Counterstain-enhanced chromosome banding View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1981-03

AUTHORS

D. Schwezer

ABSTRACT

Chromosome staining, in which at least one member of a pair or triplet of DNA binding dyes is fluorescent whereas the others act as counterstain, is reviewed. Appropriately chosen combinations of fluorescent dyes and counterstains can be employed to enhance general chromosome banding patterns, or to induce specific regional banding patterns. Some pairs of dyes which exhibit complementary DNA binding specificity, A-T/G-C or G-C/A-T, provide enhanced definition of positive or reverse banding patterns. Dye combinations of the type A-T/A-T, that include two DNA stains with similar specificity but non-identical binding modes, produce a specific pattern of brightly fluorescent heterochromatic regions (DA-DAPI bands). In man, the method highlights the C bands of chromosomes 1, 9, 15, 16, and the Y. Certain dye triplets of the type G-C/A-T/A-T, which include two spectroscopically separated fluorescent stains with reciprocal DNA base pair binding specificities and a non-fluorescent A-T binding counterstain, can be used to highlight selectively, in the appropriate wavelength ranges, either R bands or DA-DAPI bands. Applications of these techniques in human cytogenetics are described. The potential of the new methodology for detecting and analysing specific chromosome bands is demonstrated. The mechanisms responsible for contrast enhancement and pattern induction are reviewed and their implications for chromosome structure are discussed as they relate to the banding phenomenon and to the DNA composition of chromosomes. More... »

PAGES

1-14

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1976-12. Reverse fluorescent chromosome banding with chromomycin and DAPI in CHROMOSOMA
  • 1974-10. 5-Methylcytosine localised in mammalian constitutive heterochromatin in NATURE
  • 1980-03. Parental origin of de novo chromosome rearrangements in HUMAN GENETICS
  • 1980-02. Chromosome banding in amphibia in CHROMOSOMA
  • 1978-12. Selective excitation of mithramycin or DAPI fluorescence on double-stained cell nuclei and chromosomes in HISTOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY
  • 1977-03. Optical studies of the interaction of 4′-6-diamidino-2-phenylindole with DNA and metaphase chromosomes in CHROMOSOMA
  • 1978-01. Rapid identification of chromosomes carrying silver-stained nucleolus-organizing regions in HUMAN GENETICS
  • 1979-01. High resolution chromosome analysis: one and two parameter flow cytometry in CHROMOSOMA
  • 1977-06. R-banding produced by DNase I digestion of chromomycin-stained chromosomes in CHROMOSOMA
  • 1978-12. The use of base pair specific DNA binding agents as affinity labels for the study of mammalian chromosomes in CHROMOSOMA
  • 1980-07. The organization of DNA in the mitotic and polytene chromosomes of Sciara coprophila in CHROMOSOMA
  • 1974-03. Optical studies of complexes of quinacrine with DNA and chromatin: implications for the fluorescence of cytological chromosome preparations in CHROMOSOMA
  • 1979-12. Familial transmission of a translocation Y/14 in HUMAN GENETICS
  • 1975-12. Optical studies of the interaction of 33258 Hoechst with DNA, chromatin, and metaphase chromosomes in CHROMOSOMA
  • 1977-01. Mithramycin and DIPI: A pair of fluorochromes specific for GC- and AT-rich DNA respectively in HUMAN GENETICS
  • 1977-01. Inhibition of the development of Q-bands on human chromosomes by netropsin in HUMAN GENETICS
  • 1979-01. Complete deficiency of constitutive heterochromatin on a human chromosome 9 in HUMAN GENETICS
  • 1976-09. Mechanisms of chromosome banding in CHROMOSOMA
  • 1975-10. Organisation and evolution of Drosophila virilis heterochromatin in NATURE
  • 1980-06. Energy transfer and binding competition between dyes used to enhance staining differentiation in metaphase chromosomes in CHROMOSOMA
  • 1978-06. Interaction of anthracyclines with DNA and chromosomes in CHROMOSOMA
  • 1979-08. Confirmation of Y/autosome translocations using recombinant DNA in HUMAN GENETICS
  • 1980-07. Specific fluorescent bands on chromosomes produced by acridine orange after prestaining with base specific non-fluorescent DNA ligands in CHROMOSOMA
  • 1980-03. Cytochemical studies of metaphase chromosomes by flow cytometry in CHROMOSOMA
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00271159

