Microglial reactions to retrograde degeneration of tracer-identified thalamic neurons after frontal sensorimotor cortex lesions in adult rats View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1996-11

AUTHORS

J. C. Sørensen, I. Dalmau, J. Zimmer, B. Finsen

ABSTRACT

Thalamic neuronal degeneration after neocortical lesions involve both anterograde and retrograde components. This study deals with the thalamic microglial response after neocortical aspiration lesions, using fluorogold fluorescent prelabeling, to identify retrogradely degenerating thalamocortical neurons, combined with histochemical or immunohistochemical staining of microglial cells. Adult male Wistar rats were injected with the retrograde fluorescent tracer fluorogold, in the right sensorimotor cortex (forepaw area) in order to retrogradely label thalamic neurons projecting to this area. After 1 week, the fluorogold injection site was removed by aspiration, axotomizing at the same time the thalamic projection neurons now retrogradely labeled with fluorogold. After 3, 7, 14, and 28 days the animals were killed and processed for nucleoside diphosphatase histochemistry or complement type 3 receptor immuno-histochemistry and class I and II major histocompatibility complex immunohistochemistry using OX42, OX18, and OX6 antibodies. The histological analysis showed a prominent and progressive nucleoside diphosphatase-, OX42-, and OX6-positive microglial cell response in the ventrolateral, posterior, and ventrobasal thalamic nuclei with ongoing retrograde and anterograde neuronal degeneration. Initially the reactive microglia had a bushy morphology and were succeeded by ameboid microglia and microglial cluster cells as the reaction progressed. However, in the reticular thalamic nucleus, which suffered exclusively anterograde neuronal degeneration, a different picture was seen with only bushy microglia. The neurons undergoing retrograde degeneration in the ventrolateral, posterior, and ventrobasal thalamic nuclei were retrogradely labeled by the fluorogold tracer. Individual nucleoside diphosphatase-, OX42-, or OX6-positive microglial cells extended long cytoplasmic processes surrounding fluorogold-labeled neurons and had in some cases apparently phagocytized these. Several microglial cells were thus double-labeled with nucleoside diphosphatase or OX42 and fluorogold. In addition, small nucleoside diphosphatase-positive, fluorogold-labeled perivascular cells were observed in the neocortex near the fluorogold-injected and ablated neocortical areas and in the ipsilateral thalamus. This study demonstrates: (1) that the microglial response to thalamic degeneration after neocortical lesion is graded with a limited reaction to the well-known massive anterograde axonal degeneration and a more extended reaction to the axotomy-induced retrograde cell death; and (2) that also perivascular cells and possibly macrophages may contribute to this reaction, as seen by uptake of fluorogold from axotomized neurons in the degenerating thalamic nuclei. More... »

PAGES

203-212

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00227639

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00227639

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018783876

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8951389


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