Total solar irradiance measurements by ERB/Nimbus-7. A review of nine years View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1988-09

AUTHORS

John R. Hickey, Bradley M. Alton, H. Lee Kyle, Douglas Hoyt

ABSTRACT

The advent of reliable extraterrestrial solar irradiance measurements from satellites has supplied the impetus for new research in solar physics and solar-terrestrial relationships. The records for the principal experiments now extend beyond nine years. The Nimbus-7 measurements began in November 1978 and the Solar Maximum Mission (SMM) results started in February 1980. Both the ERB experiment of Nimbus-7 and the ACRIM experiment of SMM are still operational as of this writing (June 1988). We describe the nine-year Nimbus-7 total solar irradiance data set and compare it with similar data sets from the SMM and other satellite solar monitoring programs. Long-term downward trends of less than 0.02 % per year had been noted during the decaying portion of solar cycle 21 with indications that a leveling off and possible reversal of the trend was being experienced as we enter the new cycle. It had been demonstrated that fluctuations in the data over shorter periods corresponded to solar activity, from a primary discovery of irradiance depletions in times of building large sunspot groups to more subtle effects on the scale of solar rotation. Studies of the frequency spectra of the measurements have advanced the interest in helioseismology or mode analysis. Studies of photospheric activity have advanced by modelling of the sunspot blocking and photospheric brightening versus the measured irradiance. The theories are being extended to longer time-scales which indicate that solar irradiance is higher near solar cycle maximum, as defined by activity, and somewhat lower during the period between cycles. While measurements of total solar irradiance, the solar constant, alone cannot be employed to answer all of the questions of solar physics or helioclimatology, these long-term, high-precision data sets are valuable to both disciplines. The continuation of such measurements to more meaningful, longer time-scales should have a high priority in the international space community. More... »

PAGES

321-334

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00226011

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00226011

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046350748


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/02", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Physical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0202", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Atomic, Molecular, Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "The Eppley Laboratory Inc., Box 419, 02840, Newport, RI, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.505373.7", 
          "name": [
            "The Eppley Laboratory Inc., Box 419, 02840, Newport, RI, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hickey", 
        "givenName": "John R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.07517153323.89", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07517153323.89"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "The Eppley Laboratory Inc., Box 419, 02840, Newport, RI, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.505373.7", 
          "name": [
            "The Eppley Laboratory Inc., Box 419, 02840, Newport, RI, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Alton", 
        "givenName": "Bradley M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015464156772.12", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015464156772.12"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 20771, Greenbelt, MD, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.133275.1", 
          "name": [
            "NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 20771, Greenbelt, MD, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kyle", 
        "givenName": "H. Lee", 
        "id": "sg:person.014172751725.82", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014172751725.82"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Research and Data Systems, 20706, Lanham, MD, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Research and Data Systems, 20706, Lanham, MD, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hoyt", 
        "givenName": "Douglas", 
        "id": "sg:person.015115425567.33", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015115425567.33"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00167395", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017217392", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00167395"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00152976", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041045820", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00152976"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/332810a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043127848", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/332810a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1988-09", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1988-09-01", 
    "description": "The advent of reliable extraterrestrial solar irradiance measurements from satellites has supplied the impetus for new research in solar physics and solar-terrestrial relationships. The records for the principal experiments now extend beyond nine years. The Nimbus-7 measurements began in November 1978 and the Solar Maximum Mission (SMM) results started in February 1980. Both the ERB experiment of Nimbus-7 and the ACRIM experiment of SMM are still operational as of this writing (June 1988). We describe the nine-year Nimbus-7 total solar irradiance data set and compare it with similar data sets from the SMM and other satellite solar monitoring programs. Long-term downward trends of less than 0.02 % per year had been noted during the decaying portion of solar cycle 21 with indications that a leveling off and possible reversal of the trend was being experienced as we enter the new cycle. It had been demonstrated that fluctuations in the data over shorter periods corresponded to solar activity, from a primary discovery of irradiance depletions in times of building large sunspot groups to more subtle effects on the scale of solar rotation. Studies of the frequency spectra of the measurements have advanced the interest in helioseismology or mode analysis. Studies of photospheric activity have advanced by modelling of the sunspot blocking and photospheric brightening versus the measured irradiance. The theories are being extended to longer time-scales which indicate that solar irradiance is higher near solar cycle maximum, as defined by activity, and somewhat lower during the period between cycles. While measurements of total solar irradiance, the solar constant, alone cannot be employed to answer all of the questions of solar physics or helioclimatology, these long-term, high-precision data sets are valuable to both disciplines. The continuation of such measurements to more meaningful, longer time-scales should have a high priority in the international space community.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00226011", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1026170", 
        "issn": [
          "0038-6308", 
          "1572-9672"
        ], 
        "name": "Space Science Reviews", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "3-4", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "48"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "solar irradiance measurements", 
      "solar physics", 
      "irradiance measurements", 
      "solar-terrestrial relationships", 
      "solar cycle maximum", 
      "total solar irradiance measurements", 
      "solar cycle 21", 
      "Nimbus 7 measurements", 
      "photospheric activity", 
      "solar rotation", 
      "solar activity", 
      "total solar irradiance", 
      "large sunspot groups", 
      "cycle 21", 
      "ACRIM experiment", 
      "cycle maximum", 
      "mission results", 
      "solar irradiance", 
      "high-precision data sets", 
      "ERB experiment", 
      "solar constant", 
      "total solar irradiance data", 
      "such measurements", 
      "physics", 
      "principal experiments", 
      "sunspot groups", 
      "frequency spectrum", 
      "international space community", 
      "Nimbus 7", 
      "measurements", 
      "mode analysis", 
      "primary discoveries", 
      "space community", 
      "solar irradiance data", 
      "irradiance", 
      "helioseismology", 
      "SMM", 
      "irradiance data", 
      "brightening", 
      "sunspots", 
      "spectra", 
      "satellite", 
      "subtle effects", 
      "experiments", 
      "fluctuations", 
      "constants", 
      "similar data sets", 
      "rotation", 
      "maximum", 
      "theory", 
      "reversal", 
      "Nimbus", 
      "data sets", 
      "scale", 
      "discovery", 
      "data", 
      "effect", 
      "set", 
      "long-term downward trend", 
      "time", 
      "results", 
      "interest", 
      "modelling", 
      "possible reversal", 
      "advent", 
      "short period", 
      "depletion", 
      "study", 
      "new cycle", 
      "analysis", 
      "continuation", 
      "indications", 
      "cycle", 
      "trends", 
      "portion", 
      "writing", 
      "impetus", 
      "period", 
      "questions", 
      "monitoring program", 
      "new research", 
      "leveling", 
      "years", 
      "activity", 
      "review", 
      "research", 
      "program", 
      "high priority", 
      "relationship", 
      "group", 
      "disciplines", 
      "downward trend", 
      "records", 
      "community", 
      "priority"
    ], 
    "name": "Total solar irradiance measurements by ERB/Nimbus-7. A review of nine years", 
    "pagination": "321-334", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1046350748"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/bf00226011"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00226011", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046350748"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-12-01T06:19", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221201/entities/gbq_results/article/article_214.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00226011"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00226011'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00226011'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00226011'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00226011'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

