Automated analysis of rhythmicity of physiologically identified hippocampal formation neurons View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1980-01

AUTHORS

B. H. Bland, P. Andersen, T. Ganes, O. Sveen

ABSTRACT

The participation of physiologically identified hippocampal neurons in spontaneous and hypothalamically induced theta activity was studied in rabbits lightly anaesthetized with urethane. Dentate granule cells were identified by their orthodromic response to perforant path stimulation, CA1 and CA3 pyramids by antidromic activation from the alveus and Schaffer collaterals, respectively, and basket cells by their response to increasing orthodromic activation. The discharges of many hippocampal cells were grossly correlated to the pattern of slow wave activity. Few cells were spontaneously active during irregular slow wave activity. With the appearance of rhythmical slow wave activity of 4–6 Hz, the unit discharges also increased in frequency. Dentate granule cells had the lowest threshold for activation and also a longer duration of the increased discharge frequency, compared to other cell types. There was a characteristic pattern of transition for dentate granule cells and CA1 pyramidal cells from a silent to an active state. The cell discharges paralleled the changes in amplitude, regularity, and frequency of theta slow waves. Large-amplitude, high-frequency theta was correlated with rhythmic burst discharges of up to 2–3 spikes per burst. As theta amplitude and frequency decreased, the number of spikes per burst reduced until only regular single spikes occurred. When theta activity was replaced by irregular slow wave activity, the cell discharges became irregular and sometimes ceased entirely. At high levels of activation, CA1 pyramids often showed clusters of high-frequency discharges with declining amplitude (complex spikes). For each cell a cycle histogram was constructed, placing the discharges in one of 20 bins according to their time relation to the simultaneously recorded slow theta waves. In addition, by Fourier transformation of the cycle histograms, the technique allowed a quantitative description of the degree and type of rhythmicity. The analysis indicated that virtually all dentate granule cells and CA1 pyramidal cells were phaselocked to the negative portion of the theta waves recorded from the corresponding region. The cells differed in their degree of coupling, as expressed by the modulation index of their cyclic histograms. Dentate granule cells had higher modulation indices than the CA1 pyramids. There was a suggestion that basket cells and CA3 cells had smaller modulation indices, but the low number of cells recorded mitigate against any strong conclusions. The results are interpreted as corroborating earlier findings that the dentate granule region and the CA1 pyramidal region are the main generators of hippocampal theta activity. A “size principle” was proposed to explain the role of synaptic depolarizing pressure in the rhythmic activation of hippocampal neurons and the fact that small neurons (dentate granules and CA1 pyramids) were better driven than larger neurons. More... »

