Transformation of pickling cucumber with chitinase-encoding genes using Agrobacterium tumefaciens View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1996-04

AUTHORS

S. H. T. Raharjo, M. O. Hernandez, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. K. Punja

ABSTRACT

Transformation of cucumber cv. Endeavor was attempted using three Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains (a supervirulent leucinopine type, an octopine type and a nopaline type), each harbouring one of three binary vectors which contained an acidic chitinase gene from petunia, and basic chitinase genes from tobacco and bean, respectively, driven by the CaMV 35S promoter. Petiole explants were inoculated with a bacterial suspension (108 cells·ml−1), cocultivated for 48–96 h and placed on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium with 5.0 μM each of 2,4-D and BA, 50 mg·l−1 kanamycin and 500 mg·l−1 carbenicillin. The frequency of embryogenic callus formation ranged from 0 to 12%, depending on strains/vectors used and length of cocultivation, with the highest being obtained using the leucinopine strain with petunia acidic chitinase gene. The kanamycin-resistant embryogenic calli were used to initiate suspension cultures (in liquid MS medium with 1.0/1.0 μM 2,4-D/BA, 50 mg·l−1 kanamycin) for multiplication of embryogenic cell aggregates. Upon plating of cell aggregates onto solid MS medium with 1.0/1.0 μM NAA/BA and 50 mg·l−1 kanamycin, calli continued to grow and later differentiated into plantlets. Transformation by the leucinopine strain and all three vectors was confirmed by PCR amplification of the NPT II gene in transgenic calli and plants, in addition to Southern analysis. Expression of the acidic chitinase gene (from petunia) and both basic chitinase genes (from tobacco and bean) in different transgenic cucumber lines was confirmed by Western analyses. More... »

PAGES

591-596

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00232459

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00232459

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047168538

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24178524


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