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00271159

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050188151

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6167505


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0604", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Genetics", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Biological Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Animals", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Base Composition", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Chromosome Banding", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "DNA", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Dactinomycin", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Distamycins", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Fluorescent Dyes", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Heterochromatin", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Humans", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Indicators and Reagents", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Microscopy, Fluorescence", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Staining and Labeling", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Vienna", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10420.37", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Botany, The University of Vienna, rennweg 14, A-1030, Vienna, Austria"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Schwezer", 
            "givenName": "D.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1159/000131308", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000003884"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00287144", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000483575", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00287144"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1969.tb00579.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000780954"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00327319", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001992561", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00327319"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00364015", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002772568", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00364015"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00284985", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002969483", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00284985"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2836(69)90420-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002992677"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00446280", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003527327", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00446280"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00446280", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003527327", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00446280"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1139/g77-065", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007640231"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00327051", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008253428", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00327051"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-2836(68)80024-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009734911"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1159/000131351", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010130980"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(78)90177-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011385999"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00289465", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013371832", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00289465"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00295425", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014317017", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00295425"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1042/bj1570721", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016287904"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1042/bj1570721", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016287904"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00295587", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017817435", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00295587"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-4608(80)90015-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018416462"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-4608(80)90015-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018416462"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00327321", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021422351", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00327321"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00327164", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024895101", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00327164"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00328469", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026105967", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00328469"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1159/000131482", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028378070"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1159/000131472", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028585159"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/257503a0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029512158", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/257503a0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/257503a0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029512158", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/257503a0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/27.1.86583", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029797916"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/27.1.86583", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029797916"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.75.11.5650", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029806558"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00495389", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029854501", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00495389"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00495389", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029854501", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00495389"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/27.1.86582", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030824263"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/27.1.86582", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030824263"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00292840", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031861142", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00292840"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/251636a0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035104558", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/251636a0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1975.tb04149.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035952435"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(76)90692-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036158822"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.bb.05.060176.000245", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037863841"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/24.11.63505", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037897667"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/24.11.63505", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037897667"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00293185", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038091166", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00293185"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00286050", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039206153", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00286050"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00287054", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039210248", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00287054"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(76)90057-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039465343"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00295410", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040097669", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00295410"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.bi.47.070178.004131", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040564866"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00294840", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042964586", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00294840"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/25.8.70463", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043709646"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/25.8.70463", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043709646"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00292043", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043861261", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00292043"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/23.11.1194669", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048457568"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/23.11.1194669", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048457568"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00330407", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049948932", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00330407"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ge.12.120178.000325", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050217750"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1971.tb01466.