The evaluation of pollen quality, and a further appraisal of the fluorochromatic (FCR) test procedure View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1984-02

AUTHORS

J. Heslop-Harrison, Y. Heslop-Harrison, K. R. Shivanna

ABSTRACT

Methods currently available for evaluating pollen quality in vitro include, (a) tests of germinability; (b) tests of the stainability of the vegetative cell contents; (c) tests for enzyme activity, and (d) the fluorochromatic procedure (FCR), which tests principally the integrity of the plasmalemma of the vegetative cell. Using germinability in vitro as a standard, a comparison has been made between histochemical methods of classes (b), (c) and (d) in application to various pollens, immature, mature, and treated in ways known to affect viability and membrane state. Predictably, the lowest correlation was obtained with tests of stainability. The highest was given by the FCR, which generally provided an excellent guide to potential germinability. The FCR procedure is subject to various limitations, however, (a) A high correlation between FCR and germinability can only be expected when mature, ripe pollen is used; with immature pollen, the FCR will predict excessively high potential germinability. (b) The FCR may also predict a higher potential level of pollen function than in vitro germinability when the germination medium is sub-optimal. In this situation, however, it will generally give a better guide to fertilising capacity, (c) The FCR is not a test of pollen viability. Like germinability in vitro, it can yield a negative score with pollen which is nevertheless capable of functioning. For example, false negatives will be obtained with some species if the pollen is not properly pre-conditioned by rehydration before testing, an important point in monitoring stored pollen. The paper includes a brief discussion of the rationale of pollen testing. More... »

PAGES

367-375

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00272876

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00272876

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026091300

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24258660


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