Antimicrobial peptides fromMirabilis jalapa andAmaranthus caudatus: expression, processing, localization and biological activity in transgenic tobacco View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1996-08

AUTHORS

Miguel F. C. De Bolle, Rupert W. Osborn, Inge J. Goderis, Liesbet Noe, David Acland, Cliff A. Hart, Sophie Torrekens, Fred Van Leuven, Willem F. Broekaert

ABSTRACT

The cDNAs encoding the seed antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) from Mirabilis jalapa (Mj-AMP2) and Amaranthus caudatus (Ac-AMP2) have previously been characterized and it was found that Mj-AMP2 and Ac-AMP2 are processed from a precursor preprotein and preproprotein, respectively [De Bolle et al., Plant Mol Biol 28:713-721 (1995) and 22:1187-1190 (1993), respectively]. In order to study the processing, sorting and biological activity of these antimicrobial peptides in transgenic tobacco, four different gene constructs were made: a Mj-AMP2 wild-type gene construct, a Mj-AMP2 mutant gene construct which was extended by a sequence encoding the barley lectin carboxyl-terminal propeptide, a known vacuolar targeting signal [Bednarek and Raikhel, Plant Cell 3: 1195-1206 (1991)]; an Ac-AMP2 wild-type gene construct; and finally, an Ac-AMP2 mutant gene construct which was truncated in order to delete the sequence encoding the genuine carboxyl-terminal propeptide. Processing and localization analysis indicated that an isoform of Ac-AMP2 with a cleaved-off carboxyl-terminal arginine was localized in the intercellular fluid fraction of plants expressing either wild-type or mutant gene constructs. Mj-AMP2 was recovered extracellularly in plants transformed with Mj-AMP2 wild-type gene construct, whereas an Mj-AMP2 isoform with a cleaved-off carboxyl-terminal arginine accumulated intracellularly in plants expressing the mutant precursor protein with the barley lectin propeptide. The in vitro antifungal activity of the AMPs purified from transgenic tobacco expressing any of the four different precursor proteins was similar to that of the authentic proteins. However, none of the transgenic plants showed enhanced resistance against infection with either Botrytis cinerea or Alternaria longipes. More... »

PAGES

993-1008

Journal

TITLE

Plant Molecular Biology

ISSUE

5

VOLUME

31

Author Affiliations

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00040718

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00040718

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015335878

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8843942


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