The meaning of “fundamental preferences” View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1994-07

AUTHORS

S. -C. Kolm

ABSTRACT

We present the definition and meaning of “fundamental preferences” that are interpersonally comparable, ordinal and endemonistic. We also dispel a number of misunderstandings concerning them. In the article “A cause of preference is not on object of preference” (Soc Choice Welfare (1993) 10: 57–68), Professor Broome misinterprets the notion of “fundamental preferences” in confusing an observer's device for a psychological transformation of the observed (as if an economist studying wealth meant that he becomes wealthy, or if physicians had to be sick — this is well shown in his interpretation of a sentence of mine in p 65 where the crucial switch to the first person is his own). Considering a new set of variables that includes both structural parameters and former variables, hence variables of different kinds, assumes nothing new concerning the observed object; namely, it says neither that the consumption of bread becomes “a cause” of the taste for jam, nor that the individual likes (or dislikes) his own tastes, or anything like this (the accusation of “fantasy”). We shall suggest that certain other views receive a similar treatment in this paper. This misunderstanding is regrettable, since the consideration of fundamental preferences is unavoidable in social ethics, both when one has to compare all-encompassing individual situations, and for the preferences of the hypothetical identical individuals in an Original Position device where they evaluate at once what they might have and what they might be1. Therefore, perhaps the full argument must be stated again (see the works in references). To begin with, we should face the issue relevant for social ethics directly, rather than dealing with it in devious ways. The question arises if: (1) distributive justice is a question (he who says it is not wants to impose his own view of it), (2) individual happiness has any relevance for the quality of society (imagine a society of despaired people). Then, one can show that the relevant issue turns out to be: can one say that a person is happier than another? These persons are in specific situations. More... »

PAGES

193-198

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1993-01. A cause of preference is not an object of preference in SOCIAL CHOICE AND WELFARE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00193804