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051524750"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1975.tb04138.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051991379"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.149.3689.1259", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062486139"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.63994", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062636986"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081011201", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081592296", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00277634", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082994406", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00277634"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "1981-03", 
        "datePublishedReg": "1981-03-01", 
        "description": "Chromosome staining, in which at least one member of a pair or triplet of DNA binding dyes is fluorescent whereas the others act as counterstain, is reviewed. Appropriately chosen combinations of fluorescent dyes and counterstains can be employed to enhance general chromosome banding patterns, or to induce specific regional banding patterns. Some pairs of dyes which exhibit complementary DNA binding specificity, A-T/G-C or G-C/A-T, provide enhanced definition of positive or reverse banding patterns. Dye combinations of the type A-T/A-T, that include two DNA stains with similar specificity but non-identical binding modes, produce a specific pattern of brightly fluorescent heterochromatic regions (DA-DAPI bands). In man, the method highlights the C bands of chromosomes 1, 9, 15, 16, and the Y. Certain dye triplets of the type G-C/A-T/A-T, which include two spectroscopically separated fluorescent stains with reciprocal DNA base pair binding specificities and a non-fluorescent A-T binding counterstain, can be used to highlight selectively, in the appropriate wavelength ranges, either R bands or DA-DAPI bands. Applications of these techniques in human cytogenetics are described. The potential of the new methodology for detecting and analysing specific chromosome bands is demonstrated. The mechanisms responsible for contrast enhancement and pattern induction are reviewed and their implications for chromosome structure are discussed as they relate to the banding phenomenon and to the DNA composition of chromosomes.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00271159", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1085982", 
            "issn": [
              "0340-6717", 
              "1432-1203"
            ], 
            "name": "Human Genetics", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "57"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Counterstain-enhanced chromosome banding", 
        "pagination": "1-14", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "ef14e458f5a6b9b77eb526c3135cfa510eb011e022f256a22d18222b3c74a4b5"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "6167505"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "7613873"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/bf00271159"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1050188151"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00271159", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050188151"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T13:48", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000371_0000000371/records_130793_00000004.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/BF00271159"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00271159'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00271159'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00271159'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00271159'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    297 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      94 URIs      33 LITERALS      21 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00271159 schema:about N0483e20ca6bd4508a489840044798493
    2 N2318a64ef72f4eb1bf11a2578235ec31
    3 N2f4f1b6c3f0046d2982733bbb87a3dd2
    4 N33c469e1595245d4b18eebda8fa01cee
    5 N63b6fd091f5c4c65a38c8e23747552fd
    6 N665f398441214d1bb33eb9e322b1852e
    7 N80dfceaf1bcd4fe3ae0e050a26bfa1d9
    8 N9c3d5076545649ffa181739031f21a0b
    9 N9cd6affe30de473f8bcc7ea1cc486c12
    10 Na49bbca746fb4a75be10bb8e78724586
    11 Na4c8d64c90ae4b0f8f0782bd10a1671c
    12 Ne2bcd463f2ee4f48a32145d63c849808
    13 anzsrc-for:06
    14 anzsrc-for:0604
    15 schema:author Neabdd84495a94a54bafd1a7a93aabd2e
    16 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00277634
    17 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00284985
    18 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00286050
    19 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00287054
    20 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00287144
    21 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00289465
    22 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00292043
    23 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00292840
    24 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00293185
    25 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00294840
    26 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00295410
    27 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00295425
    28 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00295587
    29 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00327051
    30 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00327164
    31 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00327319
    32 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00327321
    33 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00328469
    34 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00330407
    35 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00364015
    36 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00446280
    37 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00495389
    38 sg:pub.10.1038/251636a0
    39 sg:pub.10.1038/257503a0
    40 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081011201
    41 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081592296
    42 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(76)90057-4
    43 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(76)90692-3
    44 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(78)90177-5
    45 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2836(69)90420-3
    46 https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-4608(80)90015-1
    47 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-2836(68)80024-5
    48 https://doi.org/10.1042/bj1570721
    49 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.75.11.5650
    50 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1969.tb00579.x
    51 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1971.tb01466.x
    52 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1975.tb04138.x
    53 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1975.tb04149.x
    54 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.149.3689.1259
    55 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.63994
    56 https://doi.org/10.1139/g77-065
    57 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.bb.05.060176.000245
    58 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.bi.47.070178.004131
    59 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ge.12.120178.000325
    60 https://doi.org/10.1159/000131308
    61 https://doi.org/10.1159/000131351
    62 https://doi.org/10.1159/000131472
    63 https://doi.org/10.1159/000131482
    64 https://doi.org/10.1177/23.11.1194669
    65 https://doi.org/10.1177/24.11.63505
    66 https://doi.org/10.1177/25.8.70463
    67 https://doi.org/10.1177/27.1.86582
    68 https://doi.org/10.1177/27.1.86583
    69 schema:datePublished 1981-03
    70 schema:datePublishedReg 1981-03-01
