Postnatal X-ray irradiation effects on glomerular layer of rat olfactory bulb: quantitative and immunocytochemical analysis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1992-01

AUTHORS

K. Kosaka, K. Taomoto, I. Nagatsu, C. W. Heizmann, W. Hunziker, T. Kosaka

ABSTRACT

In the rat olfactory bulb, the majority of interneurons in the glomerular layer (GL) are supposed to be generated during first postnatal week. Low and repeated doses of X-rays (200 rad x 4 and 200 rad x 6) were used during this period to impair the development of interneurons. The resulting effects of olfactory bulb neurons were examined stereologically and immunocytochemically in animals of 4 and 12 weeks of age. Quantitative analysis showed that, 1) the volume of the GL decreased to 55% (1200 rad) - 70% (800 rad) of control, 2) numerical cell densities in GL decreased to 40% (1200 rad) - 60% (800 rad) of control, thus resulting in 3) a decrease of the total cell number in GL to 20% (1200 rad) - 40% (800 rad) of control in irradiated olfactory bulbs of animals 4 weeks old. In comparison, mitral cells, which are generated prenatally, were much less affected (total cell number: 70-80% of control), indicating a selective loss of cells generated during the first postnatal week in GL. Effects on somata and processes immunoreactive for GABA, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), calbindin D-28K and parvalbumin (PV) were examined in irradiated bulbs of both 4 and 12 week-old rats. All of these immunoreactive elements showed a drastic decrease in all layers. Semiquantitative analysis showed that in the GL, calbindin D-28K immunoreactive (calbindin D-28K(+)) neurons decreased more extensively than TH immunoreactive (TH(+)) and GABA-like immunoreactive (GABA(+)) neurons; that is, TH(+) and GABA(+) neurons decreased to 20% (1200 rad) - 40% (800 rad) of control, whereas calbindin D-28K(+) neurons decreased to 10% (1200 rad) - 30% (800 rad) of control in the GL of irradiated bulbs. These findings indicated that larger proportions of calbindin D-28K(+) neurons might be generated during the first postnatal week than those of GABA(+) and TH(+) neurons. Furthermore, in irradiated bulbs the proportion of GABA(-)TH(+) cells in TH(+) cells increased to about twice of control, and the estimated total numbers of GABA(-)TH(+) cells in irradiated rats were 95% (800 rad) and 40% (1200 rad) of control. These observations suggest that the majority of GABA(-)TH(+) neurons were less affected by X-ray irradiation during the first postnatal week and thus that they might be generated in the prenatal period. Since during the first 2 postnatal weeks, neurons showing GABA(-)TH(+) were not seen in GL (Kosaka et al. 1987a), the majority of GABA(-)TH(+) neurons in adult olfactory bulb were assumed to change their phenotype at some postnatal developmental period. More... »

PAGES

103-115

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00229261

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00229261

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034878445

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1355742


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