Fertile fruit trees obtained by somatic hybridization: navel orange (Citrus sinensis) and Troyer citrange (C. sinensis x Poncirus trifoliata) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1991-02

AUTHORS

T. Ohgawara, S. Kobayashi, S. Ishii, K. Yoshinaga, I. Oiyama

ABSTRACT

Nucellar cell suspension protoplasts of navel orange (Citrus sinsensis Osb.) were chemically fused with mesophyll protoplasts of Troyer citrange (C. sinensis x Poncirus trifoliata) and cultured in hormone-free Murashige and Tucker medium containing 0.6 M sucrose. Two types of plant were regenerated through embryogenesis. One type showed intermediate mono-and difoliate leaves and the other types was identical to Troyer citrange. The regenerated plants with intermediate morphology were demonstrated by chromosome counts and rDNA analysis to be amphidiploid somatic hybrids. Five clones of these somatic hybrids were grafted in the field. After 4 years, they set flowers having a morphology intermediate between those of the two parents. The pollen grains showed high stainability and sufficient germinability, and were larger than those of Troyer citrange. The fruits of the somatic hybrids were large and spherical with thick rinds. Most of them contained seeds with normal germinability. These results indicate that somatic hybridization is a useful tool for Citrus breeding. More... »

PAGES

141-143

Journal

TITLE

Theoretical and Applied Genetics

ISSUE

2

VOLUME

81

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00215714

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00215714

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007462625

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24221194


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