PAGES

205-219

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00236742

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00236742

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048977557

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7358104


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1109", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Neurosciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Animals", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Computers", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Electric Stimulation", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Electroencephalography", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Evoked Potentials", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Forelimb", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Hippocampus", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Hypothalamus", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Neural Inhibition", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Neural Pathways", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Neurons", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Rabbits", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Recruitment, Neurophysiological", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Theta Rhythm", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Touch", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Oslo", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5510.1", 
          "name": [
            "The Institute of Neurophysiology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bland", 
        "givenName": "B. H.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0713640136.73", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0713640136.73"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Oslo", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5510.1", 
          "name": [
            "The Institute of Neurophysiology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Andersen", 
        "givenName": "P.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01356024554.61", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01356024554.61"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Oslo", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5510.1", 
          "name": [
            "The Institute of Neurophysiology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ganes", 
        "givenName": "T.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01307420531.80", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01307420531.80"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Oslo", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5510.1", 
          "name": [
            "The Institute of Neurophysiology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sveen", 
        "givenName": "O.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0106024770.43", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0106024770.43"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(76)90686-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008104286"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(76)90686-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008104286"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0013-4694(60)90101-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008313860"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0013-4694(60)90101-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008313860"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00234087", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008706939", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00234087"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00234087", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008706939", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00234087"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9384(70)90134-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011126510"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9384(70)90134-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011126510"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0361-9230(78)90116-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012441915"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0361-9230(78)90116-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012441915"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0361-9230(78)90080-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013960558"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0361-9230(78)90080-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013960558"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00234414", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016048757", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00234414"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00234414", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016048757", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00234414"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(76)90687-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016167473"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(76)90687-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016167473"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(74)90298-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020154402"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(74)90298-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020154402"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0013-4694(61)90064-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021121452"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0013-4694(61)90064-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021121452"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0361-9230(76)90084-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021530166"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0361-9230(76)90084-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021530166"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(75)90195-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030539570"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.1966.tb03224.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031408906"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.1966.tb03224.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031408906"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.1960.tb01851.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033199274"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(69)90016-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033251683"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(76)90711-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035115433"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(76)90711-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035115433"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(72)90275-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035376327"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(72)90275-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035376327"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(79)90063-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035779627"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(79)90063-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035779627"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00235025", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038322696", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00235025"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00235025", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038322696", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00235025"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(68)90098-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039314628"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(68)90098-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039314628"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(76)90055-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039837900"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(73)90290-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040089448"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0013-4694(74)90171-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041009698"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0013-4694(74)90171-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041009698"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02157817", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044292864", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02157817"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02157817", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044292864", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02157817"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(78)90972-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046654581"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(78)90972-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046654581"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(75)90057-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049261765"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(75)90057-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049261765"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(75)90213-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049394947"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(73)90291-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051129809"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(71)90358-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051676756"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(71)90358-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051676756"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1954.17.6.533", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075549347"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1964.27.4.592", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076331118"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1964.27.4.608", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076331119"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1964.27.6.1011", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076350430"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1965.28.3.560", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076430012"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1152/ajplegacy.1955.181.2.219", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076469543"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080129496", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1965.28.3.599", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081374686"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1960.23.4.403", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100047336"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1980-01", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1980-01-01", 
    "description": "The participation of physiologically identified hippocampal neurons in spontaneous and hypothalamically induced theta activity was studied in rabbits lightly anaesthetized with urethane. Dentate granule cells were identified by their orthodromic response to perforant path stimulation, CA1 and CA3 pyramids by antidromic activation from the alveus and Schaffer collaterals, respectively, and basket cells by their response to increasing orthodromic activation. The discharges of many hippocampal cells were grossly correlated to the pattern of slow wave activity. Few cells were spontaneously active during irregular slow wave activity. With the appearance of rhythmical slow wave activity of 4\u20136 Hz, the unit discharges also increased in frequency. Dentate granule cells had the lowest threshold for activation and also a longer duration of the increased discharge frequency, compared to other cell types. There was a characteristic pattern of transition for dentate granule cells and CA1 pyramidal cells from a silent to an active state. The cell discharges paralleled the changes in amplitude, regularity, and frequency of theta slow waves. Large-amplitude, high-frequency theta was correlated with rhythmic burst discharges of up to 2\u20133 spikes per burst. As theta amplitude and frequency decreased, the number of spikes per burst reduced until only regular single spikes occurred. When theta activity was replaced by irregular slow wave activity, the cell discharges became irregular and sometimes ceased entirely. At high levels of activation, CA1 pyramids often showed clusters of high-frequency discharges with declining amplitude (complex spikes). For each cell a cycle histogram was constructed, placing the discharges in one of 20 bins according to their time relation to the simultaneously recorded slow theta waves. In addition, by Fourier transformation of the cycle histograms, the technique allowed a quantitative description of the degree and type of rhythmicity. The analysis indicated that virtually all dentate granule cells and CA1 pyramidal cells were phaselocked to the negative portion of the theta waves recorded from the corresponding region. The cells differed in their degree of coupling, as expressed by the modulation index of their cyclic histograms. Dentate granule cells had higher modulation indices than the CA1 pyramids. There was a suggestion that basket cells and CA3 cells had smaller modulation indices, but the low number of cells recorded mitigate against any strong conclusions. The results are interpreted as corroborating earlier findings that the dentate granule region and the CA1 pyramidal region are the main generators of hippocampal theta activity. A \u201csize principle\u201d was proposed to explain the role of synaptic depolarizing pressure in the rhythmic activation of hippocampal neurons and the fact that small neurons (dentate granules and CA1 pyramids) were better driven than larger neurons.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00236742", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1005581", 
        "issn": [
          "0014-4819", 
          "1432-1106"
        ], 
        "name": "Experimental Brain Research", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "2", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "38"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Automated analysis of rhythmicity of physiologically identified hippocampal formation neurons", 
    "pagination": "205-219", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "e9524a8f1e7d2956a7edc7c7936411c5d9c899c1edf221cc5156b55413c143be"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "7358104"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0043312"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/bf00236742"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1048977557"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00236742", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048977557"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T13:57", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000371_0000000371/records_130817_00000004.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2FBF00236742"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00236742'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00236742'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00236742'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00236742'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

