Immobilization of cultured Catharanthus roseus cells using a fibreglass substratum View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1990-04

AUTHORS

Peter J. Facchini, Frank DiCosmo

ABSTRACT

Cultured Catharanthus roseus cells were immobilized using geometrically identical needled fibreglass mats prepared with a range of surface coatings. The phenyl (PS), polyglycol (PG), aldehyde (CHO), alkyl (CTMS), and silanol (AW) coatings, along with the untreated glass (HC) surface, produced surfaces with a range of surface tensions. The immobilization efficiency of the substratum, measured as the percentage of cells immobilized, increased with increasing substratum surface tension in the order PS < PG < CHO < CTMS < AW < HC. The dependence of immobilization efficiency on substratum surface tension can be described using a thermodynamic model of adhesion that considers the extent of plant cell adhesion to be a function of the surface tensions of the substratum, the suspending liquid, and the plant cells. In addition, this dependence also demonstrates the fundamental role of adhesion in the immobilization process involving a glass fibre matrix. However, cell entrapment processes are also implicated. The untreated glass fibre substratum (HC), which demonstrated the greatest immobilization efficiency, was used for further characterization of the immobilization strategy. Maximum inoculum biomass was determined to be approximately 1.9 g cells (fresh weight)/g substratum (dry weight) to achieve greater than 90% immobilization efficiency. The growth rate of immobilized cultures was slower than suspension cultures, probably due to mass transfer limitations. Production of the indole alkaloids, tryptamine, catharanthine, and ajmalicine, was also suppressed relative to suspension-cultured cells. These results are considered in relation to other immobilization strategies and their apparent effects on cellular processes. More... »

PAGES

36-42

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00170566

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00170566

DIMENSIONS

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