Inoculation of field-grown wheat (Triticum aestivum) with Azospirillum spp. in Brazil View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1987-05

AUTHORS

V. L. D. Baldani, J. I. Baldani, J. Döbereiner

ABSTRACT

Three field experiments with wheat were conducted in 1983, 1984, and 1985 in Terra Roxa soil in Paraná, the major Brazilian wheat-growing region, to study inoculation effects of various strains of Azospirillum brasilense and A. amazonense. In all three experiments inoculation with A. brasilense Sp 245 isolated from surface-sterilized wheat roots in Paraná produced the highest plant dry weights and highest N% in plant tops and grain. Grain yield increases with this strain were up to 31 % but were not significant. The application of 60 or 100 kg N ha−1 to the controls increased N accumulation and produced yields less than inoculation with this strain. Another A. brasilense strain from surface-sterilized wheat roots (Sp 107st) also produced increased N assimilation at the lower N fertilizer level but reduced dry weights at the high N level, while strain Sp 7 + Cd reduced dry weights and N% in the straw at both N levels. The A. amazonense strain isolated from washed roots and a nitrate reductase negative mutant of strain Sp 245 were ineffective. Strains Sp 245 and Sp 107st showed the best establishment within roots while strain Cd established only in the soil. More... »

PAGES

37-40

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00280348

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00280348

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086030164


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