267 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      82 URIs      36 LITERALS      24 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00236742 schema:about N00e3e6c8641b47d1bad8fc07b4527b3e
2 N1de960caf539466cba7ae36b9f11c566
3 N2cca2ae8e447479499b764152c46e97c
4 N36bc1b54c1614644ad1ae75f23a12760
5 N38a5606102b744489ab9b6c2341718c5
6 N61b3778c65e6473eba4661002f225e42
7 N692f7566361a4a2f894be579fe4b68d6
8 N7dc3c8fcbd7b4c1091dd87ead76b09d6
9 Na64e9ef568884a3c8aab4ceb926b0c4b
10 Nb0197f07fbf54279add0516dcb49c769
11 Nb2c707361bab4c1e8868b64044d9f3f8
12 Nb91c83e16f8649c284dfc230001eea4a
13 Nbdb6ff8fb86c40f7b18b9a31c90b59aa
14 Ne5bbb900771b4ff2bebfe0190e28296c
15 Ne8c74fdd477341c8b9346b88981c2a82
16 anzsrc-for:11
17 anzsrc-for:1109
18 schema:author N6bfccab68a6c4cc484b74483073dca9a
19 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00234087
20 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00234414
21 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00235025
22 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02157817
23 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080129496
24 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(68)90098-x
25 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(71)90358-1
26 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(72)90275-2
27 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(74)90298-4
28 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(75)90057-8
29 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(76)90686-7
30 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(76)90687-9
31 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(76)90711-3
32 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(78)90972-1
33 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(79)90063-5
34 https://doi.org/10.1016/0013-4694(60)90101-2
35 https://doi.org/10.1016/0013-4694(61)90064-5
36 https://doi.org/10.1016/0013-4694(74)90171-0
37 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(69)90016-8
38 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(73)90290-2
39 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(73)90291-4
40 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(75)90195-8
41 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(75)90213-7
42 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(76)90055-8
43 https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9384(70)90134-4
44 https://doi.org/10.1016/0361-9230(76)90084-8
45 https://doi.org/10.1016/0361-9230(78)90080-1
46 https://doi.org/10.1016/0361-9230(78)90116-8
47 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.1960.tb01851.x
48 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.1966.tb03224.x
49 https://doi.org/10.1152/ajplegacy.1955.181.2.219
50 https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1954.17.6.533
51 https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1960.23.4.403
52 https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1964.27.4.592
53 https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1964.27.4.608
54 https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1964.27.6.1011
55 https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1965.28.3.560
56 https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1965.28.3.599
57 schema:datePublished 1980-01
58 schema:datePublishedReg 1980-01-01
59 schema:description The participation of physiologically identified hippocampal neurons in spontaneous and hypothalamically induced theta activity was studied in rabbits lightly anaesthetized with urethane. Dentate granule cells were identified by their orthodromic response to perforant path stimulation, CA1 and CA3 pyramids by antidromic activation from the alveus and Schaffer collaterals, respectively, and basket cells by their response to increasing orthodromic activation. The discharges of many hippocampal cells were grossly correlated to the pattern of slow wave activity. Few cells were spontaneously active during irregular slow wave activity. With the appearance of rhythmical slow wave activity of 4–6 Hz, the unit discharges also increased in frequency. Dentate granule cells had the lowest threshold for activation and also a longer duration of the increased discharge frequency, compared to other cell types. There was a characteristic pattern of transition for dentate granule cells and CA1 pyramidal cells from a silent to an active state. The cell discharges paralleled the changes in amplitude, regularity, and frequency of theta slow waves. Large-amplitude, high-frequency theta was correlated with rhythmic burst discharges of up to 2–3 spikes per burst. As theta amplitude and frequency decreased, the number of spikes per burst reduced until only regular single spikes occurred. When theta activity was replaced by irregular slow wave activity, the cell discharges became irregular and sometimes ceased entirely. At high levels of activation, CA1 pyramids often showed clusters of high-frequency discharges with declining amplitude (complex spikes). For each cell a cycle histogram was constructed, placing the discharges in one of 20 bins according to their time relation to the simultaneously recorded slow theta waves. In addition, by Fourier transformation of the cycle histograms, the technique allowed a quantitative description of the degree and type of rhythmicity. The analysis indicated that virtually all dentate granule cells and CA1 pyramidal cells were phaselocked to the negative portion of the theta waves recorded from the corresponding region. The cells differed in their degree of coupling, as expressed by the modulation index of their cyclic histograms. Dentate granule cells had higher modulation indices than the CA1 pyramids. There was a suggestion that basket cells and CA3 cells had smaller modulation indices, but the low number of cells recorded mitigate against any strong conclusions. The results are interpreted as corroborating earlier findings that the dentate granule region and the CA1 pyramidal region are the main generators of hippocampal theta activity. A “size principle” was proposed to explain the role of synaptic depolarizing pressure in the rhythmic activation of hippocampal neurons and the fact that small neurons (dentate granules and CA1 pyramids) were better driven than larger neurons.
60 schema:genre research_article
61 schema:inLanguage en
62 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
63 schema:isPartOf N504d0d9df40545939d1c7323a9b0a4ad
64 Ncea80682a8214020a7c18d78cafc0d1e
65 sg:journal.1005581
66 schema:name Automated analysis of rhythmicity of physiologically identified hippocampal formation neurons
67 schema:pagination 205-219
68 schema:productId N06b2f3c270d54fcaae07a4355167e2e8
69 N25a8d3a617ec4641ab019f5ada87e000
70 N47ee71de81bd4ca2879db5f5388171e2
71 N71e07d0aa2ac4b79aadfbed614a2a4c0
