Promotion of plantlet formation from somatic embryos of carrot treated with a high molecular weight extract from a marine cyanobacterium View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1992-03

AUTHORS

Hitoshi Wake, Akinobu Akasaka, Hironori Umetsu, Yoshihiro Ozeki, Koichiro Shimomura, Tadashi Matsunaga

ABSTRACT

Somatic embryos of Daucus carota L. developed into plantlets at high frequency after addition of an extract from a marine cyanobacterium, Synechococcus sp. NKBG 042902. High molecular weight, nondialyzing fraction, separated from the extract, possessed enhanced plantlet formation promoting activity. Plantlet formation frequency was 60 % after addition of nondialysate (100 mg/l) compared to 28 % without addition. Embryos treated with the nondialysate contained five times more chlorophyll than nontreated embryos after 6 days of culture. The chlorophyll a/b ratio of 4-day old treated somatic embryos was found to be similar to that of zygotic embryos. However, the chlorophyll a/b ratio of plantlets induced from nontreated somatic embryos was variable. Nondialysate was fractionated by ultracentrifugation and an active component obtained, which gave a maximum plantlet formation frequency of 71 %, and induced rapid greening of shoots. More... »

PAGES

62-65

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00235254

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00235254

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046015376

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24213486


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