The contribution of sulfate to rainfall pH around Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1990-08

AUTHORS

B. Z. Siegel, Marlene Nachbar-Hapai, S. M. Siegel

ABSTRACT

Between December 1986 and June 1987, the mean pH of rainfall downwind of the Kilauea main vent was found to be 4.5 (range 4.0 to 5.6), 1.2 units higher than the year before (1985-86), although 84% of the 12 sequential samples fell below pH 5.0. The SO4 content, however, was 34% higher, averaging 18.5 mg L−1. Upwind, in open forest the mean pH 4.7 was little changed from that measured before. Mean SO4, however, has fallen to a low of 2.5 mg L−1, but, more significantly, in 9 out of 12 sequential samples S04 was not detectable at all (i.e. < 0.5 mg L−1). The calculated pH, assuming 100% H2SO4 would be 5.3 yet 58% of these samples fell below pH 5.0, the lowest being 4.0. Disparities between pH measured and calculated on the basis of SO4 content indicated that other acid species were present in the precipitation. Oxidation of rain samples with H2O2 greatly increased SO4 content and lowered pH downwind, but failed in most samples to alter either parameter in the upwind collections. These observations, together with the elimination of HCl and N03 by others, suggested that SO2 contributes significantly to acidity downwind, but that in most upwind samples a source of H+ other than mineral acids, presumably organic compounds, must be of major importance. More... »

PAGES

227-235

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00229435

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00229435

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042744650


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0399", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Other Chemical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/03", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Chemical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Hawaii System", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.162346.4", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Hawaii (Manna), 96822, Honolulu, HI, U.S.A."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Siegel", 
        "givenName": "B. Z.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01031251435.73", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01031251435.73"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Hawaii at Hilo", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266426.2", 
          "name": [
            "Natural Science Division, University of Hawaii (Hilo), 96720, Hilo, HI, U.S.A."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nachbar-Hapai", 
        "givenName": "Marlene", 
        "id": "sg:person.010216013071.24", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010216013071.24"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Hawaii System", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.162346.4", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Botany, College of Natural Sciences, University of Hawaii (Manna), 96822, Honolulu, HI, U. S. A."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Siegel", 
        "givenName": "S. M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012306437412.61", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012306437412.61"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01056191", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022934898", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01056191"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/jc087ic02p01225", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038264957"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00305171", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045846575", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00305171"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00305171", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045846575", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00305171"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es00160a001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055491641"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.212.4498.1014", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062523119"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.221.4606.115", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062527272"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.228.4698.390", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062530123"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.230.4725.566", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062531476"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.238.4824.141", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062534772"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00279197", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085173483", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00279197"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00156725", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085592634", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00156725"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00279195", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085911029", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00279195"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1990-08", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1990-08-01", 
    "description": "Between December 1986 and June 1987, the mean pH of rainfall downwind of the Kilauea main vent was found to be 4.5 (range 4.0 to 5.6), 1.2 units higher than the year before (1985-86), although 84% of the 12 sequential samples fell below pH 5.0. The SO4 content, however, was 34% higher, averaging 18.5 mg L\u22121. Upwind, in open forest the mean pH 4.7 was little changed from that measured before. Mean SO4, however, has fallen to a low of 2.5 mg L\u22121, but, more significantly, in 9 out of 12 sequential samples S04 was not detectable at all (i.e. < 0.5 mg L\u22121). The calculated pH, assuming 100% H2SO4 would be 5.3 yet 58% of these samples fell below pH 5.0, the lowest being 4.0. Disparities between pH measured and calculated on the basis of SO4 content indicated that other acid species were present in the precipitation. Oxidation of rain samples with H2O2 greatly increased SO4 content and lowered pH downwind, but failed in most samples to alter either parameter in the upwind collections. These observations, together with the elimination of HCl and N03 by others, suggested that SO2 contributes significantly to acidity downwind, but that in most upwind samples a source of H+ other than mineral acids, presumably organic compounds, must be of major importance.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00229435", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1320065", 
        "issn": [
          "0049-6979", 
          "1573-2932"
        ], 
        "name": "Water, Air, & Soil Pollution", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "3-4", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "52"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "The contribution of sulfate to rainfall pH around Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii", 
    "pagination": "227-235", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/bf00229435"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "cb9c6f41c4eb468636c7ea0500974fca5f2023c09cc7b1daeb4da31dca5bd614"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1042744650"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00229435", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042744650"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T08:59", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000375_0000000375/records_91433_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2FBF00229435"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00229435'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00229435'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00229435'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00229435'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