72 Ndc75bd2c40934b489526b147b4b665c8
73 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048977557
74 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00236742
75 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T13:57
76 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
77 schema:sdPublisher Naf986d70169f450a945cb96cea5c7cb3
78 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2FBF00236742
79 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
80 sgo:sdDataset articles
81 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
82 N00e3e6c8641b47d1bad8fc07b4527b3e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
83 schema:name Rabbits
84 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
85 N06b2f3c270d54fcaae07a4355167e2e8 schema:name doi
86 schema:value 10.1007/bf00236742
87 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
88 N1de960caf539466cba7ae36b9f11c566 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
89 schema:name Neural Inhibition
90 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
91 N25a8d3a617ec4641ab019f5ada87e000 schema:name nlm_unique_id
92 schema:value 0043312
93 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
94 N2cca2ae8e447479499b764152c46e97c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
95 schema:name Recruitment, Neurophysiological
96 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
97 N36bc1b54c1614644ad1ae75f23a12760 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
98 schema:name Touch
99 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
100 N38a5606102b744489ab9b6c2341718c5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
101 schema:name Neurons
102 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
103 N47ee71de81bd4ca2879db5f5388171e2 schema:name readcube_id
104 schema:value e9524a8f1e7d2956a7edc7c7936411c5d9c899c1edf221cc5156b55413c143be
105 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
106 N504d0d9df40545939d1c7323a9b0a4ad schema:issueNumber 2
107 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
108 N61b3778c65e6473eba4661002f225e42 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
109 schema:name Computers
110 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
111 N692f7566361a4a2f894be579fe4b68d6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
112 schema:name Hippocampus
113 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
114 N6bfccab68a6c4cc484b74483073dca9a rdf:first sg:person.0713640136.73
115 rdf:rest Na734ce8f6f074f40bf7447cb604bd5d0
116 N71e07d0aa2ac4b79aadfbed614a2a4c0 schema:name pubmed_id
117 schema:value 7358104
118 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
119 N7dc3c8fcbd7b4c1091dd87ead76b09d6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
120 schema:name Animals
121 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
122 Na64e9ef568884a3c8aab4ceb926b0c4b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
123 schema:name Electric Stimulation
124 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
125 Na734ce8f6f074f40bf7447cb604bd5d0 rdf:first sg:person.01356024554.61
126 rdf:rest Nc0ca37f653b54076983fe01103e0e3a9
127 Naf986d70169f450a945cb96cea5c7cb3 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
128 rdf:type schema:Organization
129 Nb0197f07fbf54279add0516dcb49c769 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
130 schema:name Theta Rhythm
131 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
132 Nb2c707361bab4c1e8868b64044d9f3f8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
133 schema:name Hypothalamus
134 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
135 Nb91c83e16f8649c284dfc230001eea4a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
136 schema:name Evoked Potentials
137 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
138 Nbdb6ff8fb86c40f7b18b9a31c90b59aa schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
139 schema:name Forelimb
140 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
141 Nc0ca37f653b54076983fe01103e0e3a9 rdf:first sg:person.01307420531.80
142 rdf:rest Nf90035d2fe13437fa4d90bf27266e848
143 Ncea80682a8214020a7c18d78cafc0d1e schema:volumeNumber 38
144 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
145 Ndc75bd2c40934b489526b147b4b665c8 schema:name dimensions_id
146 schema:value pub.1048977557
147 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
148 Ne5bbb900771b4ff2bebfe0190e28296c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
149 schema:name Neural Pathways
150 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
151 Ne8c74fdd477341c8b9346b88981c2a82 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
152 schema:name Electroencephalography
153 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
154 Nf90035d2fe13437fa4d90bf27266e848 rdf:first sg:person.0106024770.43
155 rdf:rest rdf:nil
156 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
157 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
158 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
159 anzsrc-for:1109 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
160 schema:name Neurosciences
161 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
162 sg:journal.1005581 schema:issn 0014-4819
163 1432-1106
164 schema:name Experimental Brain Research
165 rdf:type schema:Periodical
166 sg:person.0106024770.43 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5510.1
167 schema:familyName Sveen
168 schema:givenName O.
169 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0106024770.43
170 rdf:type schema:Person
171 sg:person.01307420531.80 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5510.1
172 schema:familyName Ganes
173 schema:givenName T.
174 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01307420531.80
175 rdf:type schema:Person
176 sg:person.01356024554.61 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5510.1
177 schema:familyName Andersen
178 schema:givenName P.
179 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01356024554.61
180 rdf:type schema:Person
181 sg:person.0713640136.73 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5510.1
182 schema:familyName Bland
183 schema:givenName B. H.
184 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0713640136.73
185 rdf:type schema:Person
186 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00234087 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008706939
187 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00234087
188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
189 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00234414 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016048757
190 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00234414
191 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
192 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00235025 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038322696
