Endothelial cell heterogeneity in experimentally-induced rabbit atherosclerosis. Demonstration of multinucleated giant endothelial cells by scanning electron microscopy and cell culture View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1994-12

AUTHORS

K. Tashiro, O. Tokunaga, T. Shimokama, S. Haraoka, T. Watanabe

ABSTRACT

We investigated the aortic endothelial cells of cholesterol-fed rabbits, using scanning electron microscopy and a cell culture technique. Rabbits were given a 1% cholesterol diet intermittently for up to 40 weeks. In these animals, the area of endothelial cells was increased and the cells showed polymorphism in relation to the progression of atherosclerosis. In animals fed the cholesterol diet for 12, 28 and 40 weeks, the average area of the endothelial cells was 436±15, 762±153, and 836±165 μm2, respectively. In the cholesterol-fed 40-week group, in particular, giant endothelial cells, measuring more than 1200 μm2, accounted for 14% of the population. In animals fed a standard diet there was no significant difference in endothelial cell morphology between control 0-week and control 40-week groups; in both, the luminal surface of the thoracic aorta formed a homogeneous sheet covered by small rhomboidal endothelial cells, the area of most being less than 400 μm2. Primary cultured endothelial cells harvested from those control groups were mononuclear typical small cells with a centrally located nucleus; the proportion of binucleated cells was less than 2% and no multinucleated giant cells with three or more nuclei were detected. Endothelial cells from the cholesterol-fed groups, however, contained larger numbers of binucleated cells, with the number increasing in proportion to the duration of cholesterol feeding. The major distinguishing feature of the endothelial cells in the cholesterol-fed groups was the presence of multinucleated giant cells with three or more nuclei; these accounted for 2.3% and 3.3% of the total cell population in the cholesterol-fed 28- and 40-week groups, respectively. No bromodeoxyuridine uptake was found in the nuclei of the cultured multinucleated giant cells. Heterogeneity of endothelial cells, with the concomitant appearance of multinucleated giant cells, emerges with the progression of diet-induced atherosclerosis. The morphological alterations of endothelial cells observed in the present study intimately reflect changes in their function associated with the progression of atherosclerotic lesions. More... »

PAGES

521-529

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1976-10. An enzyme isolated from arteries transforms prostaglandin endoperoxides to an unstable substance that inhibits platelet aggregation in NATURE
  • 1952-11. Über das aortenendothel in VIRCHOWS ARCHIV A PATHOLOGICAL ANATOMY AND HISTOPATHOLOGY
  • 1989. Atherosclerosis: Cellular Aspects in DISEASES OF THE ARTERIAL WALL
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00197556

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00197556

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053623044

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7850077


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