On the control of transcription of bacteriophage Mu View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1974-06

AUTHORS

Carel Wijffelman, Micheline Gassler, Willem F. Stevens, Pieter van de Putte

ABSTRACT

The transcription pattern of bacteriophage Mu has been studied with the use of Mu-1 cts62, a thermo-inducible derivative of wild-type Mu. The rate of transcription at various times after induction was measured by pulse-labeling the RNA during synthesis and determining the fraction of Mu-specific RNA by hybridization with the separated strands of Mu-DNA. Transcription was found to take place predominantly from the heavy strand of Mu-DNA, as was found previously by Bade (1972). A study of the kinetics of this process revealed four phases. Initially after the induction the rate of transcription increases and reaches a maximum after four minutes. In the second phase during five minutes the rate falls down. During the third phase, up to 25 minutes after induction, the rate of transcription rises slowly, followed by a very rapid increase in the final phase, at the end of the lytic cycle. Phage Mu can be integrated in the host chromosome in two opposite orientations. The strand specificity, rate and time-course of transcription appeared not to be influenced by the orientation. The presence of chloramphenicol during the induction of the phage does not have an effect on the initial phase of transcription, but it prevents the decrease in the second phase. This suggests that in the early phase a Mu-specific protein is synthesized which acts as a negative regulator of trancription. In non-permissive strains, lysogenic for a phage with an amber mutation in gene A or B, the transcription during the first and the second phase is the same as with wild-type phage; in the third phase, however, there is much less transcription than with wild type phage, whereas in the final phase the increase of the transcription rate is completely absent.Control experiments showed that DNA synthesis does not take place when a non-permissive strain is infected with a phage with an amber mutation in gene A or B. Therefore we conclude that the products of the genes A and B are required, directly or indirectly, for the autonomous replication of phage DNA. Since these amber mutants are also impaired in the integration process, we conclude that the genes A and B code for regulator proteins with a crucial role in the development of bacteriophage Mu. More... »

PAGES

85-96

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00266145

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00266145

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017031634

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4420740


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