Permeability properties of peroxisomal membranes from yeasts View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1990-04

AUTHORS

A. C. Douma, M. Veenhuis, G. J. Sulter, H. R. Waterham, K. Verheyden, G. P. Mannaerts, W. Harder

ABSTRACT

We have studied the permeability properties of intact peroxisomes and purified peroxisomal membranes from two methylotrophic yeasts. After incorporation of sucrose and dextran in proteoliposomes composed of asolectin and peroxisomal membranes isolated from the yeasts Hansenula polymorpha and Candida boidinii a selective leakage of sucrose occurred indicating that the peroxisomal membranes were permeable to small molecules. Since the permeability of yeast peroxisomal membranes in vitro may be due to the isolation procedure employed, the osmotic stability of peroxisomes was tested during incubations of intact protoplasts in hypotonic media. Mild osmotic swelling of the protoplasts also resulted in swelling of the peroxisomes present in these cells but not in a release of their matrix proteins. The latter was only observed when the integrity of the cells was disturbed due to disruption of the cell membrane during further lowering of the concentration of the osmotic stabilizer. Stability tests with purified peroxisomes indicated that this leak of matrix proteins was not associated with the permeability to sucrose. Various attempts to mimic the in vivo situation and generate a proton motive force across the peroxisomal membranes in order to influence the permeability properties failed. Two different proton pumps were used for this purpose namely bacteriorhodopsin (BR) and reaction center-light-harvesting complex I (RCLH1 complex). After introduction of BR into the membrane of intact peroxisomes generation of a pH-gradient was not or barely detectable. Since this pump readily generated a pH-gradient in pure liposomes, these results strengthened the initial observations on the leakiness of the peroxisomal membrane fragments.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) More... »

PAGES

490-495

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00248432

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00248432

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025376452

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2339956


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