RFLP mapping of Brassica napus using doubled haploid lines View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1994-11

AUTHORS

M. E. Ferreira, P. H. Williams, T. C. Osborn

ABSTRACT

The combined use of doubled haploid lines and molecular markers can provide new genetic information for use in breeding programs. An F1-derived doubled haploid (DH) population of Brassica napus obtained from a cross between an annual canola cultivar ('Stellar') and a biennial rapeseed ('Major') was used to construct a linkage map of 132 restriction fragment length polymorphism loci. The marker loci were arranged into 22 linkage groups and six pairs of linked loci covering 1016 cM. The DH map was compared to a partial map constructed with a common set of markers for an F2 population derived from the same F1 plant, and the overall maps were not significantly different. Comparisons of maps in Brassica species suggest that less recombination occurs in B. napus (n = 19) than expected from the combined map distances of the two hypothesized diploid progenitors, B. oleracea (n = 9) and B. rapa (n=10). A high percentage (32%) of segregating marker loci were duplicated in the DH map, and conserved linkage arrangements of some duplicated loci indicated possible intergenome homoeology in the amphidiploid or intragenome duplications from the diploid progenitors. Deviation from Mendelian segregation ratios (P < 0.05) was observed for 30% of the marker loci in the DH population and for 24% in the F2 population. Deviation towards each parent occurred at equal frequencies in both populations and marker loci that showed deviation clustered in specific linkage groups. The DH lines and molecular marker map generated for this study can be used to map loci for agronomic traits segregating in this population. More... »

PAGES

615-621

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1988-08. Characterization of a polyubiquitin gene from Arabidopsis thaliana in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1996-08. The morphology, cytology, and C-banded karyotypes of Brassica campestris, B. oleracea, and B. napus plants regenerated from protoplasts in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1974-08. Nuclear DNA and the evolution of allotetraploid Brassicae in HEREDITY
  • 1991-08. Nuclear DNA content of some important plant species in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTER
  • 1994-09. Comparison of RFLP and RAPD markers to estimating genetic relationships within and among cruciferous species in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1992-08. Generation of a Brassica oleracea composite RFLP map: linkage arrangements among various populations and evolutionary implications in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1990-08. The effect of selection for protein and isozyme loci on quantitative traits in a doubled haploid population of barley in HEREDITY
  • 1991-09. A linkage map ofBrassica rapa (syn.campestris) based on restriction fragment length polymorphism loci in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1992-04. Molecular-marker-facilitated investigations of quantitative trait loci in maize in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1985-05. Nucleotide sequence of a cDNA clone of Brassica napus 12S storage protein shows homology with legumin from Pisum sativum in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1992. Simple plant DNA isolation procedures in PLANT GENOMES: METHODS FOR GENETIC AND PHYSICAL MAPPING
  • 1990-11. A comparison of traditional and haploid-derived breeding populations of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) for fatty acid composition of the seed oil in EUPHYTICA
  • 1990-07. Linkage arrangement of restriction fragment length polymorphism loci in Brassica oleracea in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1988-10. Resolution of quantitative traits into Mendelian factors by using a complete linkage map of restriction fragment length polymorphisms in NATURE
  • 1988-05. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00222456

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00222456

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24177938


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    36 schema:description The combined use of doubled haploid lines and molecular markers can provide new genetic information for use in breeding programs. An F1-derived doubled haploid (DH) population of Brassica napus obtained from a cross between an annual canola cultivar ('Stellar') and a biennial rapeseed ('Major') was used to construct a linkage map of 132 restriction fragment length polymorphism loci. The marker loci were arranged into 22 linkage groups and six pairs of linked loci covering 1016 cM. The DH map was compared to a partial map constructed with a common set of markers for an F2 population derived from the same F1 plant, and the overall maps were not significantly different. Comparisons of maps in Brassica species suggest that less recombination occurs in B. napus (n = 19) than expected from the combined map distances of the two hypothesized diploid progenitors, B. oleracea (n = 9) and B. rapa (n=10). A high percentage (32%) of segregating marker loci were duplicated in the DH map, and conserved linkage arrangements of some duplicated loci indicated possible intergenome homoeology in the amphidiploid or intragenome duplications from the diploid progenitors. Deviation from Mendelian segregation ratios (P < 0.05) was observed for 30% of the marker loci in the DH population and for 24% in the F2 population. Deviation towards each parent occurred at equal frequencies in both populations and marker loci that showed deviation clustered in specific linkage groups. The DH lines and molecular marker map generated for this study can be used to map loci for agronomic traits segregating in this population.
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