Analysis of chloroplast and mitochondrial segregation in three different combinations of somatic hybrids produced within Brassicaceae View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1990-12

AUTHORS

M. Landgren, K. Glimelius

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA were characterized in three different combinations of somatic hybrids produced between different species within Brassicaceae. The fusions were made between B. campestris and B. oleracea, B. napus and B. nigra and between B. napus and Eruca sativa. The combinations represent interspecific hybridizations, but the phylogenetic distance between the species used in each instance is different. Whereas the B. campestris (+) B. oleracea and the B. napus (+)B. nigra hybrids are both examples of intrageneric hybrids, B. campestris is more closely related to B. oleracea than B. napus is to B. nigra. The fusion of B. napus and E. sativa represents an intergeneric hybridization. Since hybrids were produced with reproducible and uniform fusion and culture methods, a comparison of chloroplast and mitochondrial segregation and mitochondrial DNA (mt-DNA) rearrangements could be made between the combinations. The segregation of both chloroplasts and mitochondria was biased in the B. napus (+)B. nigra and the B. napus (+)E. sativa combination. The nonrandom segregation of chloroplasts and mitochondria could be due to the different ploidy levels of the fusion partners and/or reflect differences in organelle replication rate. Furthermore, segregation of mitochondria was correlated to the differences in phylogenetic distance between the species used in the fusions. However, mitochondrial segregation, in contrast to chloroplast segregation, could in all combinations also have been affected by the cell type used as protoplast source in the fusions. All different chloroplast types could be established within each combination. Hybrids containing chloroplast from one parent together with mitochondria from the other parent were found in two of the combinations, although the majority of the hybrids had mt-DNA that was altered compared to the parental species. The rearranged mt-DNA found in most hybrids was an effect of the heteroplasmic state following protoplast fusion rather than of the tissue culture methods, since no mt-DNA rearrangements were found in B. napus plants regenerated from protoplast culture. The mtDNA restriction patterns of the hybrids with rearranged mt-DNA indicated that specific regions of the mt-DNA were involved in the rearrangements following protoplast fusion. More... »

PAGES

776-784

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00224191

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00224191

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007720288

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24221108


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