    71 schema:description Chromosome staining, in which at least one member of a pair or triplet of DNA binding dyes is fluorescent whereas the others act as counterstain, is reviewed. Appropriately chosen combinations of fluorescent dyes and counterstains can be employed to enhance general chromosome banding patterns, or to induce specific regional banding patterns. Some pairs of dyes which exhibit complementary DNA binding specificity, A-T/G-C or G-C/A-T, provide enhanced definition of positive or reverse banding patterns. Dye combinations of the type A-T/A-T, that include two DNA stains with similar specificity but non-identical binding modes, produce a specific pattern of brightly fluorescent heterochromatic regions (DA-DAPI bands). In man, the method highlights the C bands of chromosomes 1, 9, 15, 16, and the Y. Certain dye triplets of the type G-C/A-T/A-T, which include two spectroscopically separated fluorescent stains with reciprocal DNA base pair binding specificities and a non-fluorescent A-T binding counterstain, can be used to highlight selectively, in the appropriate wavelength ranges, either R bands or DA-DAPI bands. Applications of these techniques in human cytogenetics are described. The potential of the new methodology for detecting and analysing specific chromosome bands is demonstrated. The mechanisms responsible for contrast enhancement and pattern induction are reviewed and their implications for chromosome structure are discussed as they relate to the banding phenomenon and to the DNA composition of chromosomes.
    72 schema:genre research_article
    73 schema:inLanguage en
    74 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    75 schema:isPartOf N589f8912b74a45b7b389d6f1347ed87c
    76 Nbf4d758462064f11aadce525373e32e6
    77 sg:journal.1085982
    78 schema:name Counterstain-enhanced chromosome banding
    79 schema:pagination 1-14
    80 schema:productId N62bc960b35a14e71891484d325b6315e
    81 Na6b05b1fdc7b4552995a3ddecffa9422
    82 Nbb8af7d55f9e4f0f846f9742205f85d2
    83 Ncf8960a749de413c8757460636e80ffd
    84 Nfbc0049b938f44eda504b9c84bdcc5cc
    85 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050188151
    86 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00271159
    87 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T13:48
    88 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    89 schema:sdPublisher Nc3c8b2d68df7404d8061fddba518f5cc
    90 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/BF00271159
    91 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    92 sgo:sdDataset articles
    93 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    94 N0483e20ca6bd4508a489840044798493 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    95 schema:name Dactinomycin
    96 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    97 N2318a64ef72f4eb1bf11a2578235ec31 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    98 schema:name Animals
    99 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    100 N2f4f1b6c3f0046d2982733bbb87a3dd2 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    101 schema:name Indicators and Reagents
    102 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    103 N33c469e1595245d4b18eebda8fa01cee schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    104 schema:name DNA
    105 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    106 N589f8912b74a45b7b389d6f1347ed87c schema:volumeNumber 57
    107 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    108 N62bc960b35a14e71891484d325b6315e schema:name doi
    109 schema:value 10.1007/bf00271159
    110 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    111 N63b6fd091f5c4c65a38c8e23747552fd schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    112 schema:name Microscopy, Fluorescence
    113 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    114 N665f398441214d1bb33eb9e322b1852e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    115 schema:name Chromosome Banding
    116 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    117 N80dfceaf1bcd4fe3ae0e050a26bfa1d9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    118 schema:name Humans
    119 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    120 N81f3a1480cf9492ebccd24aaa6f42864 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10420.37
    121 schema:familyName Schwezer
    122 schema:givenName D.
    123 rdf:type schema:Person
    124 N9c3d5076545649ffa181739031f21a0b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    125 schema:name Distamycins
    126 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    127 N9cd6affe30de473f8bcc7ea1cc486c12 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    128 schema:name Staining and Labeling
    129 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    130 Na49bbca746fb4a75be10bb8e78724586 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    131 schema:name Fluorescent Dyes
    132 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    133 Na4c8d64c90ae4b0f8f0782bd10a1671c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    134 schema:name Base Composition
    135 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    136 Na6b05b1fdc7b4552995a3ddecffa9422 schema:name readcube_id
    137 schema:value ef14e458f5a6b9b77eb526c3135cfa510eb011e022f256a22d18222b3c74a4b5
    138 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    139 Nbb8af7d55f9e4f0f846f9742205f85d2 schema:name dimensions_id
    140 schema:value pub.1050188151
    141 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    142 Nbf4d758462064f11aadce525373e32e6 schema:issueNumber 1
    143 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    144 Nc3c8b2d68df7404d8061fddba518f5cc schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    145 rdf:type schema:Organization
    146 Ncf8960a749de413c8757460636e80ffd schema:name nlm_unique_id
    147 schema:value 7613873
    148 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    149 Ne2bcd463f2ee4f48a32145d63c849808 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    150 schema:name Heterochromatin
    151 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    152 Neabdd84495a94a54bafd1a7a93aabd2e rdf:first N81f3a1480cf9492ebccd24aaa6f42864
    153 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    154 Nfbc0049b938f44eda504b9c84bdcc5cc schema:name pubmed_id
    155 schema:value 6167505
    156 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    157 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    158 schema:name Biological Sciences
    159 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    160 anzsrc-for:0604 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    161 schema:name Genetics
    162 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    163 sg:journal.1085982 schema:issn 0340-6717
    164 1432-1203
    165 schema:name Human Genetics
    166 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    167 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00277634 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082994406
    168 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00277634
    169 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    170 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00284985 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002969483
    171 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00284985
    172 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    173 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00286050 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039206153
    174 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00286050
    175 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    176 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00287054 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039210248
    177 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00287054
    178 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    179 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00287144 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000483575
    180 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00287144
    181 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    182 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00289465 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013371832
    183 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00289465
    184 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    185 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00292043 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043861261
    186 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00292043
    187 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    188 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00292840 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031861142
    189 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00292840
    190 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    191 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00293185 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038091166
    192 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00293185
