Mercury antagonists: Effects of sodium chloride and sulfur group (VIa) compounds on excystment of the brine shrimp artemia View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1980-01

AUTHORS

Joan Okasako, S. Siegel

ABSTRACT

Brine shrimp excystment, although highly resistant, is severely inhibited by mmolar mercuric chloride. The presence of 100 mmolar NaCl largely prevents the toxic response. The chloride effect can be explained if the toxic Hg species, neutral HgCl2, is converted into HgClinf3sup2−and HgClinf4sup2−since charged species not likely to penetrate cyst walls. Other Hg antagonists include SOin3su2−, SeOinf3sup2−, TeOinf3sup2−and TeOinf4sup2−, but not SOinf4sup2−and SeOinf4sup2−. The activity of both Te species can be explained by ready reduction of Te(VI) to Te(IV). Significant anti-mercurial effects were seen in mmolar thiols, ethionine and organoselenium compounds. Thiamine and methionine were both active Hg antagonists at 10 to 30 mmolar levels. The activities of S, Se and Cl− compounds show that both geochemical and physiological modes of defense against and adaptation to high Hg levels exist. More... »

PAGES

235-240

Journal

TITLE

Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

14

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00291838

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00291838

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001015635


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