191 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      123 URIs      112 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00226011 schema:about anzsrc-for:02
2 anzsrc-for:0202
3 schema:author N6131a5fd8fb24693b7a543a015a13acd
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00152976
5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00167395
6 sg:pub.10.1038/332810a0
7 schema:datePublished 1988-09
8 schema:datePublishedReg 1988-09-01
9 schema:description The advent of reliable extraterrestrial solar irradiance measurements from satellites has supplied the impetus for new research in solar physics and solar-terrestrial relationships. The records for the principal experiments now extend beyond nine years. The Nimbus-7 measurements began in November 1978 and the Solar Maximum Mission (SMM) results started in February 1980. Both the ERB experiment of Nimbus-7 and the ACRIM experiment of SMM are still operational as of this writing (June 1988). We describe the nine-year Nimbus-7 total solar irradiance data set and compare it with similar data sets from the SMM and other satellite solar monitoring programs. Long-term downward trends of less than 0.02 % per year had been noted during the decaying portion of solar cycle 21 with indications that a leveling off and possible reversal of the trend was being experienced as we enter the new cycle. It had been demonstrated that fluctuations in the data over shorter periods corresponded to solar activity, from a primary discovery of irradiance depletions in times of building large sunspot groups to more subtle effects on the scale of solar rotation. Studies of the frequency spectra of the measurements have advanced the interest in helioseismology or mode analysis. Studies of photospheric activity have advanced by modelling of the sunspot blocking and photospheric brightening versus the measured irradiance. The theories are being extended to longer time-scales which indicate that solar irradiance is higher near solar cycle maximum, as defined by activity, and somewhat lower during the period between cycles. While measurements of total solar irradiance, the solar constant, alone cannot be employed to answer all of the questions of solar physics or helioclimatology, these long-term, high-precision data sets are valuable to both disciplines. The continuation of such measurements to more meaningful, longer time-scales should have a high priority in the international space community.
10 schema:genre article
11 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
12 schema:isPartOf N389c329796e248c0bbe0b00941906a8f
13 N3bbe91fa4a3f4017bfa6950177f06100
14 sg:journal.1026170
15 schema:keywords ACRIM experiment
16 ERB experiment
17 Nimbus
18 Nimbus 7
19 Nimbus 7 measurements
20 SMM
21 activity
22 advent
23 analysis
24 brightening
25 community
26 constants
27 continuation
28 cycle
29 cycle 21
30 cycle maximum
31 data
32 data sets
33 depletion
34 disciplines
35 discovery
36 downward trend
37 effect
38 experiments
39 fluctuations
40 frequency spectrum
41 group
42 helioseismology
43 high priority
44 high-precision data sets
45 impetus
46 indications
47 interest
48 international space community
49 irradiance
50 irradiance data
51 irradiance measurements
52 large sunspot groups
53 leveling
54 long-term downward trend
55 maximum
56 measurements
57 mission results
58 mode analysis
59 modelling
60 monitoring program
61 new cycle
62 new research
63 period
64 photospheric activity
65 physics
66 portion
67 possible reversal
68 primary discoveries
69 principal experiments
70 priority
71 program
72 questions
73 records
74 relationship
75 research
76 results
77 reversal
78 review
79 rotation
80 satellite
81 scale
82 set
83 short period
84 similar data sets
85 solar activity
86 solar constant
87 solar cycle 21
88 solar cycle maximum
89 solar irradiance
90 solar irradiance data
91 solar irradiance measurements
92 solar physics
93 solar rotation
94 solar-terrestrial relationships
95 space community
96 spectra
97 study
98 subtle effects
99 such measurements
100 sunspot groups
101 sunspots
102 theory
103 time
104 total solar irradiance
105 total solar irradiance data
106 total solar irradiance measurements
107 trends
108 writing
109 years
110 schema:name Total solar irradiance measurements by ERB/Nimbus-7. A review of nine years
111 schema:pagination 321-334
112 schema:productId Nb9a312b1d98a4285afd48b3a6325e8cb
113 Neb91604aa91f4fd18d776a16e653aa65
114 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046350748
