly Musca domestica", 
          "stimulation", 
          "Further experiments", 
          "contrast", 
          "cause", 
          "rate", 
          "patterns", 
          "ommatidia", 
          "modulation", 
          "levels", 
          "photoreceptor units", 
          "measurable reaction", 
          "domestica", 
          "measures", 
          "effect", 
          "hypothesis", 
          "manner", 
          "reaction", 
          "statistics", 
          "lower values", 
          "units", 
          "overlap", 
          "length", 
          "breakdown", 
          "values", 
          "rotation", 
          "cylindrical pattern", 
          "absorption", 
          "measurements", 
          "estimates", 
          "light", 
          "signals", 
          "distribution", 
          "light signals", 
          "order", 
          "experiments", 
          "torque", 
          "insects", 
          "flight", 
          "Poisson statistics", 
          "speed", 
          "mean brightness", 
          "field", 
          "dependence", 
          "noise", 
          "brightness", 
          "wave length", 
          "speed of rotation", 
          "light quanta", 
          "periodic distribution", 
          "quantum", 
          "surface brightness"
        ], 
        "name": "Optomotorische Reaktionen der Fliege Musca Domestica", 
        "pagination": "15-28", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1012884757"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/bf00292106"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "14084835"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00292106", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012884757"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-10-01T06:26", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221001/entities/gbq_results/article/article_104.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00292106"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00292106'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00292106'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00292106'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00292106'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    180 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      102 URIs      89 LITERALS      15 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00292106 schema:about N1b7a82d24b6345afb34c40575a851b81
    2 N3db3017ff0f346d5a9d89d1c2a785f5d
    3 N45b81aaca6ca4333b07e383a3c546c7b
    4 N68474951532a4e0d8296120881a08d18
    5 Na19c9ddb5df34364ade35778dbd6475c
    6 Nb07bb340c8d84ba8b9b7fb4bae2bf5b1
    7 Nea038d3df72d47d19611b059a1dc76d3
    8 Nf513eba83c8f40ce9b3c57623193d2e6
    9 anzsrc-for:11
    10 anzsrc-for:1109
    11 schema:author N8aef462f78d146f7b90e21f23704d619
    12 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00288816
    13 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00339334
    14 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00341335
    15 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00361440
    16 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02155365
    17 schema:datePublished 1963-09
    18 schema:datePublishedReg 1963-09-01
    19 schema:description The torque exerted by the housefly Musca domestica during fixed flight was used as a measure of the optomotor reaction of the insect elicited by the rotation of cylindrical patterns with periodic distributions of surface brightness. Measurements were made of the dependence of the reaction on the wave length, speed of rotation, contrast, and mean brightness of the stimulus patterns. The effect on the reaction of modulation of the light illuminating the stimulus pattern was examined. Further experiments indicated that stimulation of only one of the two complex eyes is sufficient to elicit an optomotor reaction, and that there is overlap between the visual fields of neighboring photoreceptor units in the complex eye. Estimates of the rates of absorption of light quanta by individual ommatidia in the complex eye indicated that these rates are low enough that the Poisson statistics of the light quanta results in a significant level of noise in the light signals received by the photoreceptors, when the brightness of the stimulus pattern is low but still sufficient to elicit a measurable reaction. The contrast that is required of a rotating stimulus pattern in order to elicit a just-measurable reaction was found to depend upon the mean brightness of the pattern in a manner that is consistent with the hypothesis that the noise due to the statistics of the light quanta absorbed by the photoreceptors in the complex eye is a principle cause of the breakdown of the optomotor reaction at low values of the contrast and mean brightness of the stimulus pattern.
