Genetic control of amylose content in wheat endosperm starch and differential effects of three Wx genes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1994-10

AUTHORS

H. Miura, S. Tanii, T. Nakamura, N. Watanabe

ABSTRACT

The endosperm starch of the wheat grain is composed of amylose and amylopectin. Genetic manipulation of the ratio of amylose to amylopectin or the amylose content could bring about improved texture and quality of wheat flour. The chromosomal locations of genes affecting amylose content were investigated using a monosomic series of Chinese Spring (CS) and a set of Cheyenne (CNN) chromosome substitution lines in the CS genetic background. Trials over three seasons revealed that a decrease in amylose content occurred in monosomic 4A and an increase in monosomic 7B. Allelic variation between CS and CNN was suggested for the genes on chromosomes 4A and 7B. To examine the effects of three Waxy (Wx) genes which encode a granule-bound starch synthase (Wx protein), the Wx proteins from CS monosomics of interest were analyzed using SDS-PAGE. The amount of the Wx protein coded by the Wx-B1 gene on chromosome arm 4AL was reduced in monosomic 4A, and thus accounted for its decreased amylose content. The amounts of two other Wx proteins coded by the Wx-A1 and Wx-D1 genes on chromosome arms 7AS and 7DS, respectively, showed low levels of protein in the monosomics but no effect on amylose content. The effect of chromosome 7B on the level of amylose suggested the presence of a regulator gene which suppresses the activities of the Wx genes. More... »

PAGES

276-280

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00225154

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00225154

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047683297

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24177841


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0604", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Genetics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412310.5", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Crop Science, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, 080, Obihiro, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Miura", 
        "givenName": "H.", 
        "id": "sg:person.013252465400.57", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013252465400.57"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412310.5", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Crop Science, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, 080, Obihiro, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Tanii", 
        "givenName": "S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0766760040.41", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0766760040.41"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Agricultural Research Center for Tohoku Region", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419161.a", 
          "name": [
            "Tohoku National Agricultural Experiment Station, 020-01, Morioka, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nakamura", 
        "givenName": "T.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0651027253.14", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0651027253.14"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Gifu University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.256342.4", 
          "name": [
            "Faculty of Agriculture, Gifu University, 501-11, Gifu, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Watanabe", 
        "givenName": "N.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/227680a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010419937", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/227680a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00290833", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015423001", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00290833"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00290833", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015423001", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00290833"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00046051", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018072295", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00046051"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00046051", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018072295", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00046051"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00254822", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021113156", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00254822"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00254822", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021113156", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00254822"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1139/g87-149", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025164264"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0733-5210(89)80005-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034145778"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(93)85268-v", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036974434"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02399821", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038296192", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02399821"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00224276", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040459579", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00224276"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00224276", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040459579", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00224276"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00263101", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043472273", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00263101"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00263101", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043472273", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00263101"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00034154", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044461986", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00034154"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00034154", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044461986", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00034154"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1966.0011183x000600020004x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069013846"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077359172", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1994-10", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1994-10-01", 
    "description": "The endosperm starch of the wheat grain is composed of amylose and amylopectin. Genetic manipulation of the ratio of amylose to amylopectin or the amylose content could bring about improved texture and quality of wheat flour. The chromosomal locations of genes affecting amylose content were investigated using a monosomic series of Chinese Spring (CS) and a set of Cheyenne (CNN) chromosome substitution lines in the CS genetic background. Trials over three seasons revealed that a decrease in amylose content occurred in monosomic 4A and an increase in monosomic 7B. Allelic variation between CS and CNN was suggested for the genes on chromosomes 4A and 7B. To examine the effects of three Waxy (Wx) genes which encode a granule-bound starch synthase (Wx protein), the Wx proteins from CS monosomics of interest were analyzed using SDS-PAGE. The amount of the Wx protein coded by the Wx-B1 gene on chromosome arm 4AL was reduced in monosomic 4A, and thus accounted for its decreased amylose content. The amounts of two other Wx proteins coded by the Wx-A1 and Wx-D1 genes on chromosome arms 7AS and 7DS, respectively, showed low levels of protein in the monosomics but no effect on amylose content. The effect of chromosome 7B on the level of amylose suggested the presence of a regulator gene which suppresses the activities of the Wx genes. ", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00225154", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1135804", 
        "issn": [
          "0040-5752", 
          "1432-2242"
        ], 
        "name": "Theoretical and Applied Genetics", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "2-3", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "89"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Genetic control of amylose content in wheat endosperm starch and differential effects of three Wx genes", 
    "pagination": "276-280", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/bf00225154"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "e3269e8324d7fb2494ce3f75f07210d04f99115b41381d0efafee740c2b6b2a6"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1047683297"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0145600"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "24177841"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00225154", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047683297"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T09:00", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000375_0000000375/records_91438_00000001.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/BF00225154"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00225154'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00225154'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00225154'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00225154'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