    193 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    194 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00294840 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042964586
    195 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00294840
    196 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    197 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00295410 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040097669
    198 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00295410
    199 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    200 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00295425 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014317017
    201 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00295425
    202 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    203 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00295587 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017817435
    204 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00295587
    205 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    206 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00327051 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008253428
    207 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00327051
    208 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    209 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00327164 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024895101
    210 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00327164
    211 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    212 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00327319 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001992561
    213 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00327319
    214 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    215 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00327321 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021422351
    216 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00327321
    217 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    218 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00328469 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026105967
    219 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00328469
    220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    221 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00330407 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049948932
    222 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00330407
    223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    224 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00364015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002772568
    225 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00364015
    226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    227 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00446280 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003527327
    228 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00446280
    229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    230 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00495389 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029854501
    231 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00495389
    232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    233 sg:pub.10.1038/251636a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035104558
    234 https://doi.org/10.1038/251636a0
    235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    236 sg:pub.10.1038/257503a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029512158
    237 https://doi.org/10.1038/257503a0
    238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    239 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081011201 schema:CreativeWork
    240 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081592296 schema:CreativeWork
    241 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(76)90057-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039465343
    242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    243 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(76)90692-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036158822
    244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    245 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(78)90177-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011385999
    246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    247 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2836(69)90420-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002992677
    248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    249 https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-4608(80)90015-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018416462
    250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    251 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-2836(68)80024-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009734911
    252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    253 https://doi.org/10.1042/bj1570721 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016287904
    254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    255 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.75.11.5650 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029806558
    256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    257 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1969.tb00579.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000780954
    258 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    259 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1971.tb01466.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051524750
    260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    261 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1975.tb04138.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051991379
    262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    263 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1975.tb04149.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035952435
    264 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    265 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.149.3689.1259 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062486139
    266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    267 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.63994 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062636986
    268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    269 https://doi.org/10.1139/g77-065 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007640231
    270 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    271 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.bb.05.060176.000245 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037863841
    272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    273 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.bi.47.070178.004131 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040564866
    274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    275 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ge.12.120178.000325 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050217750
    276 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    277 https://doi.org/10.1159/000131308 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000003884
    278 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    279 https://doi.org/10.1159/000131351 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010130980
    280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    281 https://doi.org/10.1159/000131472 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028585159
    282 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    283 https://doi.org/10.1159/000131482 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028378070
    284 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    285 https://doi.org/10.1177/23.11.1194669 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048457568
    286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    287 https://doi.org/10.1177/24.11.63505 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037897667
    288 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    289 https://doi.org/10.1177/25.8.70463 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043709646
    290 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    291 https://doi.org/10.1177/27.1.86582 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030824263
    292 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    293 https://doi.org/10.1177/27.1.86583 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029797916
    294 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    295 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10420.37 schema:alternateName University of Vienna
    296 schema:name Institute of Botany, The University of Vienna, rennweg 14, A-1030, Vienna, Austria
    297 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...