Segregation analysis and RFLP mapping of the R1 and R3 alleles conferring race-specific resistance to Phytophthora infestans in progeny of ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1994-03

AUTHORS

A. El-Kharbotly, C. Leonards-Schippers, D. J. Huigen, E. Jacobsen, A. Pereira, W. J. Stiekema, F. Salamini, C. Gebhardt

ABSTRACT

Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary is the most important fungal pathogen of the potato (Solanum tuberosum). The introduction of major genes for resistance from the wild species S. demissum into potato cultivars is the earliest example of breeding for resistance using wild germplasm in this crop. Eleven resistance alleles (R genes) are known, differing in the recognition of corresponding avirulence alleles of the fungus. The number of R loci, their positions on the genetic map and the allelic relationships between different R variants are not known, except that the R1 locus has been mapped to potato chromosome V The objective of this work was the further genetic analysis of different R alleles in potato. Tetraploid potato cultivars carrying R alleles were reduced to the diploid level by inducing haploid parthenogenetic development of 2n female gametes. Of the 157 isolated primary dihaploids, 7 set seeds and carried the resistance alleles R1, R3 and R10 either individually or in combinations. Independent segregation of the dominant R1 and R3 alleles was demonstrated in two F1 populations of crosses among a dihaploid clone carrying R1 plus R3 and susceptible pollinators. Distorted segregation in favour of susceptibility was found for the R3 allele in 15 of 18 F1 populations analysed, whereas the RI allele segregated with a 1:1 ratio as expected in five F1 populations. The mode of inheritance of the R10 allele could not be deduced as only very few F1 hybrids bearing R10 were obtained. Linkage analysis in two F1 populations between R1, R3 and RFLP markers of known position on the potato RFLP maps confirmed the position of the R1 locus on chromosome V and localized the second locus, R3, to a distal position on chromdsome XI. More... »

PAGES

749-754

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1975-09. Flowering behaviour and seed fertility in dihaploidSolanum tuberosum in POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1966-05. New R genes in Solanum demissum lindl. And their complementary races of Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) de bary in EUPHYTICA
  • 1981-06. The theoretical proportion of the donor genome in near-isogenic lines of self-fertilizers bred by backcrossing in EUPHYTICA
  • 1991-11. RFLP maps of potato and their alignment with the homoeologous tomato genome in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1989-02. Pulsed field gel electrophoresis and physical mapping of large DNA fragments in the Tm-2a region of chromosome 9 in tomato in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1992-01. Correlation of genetic and physical structure in the region surrounding the I2Fusarium oxysporum resistance locus in tomato in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1973-06. Selection from Solanum tuberosum group phureja of genotypes combining high-frequency haploid induction with homozygosity for embryo-spot in EUPHYTICA
  • 1981-09. Linkage relationships of ten powdery mildew resistance genes on barley chromosome 5 in HEREDITAS
  • 1992-05. TheR1 gene conferring race-specific resistance toPhytophthora infestans in potato is located on potato chromosome V in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1989-07. RFLP analysis and linkage mapping in Solanum tuberosum in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1994. RFLP map of the potato in DNA-BASED MARKERS IN PLANTS
  • 1980-04. Studies of genes controlling specific host-parasite interactions in flax and its rust in HEREDITY
  • 1989-11. Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of an amylose-free starch mutant of the potato in EUPHYTICA
  • 1954-10. Leaf testing as a method of genetical analysis of immunity from Phytophthora infestans in potatoes in EUPHYTICA
  • 1953-10. A proposal for an international nomenclature of races of Phytophthora infestans and of genes controlling immunity in Solanum demissum derivatives in EUPHYTICA
  • 1953-10. Experiments on the inheritance of blight immunity in potatoes derived from solanum demissum Lindl. in EUPHYTICA
  • 1989-04. Recombination among genes at the L group in flax conferring resistance to rust in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1976-06. Aspects of male fertility in group Tuberosum dihaploids in POTATO RESEARCH
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00283432

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00283432

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7908718


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    33 schema:description Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary is the most important fungal pathogen of the potato (Solanum tuberosum). The introduction of major genes for resistance from the wild species S. demissum into potato cultivars is the earliest example of breeding for resistance using wild germplasm in this crop. Eleven resistance alleles (R genes) are known, differing in the recognition of corresponding avirulence alleles of the fungus. The number of R loci, their positions on the genetic map and the allelic relationships between different R variants are not known, except that the R1 locus has been mapped to potato chromosome V The objective of this work was the further genetic analysis of different R alleles in potato. Tetraploid potato cultivars carrying R alleles were reduced to the diploid level by inducing haploid parthenogenetic development of 2n female gametes. Of the 157 isolated primary dihaploids, 7 set seeds and carried the resistance alleles R1, R3 and R10 either individually or in combinations. Independent segregation of the dominant R1 and R3 alleles was demonstrated in two F1 populations of crosses among a dihaploid clone carrying R1 plus R3 and susceptible pollinators. Distorted segregation in favour of susceptibility was found for the R3 allele in 15 of 18 F1 populations analysed, whereas the RI allele segregated with a 1:1 ratio as expected in five F1 populations. The mode of inheritance of the R10 allele could not be deduced as only very few F1 hybrids bearing R10 were obtained. Linkage analysis in two F1 populations between R1, R3 and RFLP markers of known position on the potato RFLP maps confirmed the position of the R1 locus on chromosome V and localized the second locus, R3, to a distal position on chromdsome XI.
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    41 F1 hybrids
    42 F1 population
    43 Phytophthora
    44 R1
    45 R1 locus
    46 R10
    47 R10 allele
    48 R3
    49 R3 allele
    50 RFLP map
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    53 RI allele
    54 S. demissum
    55 XI
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    58 allelic relationships
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    61 chromdsome XI
    62 chromosome V
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    68 de Bary
    69 demissum
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    77 early example
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    80 favour of susceptibility
    81 female gametes
    82 fungal pathogens
    83 fungi
    84 further genetic analysis
    85 gametes
    86 genes
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    88 genetic map
    89 germplasm
    90 haploid parthenogenetic development
    91 hybrids
    92 important fungal pathogen
    93 independent segregation
    94 inheritance
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    96 levels
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    104 number
    105 objective
    106 parents
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    110 population
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    114 potato chromosome V
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    117 primary dihaploids
    118 progeny
    119 race-specific resistance
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    121 recognition
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    126 second locus
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