Genetic homology and crossing over in the X and Y chromosomes of mammals View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1982-09

AUTHORS

Paul S. Burgoyne

ABSTRACT

The “X-Y crossover model” described in this paper postulates that (1) the pairing observed between the X and the Y chromosome at zygotene is a consequence of genetic homology, (2) there is a single obligatory crossover between the X and Y pairing segments, and (3) the segment of the X which pairs with the Y is protected from subsequent X inactivation. Genes distal to the proposed crossover (“pseudoautosomal genes”) will appear to be autosomally inherited because they will be transmitted to both male and female offspring. Some criteria for identifying pseudoautosomal genes are outlined.The existence of a single obligatory crossover between the X and Y of the mouse is strongly supported by a recent demonstration that the sex-reversing mutation Sxr, which is passed equally to XX and XY offspring by male carriers, is transmitted on the sex chromosomes. Pseudoautosomally inherited genes may also be responsible for XX sex reversal in goats and familial XX sex reversal in man. More... »

PAGES

85-90

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1982-12. Meitoic crossing-over between the X and Y chromosomes of male mice carrying the sex-reversing (Sxr) factor in NATURE
  • 1975-09. Possible role for H–Y antigen in the primary determination of sex in NATURE
  • 1982-06. Evidence for two male antigens in mice in IMMUNOGENETICS
  • 1934-07. The genetical and mechanical properties of the sex-chromosomes in JOURNAL OF GENETICS
  • 1970-06. Definitive Evidence for the Short Arm of the Y Chromosome associating with the X Chromosome during Meiosis in the Human Male in NATURE
  • 1982-06. X-linked genes of the H-Y antigen system in the wood lemming (Myopus schisticolor) in HUMAN GENETICS
  • 1981-11. A new era in mammalian gene mapping: somatic cell genetics and recombinant DNA methodologies in NATURE
  • 1980-12. Synaptonemal complexes and associated structures in microspread human spermatocytes in CHROMOSOMA
  • 1982-05. Pairing of X and Y chromosomes, non-inactivation of X-linked genes, and the maleness factor in HUMAN GENETICS
  • 1979-01. Heteromorphic X chromosomes in 46,XX males: Evidence for the involvement of X-Y interchange in HUMAN GENETICS
  • 1980-05. A gene controlling H-Y antigen on the X chromosome in HUMAN GENETICS
  • 1974. Chiasma distribution at diakinesis in the normal human male in HEREDITAS
  • 1980-06. Turner syndrome patients are H-Y positive in HUMAN GENETICS
  • 1981-01. A human quantitative polymorphism related to Xg blood groups in NATURE
  • 1981-08. The etiology of maleness in XX men in HUMAN GENETICS
  • 1980-05. Assignment by deletion mapping of the steroid sulfatase X-linked ichthyosis locus to Xp223 in HUMAN GENETICS
  • 1982-12. Male, female and intersex development in mice of identical chromosome constitution in NATURE
  • 1980. Mechanics of meiosis in HEREDITAS
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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00274192

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00274192

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035965201

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7129448


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