Biodegradation of dichloroacetic acid by freely suspended and adsorptive immobilized Xanthobacter autotrophicus GJ10 in soil View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1993-10

AUTHORS

Markus Meusel, Hans-Jürgen Rehm

ABSTRACT

Xanthobacter autotrophicus GJ10 was applied in a packed-bed fermentor to degrade dichloroacetic acid (DCA) in batch-, semicontinuous and continuous culture. Degradation has been studied with freely suspended and adsorptive immobilized cells. To imitate natural soil systems, the fermentor was filled with sand. Concentrations of up to 20 mm DCA were degraded completely. If higher initial concentrations were used, the decrease in pH value inhibited further growth and degradation. In continuous culture the fermentor was inoculated additionally with activated sludge. Over a period of 2 weeks the specialized strain could be retained and no decrease in metabolic activity was observed. A decrease in degradation of DCA was observed when succinate was added as a second substrate. The haloacid dehalogenase was found to be induced by DCA. Non-induced cells showed typical repression of catabolites and diauxic growth with succinate as co-substrate. The results demonstrate that X. autotrophicus GJ10 might be suitable for applications in biological waste treatment systems. More... »

PAGES

165-171

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1991-02. Degradation of pyrene byRhodococcus sp. UW1 in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1987-03. Bacterial cometabolic degradation of chlorinated paraffins in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1966-09. Über das Vitamin B12-Bedürfnis phototropher Schwefelbakterien in ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY
  • 1991-08. Biodegradation of 4-chlorophenol by adsorptive immobilized Alcaligenes sp. A 7-2 in soil in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1993-10. Biodegradation of dichloroacetic acid by entrapped and adsorptive immobilized Xanthobacter autotrophicus GJ10 in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1987-04. Degradation of 4-chlorophenol in municipal wastewater by adsorptiv immobilized Alcaligenes sp. A 7-2 in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1986-10. Bioreclamation of chlorophenol-contaminated soil by composting in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00170446

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00170446

    DIMENSIONS

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