Time-dependent greenhouse warming computations with a coupled ocean-atmosphere model View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1992-12

AUTHORS

Ulrich Cubasch, Klaus Hasselmann, Heinke Höck, Ernst Maier-Reimer, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Benjamin D Santer, Robert Sausen

ABSTRACT

Climate changes during the next 100 years caused by anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases have been simulated for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Scenarios A (“business as usual”) and D (“accelerated policies”) using a coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model. In the global average, the near-surface temperature rises by 2.6 K in Scenario A and by 0.6 K in Scenario D. The global patterns of climate change for both IPCC scenarios and for a third step-function 2 x CO2 experiment were found to be very similar. The warming delay over the oceans is larger than found in simulations with atmospheric general circulation models coupled to mixed-layer models, leading to a more pronounced land-sea contrast and a weaker warming (and in some regions even an initial cooling) in the Southern Ocean. During the first forty years, the global warming and sea level rise due to the thermal expansion of the ocean are significantly slower than estimated previously from box-diffusion-upwelling models, but the major part of this delay can be attributed to the previous warming history prior to the start of present coupled ocean-atmosphere model integration (cold start). More... »

PAGES

55-69

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00209163

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00209163

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030448021


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190 grid-institutes:grid.450268.d schema:alternateName Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Bundesstrasse 55, W-2000, Hamburg 13, Germany
191 schema:name Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Bundesstrasse 55, W-2000, Hamburg 13, Germany
192 rdf:type schema:Organization
193 grid-institutes:grid.7551.6 schema:alternateName Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, DLR, W-8031, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
194 schema:name Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, DLR, W-8031, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
195 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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