Distribution of six major copepod species around South Georgia during an austral winter View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1989-11

AUTHORS

Angus Atkinson

ABSTRACT

A net sampling survey was conducted around the island of South Georgia during July/August 1983. This study compares the age structure and vertical and horizontal distributions of the dominant copepods Calanoides acutus, Calanus simillimus, C. propinquus, Rhincalanus gigas, Metridia lucens and M. gerlachei. The chief physical and biological factors affecting the distributions of these species are assessed and the results are compared with those from a similar survey around the island carried out in early summer (1981/1982). The survey grid lay within the Polar Front during the winter survey, and horizontal changes in copepod abundance corresponded well to the temperature gradient across the front. This pattern was interrupted by the South Georgia shelf where the seasonal migrants (Calanoides acutus, Rhincalanus gigas and Calanus simillimus) occurred in high abundance. The concentration of these migrants over the shelf relative to the oceanic surface layer was attributed to the shelf having prevented their seasonal migration. Within the oceanic area the copepods occupied differing depths, with Calanoides acutus and Metridia gerlachei living deeper than Calanus simillimus, C. propinquus and M. lucens. The populations also tended to live deeper in the warmer (NW) portion of the oceanic survey area. In contrast to the summer survey the age structure of each species showed little variation throughout the survey area. This was attributed mainly to the decreased rates of copepod growth and metabolism in winter. More... »

PAGES

81-88

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00239152

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00239152

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028822943


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0602", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Ecology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Madingley Road, CB3 OET, Cambridge, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.478592.5", 
          "name": [
            "British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Madingley Road, CB3 OET, Cambridge, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Atkinson", 
        "givenName": "Angus", 
        "id": "sg:person.0645015072.01", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0645015072.01"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-015-7204-0_11", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036908721", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-7204-0_11"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00264723", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033159714", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00264723"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00442525", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025974300", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00442525"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00401393", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047855223", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00401393"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00264720", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042659263", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00264720"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00394210", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053557905", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00394210"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1989-11", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1989-11-01", 
    "description": "A net sampling survey was conducted around the island of South Georgia during July/August 1983. This study compares the age structure and vertical and horizontal distributions of the dominant copepods Calanoides acutus, Calanus simillimus, C. propinquus, Rhincalanus gigas, Metridia lucens and M. gerlachei. The chief physical and biological factors affecting the distributions of these species are assessed and the results are compared with those from a similar survey around the island carried out in early summer (1981/1982). The survey grid lay within the Polar Front during the winter survey, and horizontal changes in copepod abundance corresponded well to the temperature gradient across the front. This pattern was interrupted by the South Georgia shelf where the seasonal migrants (Calanoides acutus, Rhincalanus gigas and Calanus simillimus) occurred in high abundance. The concentration of these migrants over the shelf relative to the oceanic surface layer was attributed to the shelf having prevented their seasonal migration. Within the oceanic area the copepods occupied differing depths, with Calanoides acutus and Metridia gerlachei living deeper than Calanus simillimus, C. propinquus and M. lucens. The populations also tended to live deeper in the warmer (NW) portion of the oceanic survey area. In contrast to the summer survey the age structure of each species showed little variation throughout the survey area. This was attributed mainly to the decreased rates of copepod growth and metabolism in winter.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00239152", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1123873", 
        "issn": [
          "0722-4060", 
          "1432-2056"
        ], 
        "name": "Polar Biology", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "2", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "10"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "South Georgia", 
      "Calanoides acutus", 
      "South Georgia shelf", 
      "Calanus simillimus", 
      "major copepod species", 
      "age structure", 
      "copepod growth", 
      "copepod species", 
      "net sampling survey", 
      "copepods Calanoides acutus", 
      "high abundance", 
      "Rhincalanus gigas", 
      "copepod abundance", 
      "Georgia shelf", 
      "seasonal migration", 
      "species", 
      "seasonal migrants", 
      "propinquus", 
      "early summer", 
      "Metridia gerlachei", 
      "warmest portion", 
      "acutus", 
      "abundance", 
      "simillimus", 
      "winter surveys", 
      "gerlachei", 
      "little variation", 
      "islands", 
      "biological factors", 
      "Polar Front", 
      "oceanic areas", 
      "austral winter", 
      "horizontal distribution", 
      "gigas", 
      "copepods", 
      "summer", 
      "survey area", 
      "decreased rate", 
      "winter", 
      "Metridia", 
      "metabolism", 
      "Georgia", 
      "growth", 
      "sampling survey", 
      "shelf", 
      "migration", 
      "structure", 
      "distribution", 
      "population", 
      "patterns", 
      "variation", 
      "gradient", 
      "contrast", 
      "portion", 
      "migrants", 
      "area", 
      "factors", 
      "changes", 
      "concentration", 
      "survey grid", 
      "study", 
      "results", 
      "survey", 
      "rate", 
      "horizontal changes", 
      "depth", 
      "oceanic surface layer", 
      "similar survey", 
      "front", 
      "surface layer", 
      "temperature gradient", 
      "layer", 
      "grid"
    ], 
    "name": "Distribution of six major copepod species around South Georgia during an austral winter", 
    "pagination": "81-88", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1028822943"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/bf00239152"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00239152", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028822943"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-05-10T09:43", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220509/entities/gbq_results/article/article_188.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00239152"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00239152'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00239152'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00239152'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00239152'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

