Aneuploid and alloplasmic lines as tools for the study of nuclear and cytoplasmic control of culture ability and regeneration of ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1987-10

AUTHORS

T. Felsenburg, M. Feldman, E. Galun

ABSTRACT

Twenty four B genome aneuploid lines (di-telosomics, nullisomic-tetrasomics and tetrasomics) of Triticum aestivum cv 'Chinese Spring' were used in an analysis of the culture ability and regeneration capability of scutellar calli. Several correlations were found between the presence or absence of specific chromosomes and chromosomal arms of the B genome of common wheat and the growth and differentiation capabilities of these calli. The rate of callus growth decreased only when the long arm of chromosome 6B was not present. The absence of chromosomes 3B and 7B did not result in an apparent change in morphogenetic capability, while the absence of other B genome chromosomes was significantly correlated to changes in the frequency of calli that regenerated plants. The presence of the short arm of chromosome 1B was negatively correlated with regeneration, whereas its long arm is probably required to counteract this effect and to maintain the normal ratio of regeneration. The presence of the chromosomal arm 2BS seemed to be essential for differentiation to shoots. In the absence of the short arms of chromosomes 4B and 5B, the rate of regeneration was slightly reduced. In the absence of the long arm of chromosome 6B there was a marked reduction of the ability of scutellar calli to regenerate plants. The use of additional aneuploid lines belonging to homoeologous group 6 revealed that only calli derived from lines having chromosome 6D in their complement regenerated plants similarly to the euploid control. Culture ability and regeneration capability were also analysed with alloplasmic lines of T. aestivum cv 'Chris'. The lines were derived from five species, representing plasma-types of different phylogenetic distances from plasma-type B of T. aestivum. The results showed that when the endogenous cytoplasm (B-type) was exchanged with T. timopheevii cytoplasm (G-type) there was a significant increase in the regeneration of shoots from the scutellar calli. More... »

PAGES

802-810

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 1982-09. On the genetic improvement of androgenetic haploid formation in Hordeum vulgare L. in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1985-05. Inheritance of callus formation ability in anther cultures of rice, Oryza sativa L. in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1980-11. Genetic variation in tissue cultures of red clover in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1984-05. Combining abilities and heritability of callus formation and plantlet regeneration in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) anther cultures in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1984-06. Results of a diallel trial and a breeding experiment for in vitro aptitude in maize in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1986-04. Cytoplasmic effects on the tissue culture response of wheat (Triticum aestivum) callus in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1985-08. The effect of parental genotype on initiation of embryogenic callus from elite maize (Zea mays L.) germplasm in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1984-11. Diallel analysis of androgenetic plant production in hexaploid Triticale (X. triticosecale, Wittmack) in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1975-01. In vitro culture of wheat. III. Anther culture of the a genome aneuploids in common wheat in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1982-06. Genetic control of embryo production and embryo quality in anther culture of Petunia in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1985-12. Effect of the 1B/1R translocation on anther culture ability in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in PLANT CELL REPORTS
  • 1973-03. The influence of genomes on autonomous growth of pith cultures of Nicotiana glauca-Langsdorffii hybrids in PLANTA
  • 1982-06. Anther culture of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) F1's and their reciprocal crosses in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1981-03. In vitro propagation and chromosome doubling of a Triticum crassum x Hordeum vulgare intergeneric hybrid in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1986-03. The effect of specific chromosome and cytoplasm substitutions on the tissue culture response of wheat (Triticum aestivum) callus in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Theoretical and Applied Genetics

    ISSUE

    6

    VOLUME

    74

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00247560

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00247560

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022363120

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24240343


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    32 schema:description Twenty four B genome aneuploid lines (di-telosomics, nullisomic-tetrasomics and tetrasomics) of Triticum aestivum cv 'Chinese Spring' were used in an analysis of the culture ability and regeneration capability of scutellar calli. Several correlations were found between the presence or absence of specific chromosomes and chromosomal arms of the B genome of common wheat and the growth and differentiation capabilities of these calli. The rate of callus growth decreased only when the long arm of chromosome 6B was not present. The absence of chromosomes 3B and 7B did not result in an apparent change in morphogenetic capability, while the absence of other B genome chromosomes was significantly correlated to changes in the frequency of calli that regenerated plants. The presence of the short arm of chromosome 1B was negatively correlated with regeneration, whereas its long arm is probably required to counteract this effect and to maintain the normal ratio of regeneration. The presence of the chromosomal arm 2BS seemed to be essential for differentiation to shoots. In the absence of the short arms of chromosomes 4B and 5B, the rate of regeneration was slightly reduced. In the absence of the long arm of chromosome 6B there was a marked reduction of the ability of scutellar calli to regenerate plants. The use of additional aneuploid lines belonging to homoeologous group 6 revealed that only calli derived from lines having chromosome 6D in their complement regenerated plants similarly to the euploid control. Culture ability and regeneration capability were also analysed with alloplasmic lines of T. aestivum cv 'Chris'. The lines were derived from five species, representing plasma-types of different phylogenetic distances from plasma-type B of T. aestivum. The results showed that when the endogenous cytoplasm (B-type) was exchanged with T. timopheevii cytoplasm (G-type) there was a significant increase in the regeneration of shoots from the scutellar calli.
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