The effect of ethylene on the cell-type-specific and intracellular localization of β-1,3-glucanase and chitinase in tobacco leaves View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1990-08

AUTHORS

Dennis Keefe, Ursula Hinz, Frederick Meins

ABSTRACT

We have studied the effect of ethylene on the localization of the basic isoforms of glucan endo-1,3-β-glucosidase (β-1,3-glucanase, EC 3.2.1.39) and endo-chitinase (chitinase, EC 3.2.1.14) in leaves of Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Havana 425. Comparisons of the enzyme contents of the lower epidermis of the leaf, leaf expiants with the lower epidermis removed, and intercellular wash fluid indicate that both enzymes are localized inside epidermal cells of untreated leaves. Ethylene treatment (20 μl·l-1, 4d) induced a marked -10- to 30-fold-coordinated accumulation of the enzymes. This was due primarily to induction of the basic isoforms inside chlorenchyma cells of the leaf interior. The localization of basic β-1,3-glucanase was confirmed by immunofluorescence histochemistry and immunogold cytochemistry. Immunolabelling was confined to electron-dense bodies of the cell vacuole. No extracellular immunolabelling was detected in control or ethylene-treated leaves. We conclude that ethylene changes the cell-type-specific distribution but not the intracellular compartmentation of the two enzymes. These results support the generalization that basic isoforms of chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase are intracellular whereas the acidic isoforms are secreted into the extracellular space. More... »

PAGES

43-51

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00239982

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00239982

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037145218

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24196998


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