141 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      42 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00225154 schema:about anzsrc-for:06
2 anzsrc-for:0604
3 schema:author N8a1b01363af84d958222fb4a0ef58616
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00034154
5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00046051
6 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00224276
7 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00254822
8 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00263101
9 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00290833
10 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02399821
11 sg:pub.10.1038/227680a0
12 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077359172
13 https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(93)85268-v
14 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0733-5210(89)80005-0
15 https://doi.org/10.1139/g87-149
16 https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1966.0011183x000600020004x
17 schema:datePublished 1994-10
18 schema:datePublishedReg 1994-10-01
19 schema:description The endosperm starch of the wheat grain is composed of amylose and amylopectin. Genetic manipulation of the ratio of amylose to amylopectin or the amylose content could bring about improved texture and quality of wheat flour. The chromosomal locations of genes affecting amylose content were investigated using a monosomic series of Chinese Spring (CS) and a set of Cheyenne (CNN) chromosome substitution lines in the CS genetic background. Trials over three seasons revealed that a decrease in amylose content occurred in monosomic 4A and an increase in monosomic 7B. Allelic variation between CS and CNN was suggested for the genes on chromosomes 4A and 7B. To examine the effects of three Waxy (Wx) genes which encode a granule-bound starch synthase (Wx protein), the Wx proteins from CS monosomics of interest were analyzed using SDS-PAGE. The amount of the Wx protein coded by the Wx-B1 gene on chromosome arm 4AL was reduced in monosomic 4A, and thus accounted for its decreased amylose content. The amounts of two other Wx proteins coded by the Wx-A1 and Wx-D1 genes on chromosome arms 7AS and 7DS, respectively, showed low levels of protein in the monosomics but no effect on amylose content. The effect of chromosome 7B on the level of amylose suggested the presence of a regulator gene which suppresses the activities of the Wx genes.
20 schema:genre research_article
21 schema:inLanguage en
22 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
23 schema:isPartOf N2b6cc93234a84b81b8b45dac9948e3ca
24 N7900f2d424824ddcba4ab799a217b6b6
25 sg:journal.1135804
26 schema:name Genetic control of amylose content in wheat endosperm starch and differential effects of three Wx genes
27 schema:pagination 276-280
28 schema:productId N8f972b0986c04c05a588befbb7a9fcfd
29 N9ec245f0649841c880656cd375d713b3
30 Ndbf582dfae3d42dd8c2955e7109cfa93
31 Ne22aa95d194d43ce891b17bad3bc58bb
32 Neb88ba12eb364be0be3424940b7fe98d
33 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047683297
34 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00225154
35 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T09:00
36 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
37 schema:sdPublisher Nab2816ad5ab44f9a92f395040fd223e7
38 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/BF00225154
39 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
40 sgo:sdDataset articles
41 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
42 N2b6cc93234a84b81b8b45dac9948e3ca schema:volumeNumber 89
43 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
44 N2d71396e08984052b4901ed94ab70efb schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.256342.4
45 schema:familyName Watanabe
46 schema:givenName N.
47 rdf:type schema:Person
48 N7900f2d424824ddcba4ab799a217b6b6 schema:issueNumber 2-3
49 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
50 N8a1b01363af84d958222fb4a0ef58616 rdf:first sg:person.013252465400.57
51 rdf:rest Nb6b03d5bd1454bc88ec4ed9acd6f2286
52 N8f972b0986c04c05a588befbb7a9fcfd schema:name readcube_id
53 schema:value e3269e8324d7fb2494ce3f75f07210d04f99115b41381d0efafee740c2b6b2a6
54 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
55 N9ec245f0649841c880656cd375d713b3 schema:name doi
56 schema:value 10.1007/bf00225154
57 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
58 Nab2816ad5ab44f9a92f395040fd223e7 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
59 rdf:type schema:Organization
60 Nb6b03d5bd1454bc88ec4ed9acd6f2286 rdf:first sg:person.0766760040.41
61 rdf:rest Nebfdbabb2215424b8156955d29c4183d
62 Ndbf582dfae3d42dd8c2955e7109cfa93 schema:name dimensions_id
63 schema:value pub.1047683297
64 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
65 Ne22aa95d194d43ce891b17bad3bc58bb schema:name nlm_unique_id
66 schema:value 0145600
67 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
68 Ne67d657ea44c4cc4a65bdaa348250850 rdf:first N2d71396e08984052b4901ed94ab70efb