115 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00226011
116 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-12-01T06:19
117 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
118 schema:sdPublisher N5e76331ba05f4816b91936482e81a83c
119 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00226011
120 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
121 sgo:sdDataset articles
122 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
123 N28d21f5d12304a65bf55a6b19a255fbf rdf:first sg:person.014172751725.82
124 rdf:rest N42d8e880470f4478b6fae20a6ce9e26f
125 N32b6600444944bba877a867f8e53178c rdf:first sg:person.015464156772.12
126 rdf:rest N28d21f5d12304a65bf55a6b19a255fbf
127 N389c329796e248c0bbe0b00941906a8f schema:volumeNumber 48
128 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
129 N3bbe91fa4a3f4017bfa6950177f06100 schema:issueNumber 3-4
130 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
131 N42d8e880470f4478b6fae20a6ce9e26f rdf:first sg:person.015115425567.33
132 rdf:rest rdf:nil
133 N5e76331ba05f4816b91936482e81a83c schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
134 rdf:type schema:Organization
135 N6131a5fd8fb24693b7a543a015a13acd rdf:first sg:person.07517153323.89
136 rdf:rest N32b6600444944bba877a867f8e53178c
137 Nb9a312b1d98a4285afd48b3a6325e8cb schema:name dimensions_id
138 schema:value pub.1046350748
139 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
140 Neb91604aa91f4fd18d776a16e653aa65 schema:name doi
141 schema:value 10.1007/bf00226011
142 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
143 anzsrc-for:02 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
144 schema:name Physical Sciences
145 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
146 anzsrc-for:0202 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
147 schema:name Atomic, Molecular, Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics
148 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
149 sg:journal.1026170 schema:issn 0038-6308
150 1572-9672
151 schema:name Space Science Reviews
152 schema:publisher Springer Nature
153 rdf:type schema:Periodical
154 sg:person.014172751725.82 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.133275.1
155 schema:familyName Kyle
156 schema:givenName H. Lee
157 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014172751725.82
158 rdf:type schema:Person
159 sg:person.015115425567.33 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
160 schema:familyName Hoyt
161 schema:givenName Douglas
162 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015115425567.33
163 rdf:type schema:Person
164 sg:person.015464156772.12 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.505373.7
165 schema:familyName Alton
166 schema:givenName Bradley M.
167 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015464156772.12
168 rdf:type schema:Person
169 sg:person.07517153323.89 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.505373.7
170 schema:familyName Hickey
171 schema:givenName John R.
172 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07517153323.89
173 rdf:type schema:Person
174 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00152976 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041045820
175 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00152976
176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
177 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00167395 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017217392
178 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00167395
179 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
180 sg:pub.10.1038/332810a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043127848
181 https://doi.org/10.1038/332810a0
182 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
183 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Research and Data Systems, 20706, Lanham, MD, USA
184 schema:name Research and Data Systems, 20706, Lanham, MD, USA
185 rdf:type schema:Organization
186 grid-institutes:grid.133275.1 schema:alternateName NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 20771, Greenbelt, MD, USA
187 schema:name NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 20771, Greenbelt, MD, USA
188 rdf:type schema:Organization
189 grid-institutes:grid.505373.7 schema:alternateName The Eppley Laboratory Inc., Box 419, 02840, Newport, RI, USA
190 schema:name The Eppley Laboratory Inc., Box 419, 02840, Newport, RI, USA
191 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...