Roots as an enhancing factor for the production of artemisinin in shoot cultures of Artemisia annua View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1996-03

AUTHORS

Jorge F. S. Ferreira, Jules Janick

ABSTRACT

Artemisinin was produced in differentiated shoot cultures of Artemisia annua L. but was undetected in callus or cell cultures. The growth regulators benzyladenine, kinetin, chlormequat, and daminozide, at concentrations which severely reduced rooting, reduced artemisinin production. A highly significant correlation (1% level) was observed between shoot artemisinin content and number of roots (r=0.775**), but shoot number and artemisinin content were unrelated (r=-0.198). Benzyladenine increased shoot proliferation at 0.5 and 5.0 μM, but decreased root production at 0.5, 5.0, and 50 μM. The highest levels of artemisinin production (0.287% DW) were obtained in hormone-free medium when root production was maximized. Removal of roots from shoots cultured in hormone-free liquid medium reduced shoot artemisinin by 53% and shoot arteannuin B by 60%. Neither artemisinin, arteannuin B, or artemisinic acid were detected from roots developed in semi-solid or liquid medium. More... »

PAGES

211-217

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00048526

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00048526

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033741604


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