Pigment-protein diversity in chlorosomes of green phototrophic bacteria View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1990-10

AUTHORS

John F. Stolz, R. Clinton Fuller, Thomas E. Redlinger

ABSTRACT

In order to compare and contrast the structure and function of the light-harvesting antennae (i.e. chlorosomes) of green bacteria, a procedure for isolating and characterizing them from green sulfur bacteria was developed. The chlorosomes from Chlorobium species with bacteriochlorophyll (Bchl) c or e were isolated by a two step sucrose density centrifugation in the presence of 2% miranol, a mild detergent, and 2 M sodium thiocyanate (NaSCN). Purified chlorosomes from two green sulfur bacteria, Chlorobium phaeobacteroides and Chlorobium tepidum, and the filamentous green bacterium Chloroflexus aurantiacus were analysed by spectrophotometry, SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and immunological procedures. Isolated chlorosomes from both Chlorobium species contain only two electrophoretically separable protein components with approximate molecular masses of 5–7.5 and 34.5 kDa. In addition, they have a major light-harvesting antenna pigment (Bchl c or e), a minor Bchl a species, and carotenoids. Chloroflexus aurantiacus antisera for the three major chlorosome proteins (5.6, 11, and 18 kDa), and the reaction center proteins (24 and 24.5 kDa) did not cross react with any Chlorobium proteins analyzed in this study. Chlorobium limicola f. thiosulfatophilum antisera against the 7.5 kDa chlorosome protein cross reacted strongly with the 5–7.5 kDa protein from Cb. tepidum, weakly with the Cb. phaeobacteroides protein, but not at all to the 5.6 kDa chlorosome protein from Cf. aurantiacus. These results provide further evidence for the evolutionary divergence of the chlorosomes from green phototrophic bacteria (e.g., Chlorobium-type and Chloroflexus-type). More... »

PAGES

422-427

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1988. Energy Trapping and Electron Transfer in Chloroflexus Aurantiacus in GREEN PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA
  • 1980-01. A comparative study on the composition of chlorosomes (Chlorobium vesicles) and cytoplasmic membranes from Chloroflexus aurantiacus strain Ok-70-fl and Chlorobium limicola f. thiosulfatophilum strain 6230 in ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY
  • 1981. Characterization and Identification of the Anoxygenic Phototrophic Bacteria in THE PROKARYOTES
  • 1988. Structural Studies on Chlorosomes from Prosthecochloris Aestuarii in GREEN PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA
  • 1988. Introduction in GREEN PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA
  • 1981. Isolation of Members of the Families Chromatiaceae and Chlorobiaceae in THE PROKARYOTES
  • 1981. Isolation of Members of the Family Chloroflexaceae in THE PROKARYOTES
  • 1988. The Bacteriochlorophyll C--Binding Protein from Chlorosomes of Chlorobium LimicolaF.Thiosulfrtophilum in GREEN PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA
  • 1978-12. Visualization of the supramolecular architecture of chlorosomes (chlorobium type vesicles) in freeze-fractured cells of Chloroflexus aurantiacus in ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY
  • 1975-12. Chlorophyll arrangement in a bacteriochlorophyll protein from Chlorobium limicola in NATURE
  • 1970-08. Cleavage of Structural Proteins during the Assembly of the Head of Bacteriophage T4 in NATURE
  • 1985-05. Protein processing as a regulatory mechanism in the synthesis of the photosynthetic antenna in Chloroflexus in ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY
  • 1974-01. A phototrophic gliding filamentous bacterium of hot springs, Chloroflexus aurantiacus, gen. and sp. nov. in ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00245221

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00245221

    DIMENSIONS

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    37 schema:description In order to compare and contrast the structure and function of the light-harvesting antennae (i.e. chlorosomes) of green bacteria, a procedure for isolating and characterizing them from green sulfur bacteria was developed. The chlorosomes from Chlorobium species with bacteriochlorophyll (Bchl) c or e were isolated by a two step sucrose density centrifugation in the presence of 2% miranol, a mild detergent, and 2 M sodium thiocyanate (NaSCN). Purified chlorosomes from two green sulfur bacteria, Chlorobium phaeobacteroides and Chlorobium tepidum, and the filamentous green bacterium Chloroflexus aurantiacus were analysed by spectrophotometry, SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and immunological procedures. Isolated chlorosomes from both Chlorobium species contain only two electrophoretically separable protein components with approximate molecular masses of 5–7.5 and 34.5 kDa. In addition, they have a major light-harvesting antenna pigment (Bchl c or e), a minor Bchl a species, and carotenoids. Chloroflexus aurantiacus antisera for the three major chlorosome proteins (5.6, 11, and 18 kDa), and the reaction center proteins (24 and 24.5 kDa) did not cross react with any Chlorobium proteins analyzed in this study. Chlorobium limicola f. thiosulfatophilum antisera against the 7.5 kDa chlorosome protein cross reacted strongly with the 5–7.5 kDa protein from Cb. tepidum, weakly with the Cb. phaeobacteroides protein, but not at all to the 5.6 kDa chlorosome protein from Cf. aurantiacus. These results provide further evidence for the evolutionary divergence of the chlorosomes from green phototrophic bacteria (e.g., Chlorobium-type and Chloroflexus-type).
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