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00193804

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006441999


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1701", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Psychology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/17", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Psychology and Cognitive Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Institute for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences, Paris, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kolm", 
            "givenName": "S. -C.", 
            "id": "sg:person.07526016523.16", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07526016523.16"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00187433", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024707876", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00187433"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00187433", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024707876", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00187433"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511611964.010", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046019492"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/257416", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058570897"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1882009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069623787"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1913445", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069640743"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2297001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069868483"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2297088", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069868559"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "1994-07", 
        "datePublishedReg": "1994-07-01", 
        "description": "We present the definition and meaning of \u201cfundamental preferences\u201d that are interpersonally comparable, ordinal and endemonistic. We also dispel a number of misunderstandings concerning them. In the article \u201cA cause of preference is not on object of preference\u201d (Soc Choice Welfare (1993) 10: 57\u201368), Professor Broome misinterprets the notion of \u201cfundamental preferences\u201d in confusing an observer's device for a psychological transformation of the observed (as if an economist studying wealth meant that he becomes wealthy, or if physicians had to be sick \u2014 this is well shown in his interpretation of a sentence of mine in p 65 where the crucial switch to the first person is his own). Considering a new set of variables that includes both structural parameters and former variables, hence variables of different kinds, assumes nothing new concerning the observed object; namely, it says neither that the consumption of bread becomes \u201ca cause\u201d of the taste for jam, nor that the individual likes (or dislikes) his own tastes, or anything like this (the accusation of \u201cfantasy\u201d). We shall suggest that certain other views receive a similar treatment in this paper. This misunderstanding is regrettable, since the consideration of fundamental preferences is unavoidable in social ethics, both when one has to compare all-encompassing individual situations, and for the preferences of the hypothetical identical individuals in an Original Position device where they evaluate at once what they might have and what they might be1. Therefore, perhaps the full argument must be stated again (see the works in references). To begin with, we should face the issue relevant for social ethics directly, rather than dealing with it in devious ways. The question arises if: (1) distributive justice is a question (he who says it is not wants to impose his own view of it), (2) individual happiness has any relevance for the quality of society (imagine a society of despaired people). Then, one can show that the relevant issue turns out to be: can one say that a person is happier than another? These persons are in specific situations.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00193804", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1028302", 
            "issn": [
              "0176-1714", 
              "1432-217X"
            ], 
            "name": "Social Choice and Welfare", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "3", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "11"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "The meaning of \u201cfundamental preferences\u201d", 
        "pagination": "193-198", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/bf00193804"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "1eaf88382d6f052aaf2928b0d189546d484358e4b1c42d0adb280fb195ac374d"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1006441999"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00193804", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006441999"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T08:50", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000374_0000000374/records_119730_00000000.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/BF00193804"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00193804'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00193804'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00193804'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00193804'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    82 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      34 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00193804 schema:about anzsrc-for:17
    2 anzsrc-for:1701
    3 schema:author N914b11c30a104471b5ff62749a2225fa
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00187433
    5 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511611964.010
    6 https://doi.org/10.1086/257416
    7 https://doi.org/10.2307/1882009
    8 https://doi.org/10.2307/1913445
    9 https://doi.org/10.2307/2297001
    10 https://doi.org/10.2307/2297088
    11 schema:datePublished 1994-07
    12 schema:datePublishedReg 1994-07-01
    13 schema:description We present the definition and meaning of “fundamental preferences” that are interpersonally comparable, ordinal and endemonistic. We also dispel a number of misunderstandings concerning them. In the article “A cause of preference is not on object of preference” (Soc Choice Welfare (1993) 10: 57–68), Professor Broome misinterprets the notion of “fundamental preferences” in confusing an observer's device for a psychological transformation of the observed (as if an economist studying wealth meant that he becomes wealthy, or if physicians had to be sick — this is well shown in his interpretation of a sentence of mine in p 65 where the crucial switch to the first person is his own). Considering a new set of variables that includes both structural parameters and former variables, hence variables of different kinds, assumes nothing new concerning the observed object; namely, it says neither that the consumption of bread becomes “a cause” of the taste for jam, nor that the individual likes (or dislikes) his own tastes, or anything like this (the accusation of “fantasy”). We shall suggest that certain other views receive a similar treatment in this paper. This misunderstanding is regrettable, since the consideration of fundamental preferences is unavoidable in social ethics, both when one has to compare all-encompassing individual situations, and for the preferences of the hypothetical identical individuals in an Original Position device where they evaluate at once what they might have and what they might be1. Therefore, perhaps the full argument must be stated again (see the works in references). To begin with, we should face the issue relevant for social ethics directly, rather than dealing with it in devious ways. The question arises if: (1) distributive justice is a question (he who says it is not wants to impose his own view of it), (2) individual happiness has any relevance for the quality of society (imagine a society of despaired people). Then, one can show that the relevant issue turns out to be: can one say that a person is happier than another? These persons are in specific situations.
    14 schema:genre research_article
    15 schema:inLanguage en
    16 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    17 schema:isPartOf N2075a6a318be421dbdf27d8fc1d090a3
    18 N4c66860df762460e8b6f7d10c746e3bb
    19 sg:journal.1028302
    20 schema:name The meaning of “fundamental preferences”
    21 schema:pagination 193-198
    22 schema:productId N098e1509a94c42a9be5d98841bf26446
    23 N3d0331589b3f4cbc8d974a9e0c250813
    24 N872265bef04440f5a0e2a9e4e374067e
    25 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006441999
    26 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00193804
    27 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T08:50
    28 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    29 schema:sdPublisher N215d1efd1e754a548e5596a2d3ba78ed
    30 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/BF00193804
    31 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    32 sgo:sdDataset articles
    33 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    34 N098e1509a94c42a9be5d98841bf26446 schema:name readcube_id
    35 schema:value 1eaf88382d6f052aaf2928b0d189546d484358e4b1c42d0adb280fb195ac374d
    36 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    37 N2075a6a318be421dbdf27d8fc1d090a3 schema:issueNumber 3
    38 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    39 N215d1efd1e754a548e5596a2d3ba78ed schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    40 rdf:type schema:Organization
    41 N3d0331589b3f4cbc8d974a9e0c250813 schema:name doi
    42 schema:value 10.1007/bf00193804
    43 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    44 N4c66860df762460e8b6f7d10c746e3bb schema:volumeNumber 11
    45 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    46 N6f954868b5d04af7b20124f74cbf5503 schema:name Institute for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences, Paris, France
    47 rdf:type schema:Organization
    48 N872265bef04440f5a0e2a9e4e374067e schema:name dimensions_id
    49 schema:value pub.1006441999
    50 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    51 N914b11c30a104471b5ff62749a2225fa rdf:first sg:person.07526016523.16
    52 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    53 anzsrc-for:17 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    54 schema:name Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
    55 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    56 anzsrc-for:1701 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    57 schema:name Psychology
    58 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    59 sg:journal.1028302 schema:issn 0176-1714
    60 1432-217X
    61 schema:name Social Choice and Welfare
    62 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    63 sg:person.07526016523.16 schema:affiliation N6f954868b5d04af7b20124f74cbf5503
    64 schema:familyName Kolm
    65 schema:givenName S. -C.
    66 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07526016523.16
    67 rdf:type schema:Person
    68 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00187433 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024707876
    69 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00187433
    70 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    71 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511611964.010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046019492
    72 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    73 https://doi.org/10.1086/257416 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058570897
    74 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    75 https://doi.org/10.2307/1882009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069623787
    76 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    77 https://doi.org/10.2307/1913445 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069640743
    78 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    79 https://doi.org/10.2307/2297001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069868483
    80 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    81 https://doi.org/10.2307/2297088 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069868559
    82 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...