155 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      105 URIs      91 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00239152 schema:about anzsrc-for:06
2 anzsrc-for:0602
3 schema:author N4f0836b4670b48be8d2477f81e34ec91
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-015-7204-0_11
5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00264720
6 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00264723
7 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00394210
8 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00401393
9 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00442525
10 schema:datePublished 1989-11
11 schema:datePublishedReg 1989-11-01
12 schema:description A net sampling survey was conducted around the island of South Georgia during July/August 1983. This study compares the age structure and vertical and horizontal distributions of the dominant copepods Calanoides acutus, Calanus simillimus, C. propinquus, Rhincalanus gigas, Metridia lucens and M. gerlachei. The chief physical and biological factors affecting the distributions of these species are assessed and the results are compared with those from a similar survey around the island carried out in early summer (1981/1982). The survey grid lay within the Polar Front during the winter survey, and horizontal changes in copepod abundance corresponded well to the temperature gradient across the front. This pattern was interrupted by the South Georgia shelf where the seasonal migrants (Calanoides acutus, Rhincalanus gigas and Calanus simillimus) occurred in high abundance. The concentration of these migrants over the shelf relative to the oceanic surface layer was attributed to the shelf having prevented their seasonal migration. Within the oceanic area the copepods occupied differing depths, with Calanoides acutus and Metridia gerlachei living deeper than Calanus simillimus, C. propinquus and M. lucens. The populations also tended to live deeper in the warmer (NW) portion of the oceanic survey area. In contrast to the summer survey the age structure of each species showed little variation throughout the survey area. This was attributed mainly to the decreased rates of copepod growth and metabolism in winter.
13 schema:genre article
14 schema:inLanguage en
15 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
16 schema:isPartOf N01d62700d37f4431914fff767ce95ebb
17 N26792c7fe21d4a7fb9bbee283370aa04
18 sg:journal.1123873
19 schema:keywords Calanoides acutus
20 Calanus simillimus
21 Georgia
22 Georgia shelf
23 Metridia
24 Metridia gerlachei
25 Polar Front
26 Rhincalanus gigas
27 South Georgia
28 South Georgia shelf
29 abundance
30 acutus
31 age structure
32 area
33 austral winter
34 biological factors
35 changes
36 concentration
37 contrast
38 copepod abundance
39 copepod growth
40 copepod species
41 copepods
42 copepods Calanoides acutus
43 decreased rate
44 depth
45 distribution
46 early summer
47 factors
48 front
49 gerlachei
50 gigas
51 gradient
52 grid
53 growth
54 high abundance
55 horizontal changes
56 horizontal distribution
57 islands
58 layer
59 little variation
60 major copepod species
61 metabolism
62 migrants
63 migration
64 net sampling survey
65 oceanic areas
66 oceanic surface layer
67 patterns
68 population
69 portion
70 propinquus
71 rate
72 results
73 sampling survey
74 seasonal migrants
75 seasonal migration
76 shelf
77 similar survey
78 simillimus
79 species
80 structure
81 study
82 summer
83 surface layer
84 survey
85 survey area
86 survey grid
87 temperature gradient
88 variation
89 warmest portion
90 winter
91 winter surveys
92 schema:name Distribution of six major copepod species around South Georgia during an austral winter
93 schema:pagination 81-88
94 schema:productId N13d3c9c69e4a4531ac4c1c0477f10ed9
95 Nad2f81dfed38489c90791377ec209950
96 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028822943
97 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00239152
98 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-05-10T09:43
99 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
100 schema:sdPublisher Nc7a7bc0407844a78b497dca583de6526
101 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00239152
102 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
103 sgo:sdDataset articles
104 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
105 N01d62700d37f4431914fff767ce95ebb schema:volumeNumber 10
106 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
107 N13d3c9c69e4a4531ac4c1c0477f10ed9 schema:name dimensions_id
108 schema:value pub.1028822943
109 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
110 N26792c7fe21d4a7fb9bbee283370aa04 schema:issueNumber 2
111 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
112 N4f0836b4670b48be8d2477f81e34ec91 rdf:first sg:person.0645015072.01
113 rdf:rest rdf:nil
114 Nad2f81dfed38489c90791377ec209950 schema:name doi
115 schema:value 10.1007/bf00239152
116 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
117 Nc7a7bc0407844a78b497dca583de6526 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
118 rdf:type schema:Organization
119 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
120 schema:name Biological Sciences
121 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
122 anzsrc-for:0602 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
123 schema:name Ecology
124 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
125 sg:journal.1123873 schema:issn 0722-4060
126 1432-2056
127 schema:name Polar Biology
128 schema:publisher Springer Nature
129 rdf:type schema:Periodical
130 sg:person.0645015072.01 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.478592.5
131 schema:familyName Atkinson
132 schema:givenName Angus
133 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0645015072.01
134 rdf:type schema:Person
135 sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-015-7204-0_11 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036908721
136 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-7204-0_11
137 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
138 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00264720 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042659263
139 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00264720
140 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
141 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00264723 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033159714
142 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00264723
143 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
144 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00394210 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053557905
145 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00394210
146 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
147 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00401393 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047855223
148 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00401393
149 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
150 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00442525 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025974300
151 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00442525
152 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
153 grid-institutes:grid.478592.5 schema:alternateName British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Madingley Road, CB3 OET, Cambridge, UK
154 schema:name British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Madingley Road, CB3 OET, Cambridge, UK
155 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...