69 rdf:rest rdf:nil
70 Neb88ba12eb364be0be3424940b7fe98d schema:name pubmed_id
71 schema:value 24177841
72 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
73 Nebfdbabb2215424b8156955d29c4183d rdf:first sg:person.0651027253.14
74 rdf:rest Ne67d657ea44c4cc4a65bdaa348250850
75 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
76 schema:name Biological Sciences
77 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
78 anzsrc-for:0604 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
79 schema:name Genetics
80 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
81 sg:journal.1135804 schema:issn 0040-5752
82 1432-2242
83 schema:name Theoretical and Applied Genetics
84 rdf:type schema:Periodical
85 sg:person.013252465400.57 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412310.5
86 schema:familyName Miura
87 schema:givenName H.
88 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013252465400.57
89 rdf:type schema:Person
90 sg:person.0651027253.14 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419161.a
91 schema:familyName Nakamura
92 schema:givenName T.
93 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0651027253.14
94 rdf:type schema:Person
95 sg:person.0766760040.41 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412310.5
96 schema:familyName Tanii
97 schema:givenName S.
98 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0766760040.41
99 rdf:type schema:Person
100 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00034154 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044461986
101 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00034154
102 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
103 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00046051 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018072295
104 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00046051
105 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
106 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00224276 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040459579
107 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00224276
108 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
109 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00254822 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021113156
110 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00254822
111 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
112 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00263101 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043472273
113 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00263101
114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
115 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00290833 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015423001
116 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00290833
117 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
118 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02399821 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038296192
119 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02399821
120 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
121 sg:pub.10.1038/227680a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010419937
122 https://doi.org/10.1038/227680a0
123 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
124 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077359172 schema:CreativeWork
125 https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(93)85268-v schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036974434
126 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
127 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0733-5210(89)80005-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034145778
128 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
129 https://doi.org/10.1139/g87-149 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025164264
130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
131 https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1966.0011183x000600020004x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069013846
132 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
133 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.256342.4 schema:alternateName Gifu University
134 schema:name Faculty of Agriculture, Gifu University, 501-11, Gifu, Japan
135 rdf:type schema:Organization
136 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412310.5 schema:alternateName Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine
137 schema:name Department of Crop Science, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, 080, Obihiro, Japan
138 rdf:type schema:Organization
139 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419161.a schema:alternateName National Agricultural Research Center for Tohoku Region
140 schema:name Tohoku National Agricultural Experiment Station, 020-01, Morioka, Japan
141 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...