Cerebral potentials and leg muscle e.m.g. responses associated with stance perturbation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1985-01

AUTHORS

V. Dietz, J. Quintern, W. Berger, E. Schenck

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the neuronal mechanisms underlying the compensatory movements following stance disturbance, leg muscle e.m.g. responses and cerebral potentials evoked by a treadmill acceleration impulse were analysed. It was found that the displacement was followed by a cerebral potential of a latency of 40-45 ms and EMG responses in the calf muscles at a latency of 65-70 ms. The e.m.g. responses represented specific compensatory reactions to the mode of perturbation (with a gastrocnemius activation following positive acceleration but a tibialis ant. activation following negative acceleration). The cerebral potentials, however, showed a common pattern to both conditions. In addition, the leg muscle e.m.g. reactions were not altered by learning effects and by forewarning of displacement onset, while the amplitude of the cerebral potentials was significantly smaller in these conditions compared to those produced in response to randomly induced perturbations. It was therefore concluded that the leg muscle e.m.g. reactions are mediated by a polysynaptic spinal reflex pathway which depends on a supraspinal control. The cerebral potentials seem to represent afferent signals which can be supposed to be subjected to modification and processing by supraspinal motor centres, according to the actual requirements. More... »

PAGES

348-354

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1980-06. Somatosensible Leitungsmessungen bei neurologischen Systemerkrankungen in EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00236540

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00236540

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042182265

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3972035


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