Effects of various nitrogen fertilizers on emission of nitrous oxide from soils View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1986-08

AUTHORS

G. A. Breitenbeck, J. M. Bremner

ABSTRACT

Field studies of the effects of different N fertilizers on emission of nitrous oxide (N20) from three Iowa soils showed that the N2O emissions induced by application of 180 kg ha−1 fertilizer N as anhydrous ammonia greatly exceeded those induced by application of the same amount of fertilizer N as aqueous ammonia or urea. On average, the emission of N2O-N induced by anhydrous ammonia was more than 13 times that induced by aqueous ammonia or urea and represented 1.2% of the anhydrous ammonia N applied. Experiments with one soil showed that the N2O emission induced by anhydrous ammonia was more than 17 times that induced by the same amount of N as calcium nitrate. These findings confirm indications from previous work that anhydrous ammonia has a much greater effect on emission of N2O from soils than do other commonly used N fertilizers and merits special attention in research relating to the potential adverse climatic effect of N fertilization of soils. Laboratory studies of the effect of different amounts of NH4OH on emission of N2O from Webster soil showed that the emission of N2O-N induced by addition of 100 μg NH4OH-N g−1 soil represented only 0.18% of the N applied, whereas the emissions induced by additions of 500 and 1 000 μg NH4OH-N g−1 soil represented 1.15% and 1.19%, respectively, of the N applied. This suggests that the exceptionally large emissions of N2O induced by anhydrous ammonia fertilization are due, at least in part, to the fact that the customary method of applying this fertilizer by injection into soil produces highly alkaline soil zones of high ammonium-N concentration that do not occur when urea or aqueous ammonia fertilizers are broadcast and incorporated into soil. More... »

PAGES

195-199

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1980. Mechanisms of Nitrous Oxide Production in Soils in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY OF ANCIENT AND MODERN ENVIRONMENTS
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Biology and Fertility of Soils

    ISSUE

    4

    VOLUME

    2

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00260843

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00260843

    DIMENSIONS

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