Does altered nitrogen metabolism and H2O2 accumulation explain the vitrified status of the fully habituated callus of Beta vulgaris (L.)? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1993-10

AUTHORS

Frédérik Le Dily, Claude Huault, Thomas Gaspar, Jean-Pierre Billard

ABSTRACT

The habituated callus is a vitrified tissue which has two main biochemical characteristics both leading to production of toxic forms of oxygen: first the blockage of the porphyrin pathway and a lack of H2O2 detoxifying enzymes (catalase and peroxidases); secondly a deviation of the nitrogen metabolism induced by NH3 accumulation. Ammonia detoxification is ensured by increased glutamate dehydrogenase activity and accumulation of both proline and polyamines. A putative linkage between proline synthesis and the HMP pathway, as proposed for animal proliferating tissues (Phang 1985), might explain a high purine biosynthesis and cytokinin autonomy. More... »

PAGES

69-74

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00043941

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00043941

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020686373


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