Convergence in vegetation structure in the mediterranean communities of California, Chile and South Africa View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1980-12

AUTHORS

R. M. Cowling, B. M. Campbell

ABSTRACT

Plant communities on desert to montane transects in the mediterranean type climatic areas in southern California, central Chile and the Cape, South Africa have been analysed to determine the extent of vegetation convergence. Data on floristic richness, growth form, leaf duration, leaf size, and spineseence, of the woody plants, collected by Parsons & Moldenke (1975) from analogous climatic sites in California and Chile, were compared with data from analogous sites in the Cape. Considerable convergence in vegetation structure between floristically distinct but climatically similar sites in California and Chile has been demonstrated by Parsons & Moldenke (1975). Cape vegetation, however, shows little convergence to these mediterranean regions. In Cape desert communities succulence rather than drought deciduousness is the principal adaptive strategy. Cape fynbos communities show major differences from communities at analogous sites on the other continents. Much of the divergence between fynbos and the vegetation of the other continents can be attributed to the nutrient-poor soils on which fynbos has evolved. More... »

PAGES

191-197

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Plant Ecology

ISSUE

3

VOLUME

43

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00158749

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00158749

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028038755


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