Endosperm responses to irradiated pollen in apples View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1987-08

AUTHORS

M. F. Nicoll, G. P. Chapman, D. J. James

ABSTRACT

The cytological effects of pollen γ-irradiation at 50 and 100 krad on both embryo and endosperm development were studied in Malus × domestica. Fruit and seed set were reduced by increasing doses of pollen irradiation, while embryo sacs resulting from the treatments differed in number and morphology of endosperm nuclei and in the presence or absence of an embryo. Nuclear abnormalities, distinguished from normal nuclear behaviour in embryo sacs derived from unirradiated pollen, included enhanced numbers of polyploid restitution nuclei, bridges between nuclei, excluded metaphase chromosome fragments and disrupted mitotic synchrony. Generally, a high dose of pollen irradiation (100 krad) generated an all-or-nothing response in the embryo sac, either creating highly abnormal embryos and/or endosperms which aborted, or showing relatively normal development. Callus produced from excised cellular endosperm differed in average genome size, that derived from 100 krad pollen being smaller than that from unirradiated pollen. More... »

PAGES

508-515

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00289830

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00289830

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022311881

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24241809


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