193 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00235025
194 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
195 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02157817 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044292864
196 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02157817
197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
198 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080129496 schema:CreativeWork
199 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(68)90098-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039314628
200 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
201 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(71)90358-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051676756
202 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
203 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(72)90275-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035376327
204 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
205 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(74)90298-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020154402
206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
207 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(75)90057-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049261765
208 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
209 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(76)90686-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008104286
210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
211 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(76)90687-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016167473
212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
213 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(76)90711-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035115433
214 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
215 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(78)90972-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046654581
216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
217 https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(79)90063-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035779627
218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
219 https://doi.org/10.1016/0013-4694(60)90101-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008313860
220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
221 https://doi.org/10.1016/0013-4694(61)90064-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021121452
222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
223 https://doi.org/10.1016/0013-4694(74)90171-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041009698
224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
225 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(69)90016-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033251683
226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
227 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(73)90290-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040089448
228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
229 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(73)90291-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051129809
230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
231 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(75)90195-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030539570
232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
233 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(75)90213-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049394947
234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
235 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(76)90055-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039837900
236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
237 https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9384(70)90134-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011126510
238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
239 https://doi.org/10.1016/0361-9230(76)90084-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021530166
240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
241 https://doi.org/10.1016/0361-9230(78)90080-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013960558
242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
243 https://doi.org/10.1016/0361-9230(78)90116-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012441915
244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
245 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.1960.tb01851.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033199274
246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
247 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.1966.tb03224.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031408906
248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
249 https://doi.org/10.1152/ajplegacy.1955.181.2.219 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076469543
250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
251 https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1954.17.6.533 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075549347
252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
253 https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1960.23.4.403 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100047336
254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
255 https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1964.27.4.592 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076331118
256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
257 https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1964.27.4.608 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076331119
258 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
259 https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1964.27.6.1011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076350430
260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
261 https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1965.28.3.560 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076430012
262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
263 https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1965.28.3.599 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081374686
264 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
265 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5510.1 schema:alternateName University of Oslo
266 schema:name The Institute of Neurophysiology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
267 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...