120 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      39 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00229435 schema:about anzsrc-for:03
2 anzsrc-for:0399
3 schema:author N4388c8e93a7742c5a9e5268ee7980d95
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00156725
5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00279195
6 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00279197
7 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00305171
8 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01056191
9 https://doi.org/10.1021/es00160a001
10 https://doi.org/10.1029/jc087ic02p01225
11 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.212.4498.1014
12 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.221.4606.115
13 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.228.4698.390
14 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.230.4725.566
15 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.238.4824.141
16 schema:datePublished 1990-08
17 schema:datePublishedReg 1990-08-01
18 schema:description Between December 1986 and June 1987, the mean pH of rainfall downwind of the Kilauea main vent was found to be 4.5 (range 4.0 to 5.6), 1.2 units higher than the year before (1985-86), although 84% of the 12 sequential samples fell below pH 5.0. The SO4 content, however, was 34% higher, averaging 18.5 mg L−1. Upwind, in open forest the mean pH 4.7 was little changed from that measured before. Mean SO4, however, has fallen to a low of 2.5 mg L−1, but, more significantly, in 9 out of 12 sequential samples S04 was not detectable at all (i.e. < 0.5 mg L−1). The calculated pH, assuming 100% H2SO4 would be 5.3 yet 58% of these samples fell below pH 5.0, the lowest being 4.0. Disparities between pH measured and calculated on the basis of SO4 content indicated that other acid species were present in the precipitation. Oxidation of rain samples with H2O2 greatly increased SO4 content and lowered pH downwind, but failed in most samples to alter either parameter in the upwind collections. These observations, together with the elimination of HCl and N03 by others, suggested that SO2 contributes significantly to acidity downwind, but that in most upwind samples a source of H+ other than mineral acids, presumably organic compounds, must be of major importance.
19 schema:genre research_article
20 schema:inLanguage en
21 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
22 schema:isPartOf N86edcd6cc7484be89c4f578ab669a771
23 Nf3d506ee4e6b42eeb94741ef0e28e7cc
24 sg:journal.1320065
25 schema:name The contribution of sulfate to rainfall pH around Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii
26 schema:pagination 227-235
27 schema:productId N43af3ec28533414d8724a62e1bfbc4b5
28 N50e80a19f8ac48cb8de3dce384b8904e
29 Nc917614621514e169f815f0a512ad1d0
30 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042744650
31 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00229435
32 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T08:59
33 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
34 schema:sdPublisher Nae8cc62108974bc5b0333f0d889f7e10
35 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2FBF00229435
36 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
37 sgo:sdDataset articles
38 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
39 N0ad0edfee886442a869e032804f89678 rdf:first sg:person.012306437412.61
40 rdf:rest rdf:nil
41 N4388c8e93a7742c5a9e5268ee7980d95 rdf:first sg:person.01031251435.73
42 rdf:rest Nb16361e4c7e34eb791f1c3608c5b58ed
43 N43af3ec28533414d8724a62e1bfbc4b5 schema:name readcube_id
44 schema:value cb9c6f41c4eb468636c7ea0500974fca5f2023c09cc7b1daeb4da31dca5bd614
45 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
46 N50e80a19f8ac48cb8de3dce384b8904e schema:name dimensions_id
47 schema:value pub.1042744650
48 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
49 N86edcd6cc7484be89c4f578ab669a771 schema:issueNumber 3-4
50 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
51 Nae8cc62108974bc5b0333f0d889f7e10 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
52 rdf:type schema:Organization
53 Nb16361e4c7e34eb791f1c3608c5b58ed rdf:first sg:person.010216013071.24
54 rdf:rest N0ad0edfee886442a869e032804f89678
55 Nc917614621514e169f815f0a512ad1d0 schema:name doi
56 schema:value 10.1007/bf00229435
57 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
58 Nf3d506ee4e6b42eeb94741ef0e28e7cc schema:volumeNumber 52
59 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
60 anzsrc-for:03 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
61 schema:name Chemical Sciences
62 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
63 anzsrc-for:0399 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
64 schema:name Other Chemical Sciences
65 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
66 sg:journal.1320065 schema:issn 0049-6979
67 1573-2932
68 schema:name Water, Air, & Soil Pollution
69 rdf:type schema:Periodical
70 sg:person.010216013071.24 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266426.2
71 schema:familyName Nachbar-Hapai
72 schema:givenName Marlene
73 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010216013071.24
74 rdf:type schema:Person
75 sg:person.01031251435.73 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.162346.4
76 schema:familyName Siegel
77 schema:givenName B. Z.
78 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01031251435.73
79 rdf:type schema:Person
80 sg:person.012306437412.61 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.162346.4
81 schema:familyName Siegel
82 schema:givenName S. M.
83 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012306437412.61
84 rdf:type schema:Person
85 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00156725 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085592634
86 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00156725
87 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
88 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00279195 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085911029
89 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00279195
90 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
91 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00279197 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085173483
92 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00279197
93 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
94 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00305171 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045846575
95 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00305171
96 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
97 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01056191 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022934898
98 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01056191
99 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
100 https://doi.org/10.1021/es00160a001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055491641
101 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
102 https://doi.org/10.1029/jc087ic02p01225 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038264957
103 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
104 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.212.4498.1014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062523119
105 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
106 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.221.4606.115 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062527272
107 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
108 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.228.4698.390 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062530123
109 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
110 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.230.4725.566 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062531476
111 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
112 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.238.4824.141 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062534772
113 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
114 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.162346.4 schema:alternateName University of Hawaii System
115 schema:name Department of Botany, College of Natural Sciences, University of Hawaii (Manna), 96822, Honolulu, HI, U. S. A.
116 Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Hawaii (Manna), 96822, Honolulu, HI, U.S.A.
117 rdf:type schema:Organization
118 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266426.2 schema:alternateName University of Hawaii at Hilo
119 schema:name Natural Science Division, University of Hawaii (Hilo), 96720, Hilo, HI, U.S.A.
120 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...