    20 schema:genre article
    21 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    22 schema:isPartOf N1a3bda2d70e24688b7bbc1e5ad88c1d1
    23 N2533f6f180ea4db3b8d56d996d74592a
    24 sg:journal.1081786
    25 schema:keywords Further experiments
    26 Musca domestica
    27 Poisson statistics
    28 absorption
    29 breakdown
    30 brightness
    31 cause
    32 complex eyes
    33 contrast
    34 cylindrical pattern
    35 dependence
    36 distribution
    37 domestica
    38 effect
    39 estimates
    40 experiments
    41 eyes
    42 field
    43 flight
    44 housefly Musca domestica
    45 hypothesis
    46 individual ommatidia
    47 insects
    48 length
    49 levels
    50 light
    51 light quanta
    52 light signals
    53 lower values
    54 manner
    55 mean brightness
    56 measurable reaction
    57 measurements
    58 measures
    59 modulation
    60 noise
    61 ommatidia
    62 optomotor reaction
    63 order
    64 overlap
    65 patterns
    66 periodic distribution
    67 photoreceptor units
    68 photoreceptors
    69 principle cause
    70 quantum
    71 rate
    72 rate of absorption
    73 reaction
    74 rotation
    75 signals
    76 significant levels
    77 speed
    78 speed of rotation
    79 statistics
    80 stimulation
    81 stimulus patterns
    82 surface brightness
    83 torque
    84 units
    85 values
    86 visual field
    87 wave length
    88 schema:name Optomotorische Reaktionen der Fliege Musca Domestica
    89 schema:pagination 15-28
    90 schema:productId N0233cf6c25334d0a934bf8a1dabfe73e
    91 Necf29a8fda68436a89fc440766eec72b
    92 Nfbf98ab5c9634b189e9cba21a2dd3af7
    93 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012884757
    94 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00292106
    95 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-10-01T06:26
    96 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    97 schema:sdPublisher Nd59b199583da4b46b270d1828c0ecf3b
    98 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00292106
    99 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    100 sgo:sdDataset articles
    101 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    102 N0233cf6c25334d0a934bf8a1dabfe73e schema:name doi
    103 schema:value 10.1007/bf00292106
    104 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    105 N1a3bda2d70e24688b7bbc1e5ad88c1d1 schema:volumeNumber 2
    106 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    107 N1b7a82d24b6345afb34c40575a851b81 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    108 schema:name Research
    109 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    110 N2533f6f180ea4db3b8d56d996d74592a schema:issueNumber 1
    111 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    112 N3db3017ff0f346d5a9d89d1c2a785f5d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    113 schema:name Biological Phenomena
    114 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    115 N45b81aaca6ca4333b07e383a3c546c7b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    116 schema:name Vision, Ocular
    117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    118 N4bed8bd587ea49fc8910e10fd1fdcc33 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.419580.1
    119 schema:familyName Von Fermi
    120 schema:givenName Giulio
    121 rdf:type schema:Person
    122 N68474951532a4e0d8296120881a08d18 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    123 schema:name Houseflies
    124 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    125 N86a80dbaf031407fa60f88ebfa1b9d6e schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.419580.1
    126 schema:familyName Richardt
    127 schema:givenName Werner
    128 rdf:type schema:Person
    129 N8aef462f78d146f7b90e21f23704d619 rdf:first N4bed8bd587ea49fc8910e10fd1fdcc33
    130 rdf:rest Neea67ebcdee94cfe9ae93a56893d0f96
    131 Na19c9ddb5df34364ade35778dbd6475c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    132 schema:name Light
    133 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    134 Nb07bb340c8d84ba8b9b7fb4bae2bf5b1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    135 schema:name Visual Perception
    136 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    137 Nd59b199583da4b46b270d1828c0ecf3b schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    138 rdf:type schema:Organization
    139 Nea038d3df72d47d19611b059a1dc76d3 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    140 schema:name Sensory Receptor Cells
    141 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    142 Necf29a8fda68436a89fc440766eec72b schema:name dimensions_id
    143 schema:value pub.1012884757
    144 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    145 Neea67ebcdee94cfe9ae93a56893d0f96 rdf:first N86a80dbaf031407fa60f88ebfa1b9d6e
    146 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    147 Nf513eba83c8f40ce9b3c57623193d2e6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    148 schema:name Animals
    149 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    150 Nfbf98ab5c9634b189e9cba21a2dd3af7 schema:name pubmed_id
    151 schema:value 14084835
    152 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    153 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    154 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
    155 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    156 anzsrc-for:1109 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    157 schema:name Neurosciences
    158 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    159 sg:journal.1081786 schema:issn 0023-5946
    160 schema:name Kybernetik
    161 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    162 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    163 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00288816 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036777052
    164 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00288816
    165 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    166 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00339334 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024302770
    167 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00339334
    168 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    169 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00341335 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018741616
    170 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00341335
    171 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    172 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00361440 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000226789
    173 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00361440
    174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    175 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02155365 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028791142
    176 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02155365
    177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    178 grid-institutes:grid.419580.1 schema:alternateName Aus dem Max-Planck-Institut für Biologie in Tübingen (Abteilung Reichardt), Germany
    179 schema:name Aus dem Max-Planck-Institut für Biologie in Tübingen (Abteilung Reichardt), Germany
    180 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...