The fermentation of hexose and pentose sugars by Candida shehatae and Pichia stipitis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1986-01

AUTHORS

J. C. du Preez, M. Bosch, B. A. Prior

ABSTRACT

The fermentation by Candida shehatae and Pichia stipitis of xylitol and the various sugars which are liberated upon hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass was investigated. Both yeasts produced ethanol from d-glucose, d-mannose, d-galactose and d-xylose. Only P. stipitis fermented d-cellobiose, producing 6.5 g·l-1 ethanol from 20 g·l-1 cellobiose within 48 h. No ethanol was produced from l-arabinose, l-rhamnose or xylitol. Diauxie was evident during the fermentation of a sugar mixture. Following the depletion of glucose, P. stipitis fermented galactose, mannose, xylose and cellobiose simultaneously with no noticeable preceding lag period. A similar fermentation pattern was observed with C. shehatae, except that it failed to utilize cellobiose even though it grew on cellobiose when supplied as the sole sugar. P. stipitis produced considerably more ethanol from the sugar mixture than C. shehatae, primarily due to its ability to ferment cellobiose. In general P. stipitis exhibited a higher volumetric rate and yield of ethanol production. This yeast fermented glucose 30–50% more rapidly than xylose, whereas the rates of ethanol production from these two sugars by C. shehatae were similar. P. stipitis had no absolute vitamin requirement for xylose fermentation, but biotin and thiamine enhanced the rate and yield of ethanol production significantly. More... »

PAGES

228-233

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00261920

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00261920

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033881097


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