The fermentation of hexose and pentose sugars by Candida shehatae and Pichia stipitis View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1986-01

AUTHORS

J. C. du Preez, M. Bosch, B. A. Prior

ABSTRACT

The fermentation by Candida shehatae and Pichia stipitis of xylitol and the various sugars which are liberated upon hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass was investigated. Both yeasts produced ethanol from d-glucose, d-mannose, d-galactose and d-xylose. Only P. stipitis fermented d-cellobiose, producing 6.5 g·l-1 ethanol from 20 g·l-1 cellobiose within 48 h. No ethanol was produced from l-arabinose, l-rhamnose or xylitol. Diauxie was evident during the fermentation of a sugar mixture. Following the depletion of glucose, P. stipitis fermented galactose, mannose, xylose and cellobiose simultaneously with no noticeable preceding lag period. A similar fermentation pattern was observed with C. shehatae, except that it failed to utilize cellobiose even though it grew on cellobiose when supplied as the sole sugar. P. stipitis produced considerably more ethanol from the sugar mixture than C. shehatae, primarily due to its ability to ferment cellobiose. In general P. stipitis exhibited a higher volumetric rate and yield of ethanol production. This yeast fermented glucose 30–50% more rapidly than xylose, whereas the rates of ethanol production from these two sugars by C. shehatae were similar. P. stipitis had no absolute vitamin requirement for xylose fermentation, but biotin and thiamine enhanced the rate and yield of ethanol production significantly. More... »

PAGES

228-233

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1984-04. NADH-linked aldose reductase: the key to anaerobic alcoholic fermentation of xylose by yeasts in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1983-09. Utilization of glucose and cellobiose by Candida wickerhamii in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1985-04. A quantitative screening of some xylose-fermenting yeast isolates in BIOTECHNOLOGY LETTERS
  • 1983-09. Fermentation of xylose with the yeast Pachysolen tannophilus in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1984-06. Xylose fermentation by yeasts in BIOTECHNOLOGY LETTERS
  • 1984-04. The effect of aeration on xylose fermentation by Candida shehatae and Pachysolen tannophilus in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1982-07. Ethanol production from D-xylose and other sugars by the yeastPachysolen tannophilus in BIOTECHNOLOGY LETTERS
  • 1982-02. Yeasts that ferment D-cellobiose as well as D-xylose in BIOTECHNOLOGY LETTERS
  • 1983-11. Diauxic utilization of glucose-cellobiose mixtures by Candida wickerhamii in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1983-07. Ethanol production from wood hydrolysates using Pachysolen tannophilus in BIOTECHNOLOGY LETTERS
  • 1983-05. Fermentation of D-xylose to ethanol by a strain ofCandida shehatae in BIOTECHNOLOGY LETTERS
  • 1983-11. The fermentation of different carbon sources byFusarium oxysporum in BIOTECHNOLOGY LETTERS
  • 1983. Ethanol production from d-xylose and several other carbohydrates by Pachysolen tannophilus and other yeasts in PENTOSES AND LIGNIN
  • 1984-03. Fermentation of arabinose to ethanol by Sarcina ventriculi in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00261920

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00261920

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