Genetical analysis of chromosome 5A of wheat and its influence on important agronomic characters View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1985-12

AUTHORS

J. W. Snape, C. N. Law, B. B. Parker, A. J. Worland

ABSTRACT

Chromosome 5A of bread wheat, Triticum aestivum carries the major gene, Vrnl, which is one of the main determinants of the winter/spring growth habit polymorphism in this species. Genetical analysis of this chromosome has been carried out using single-chromosome recombinant lines to establish the pleiotropic effects of this locus and two other major genes, q determining ear morphology and bl determining the presence of awns, on important agronomic characters. The three major genes were located on the long arm of chromosome 5A with a gene order of: centromere -bl-q-Vrnl. Analysis of quantitative characters from a winter sowing revealed pleiotropic effects of Vrnl or the effects of closely linked loci on the characters plant height, tiller number and spikelet number. However effects on ear emergence time were not associated with Vrnl but with q as were effects on spikelet number and ear length. In addition a locus determining yield/plant was located between Vrnl and q. Independant loci determining height and ear length were apparent on the short arm of chromosome 5A. From a spring sowing, however, there was a large pleiotropic effect of Vrnl on ear emergence time, as well as the effects previously detected. In addition, associated with q were effects on plant height and grain size which were not expressed from the winter sowing. More... »

PAGES

518-526

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00251199

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00251199

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022375504

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24247464


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