Comparison of methods of liquid medium culture for banana micropropagation View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1993-01

AUTHORS

D. Alvard, F. Cote, C. Teisson

ABSTRACT

Five different liquid medium culture methods for meristem propagation of bananas were investigated and compared with solid medium culture. Treatments studied were: gelled culture medium (treatment 1); liquid medium with immersion of the plants (treatment 2); liquid medium with cellulose culture support (treatment 3); liquid medium with partial immersion of the plants (treatment 4); liquid medium aerated by bubbling (treatment 5); liquid medium with temporary immersion of the explants for 20 min every 2h (treatment 6). After 20 days of culture, three culture groups with statistically different multiplication rates were observed:-shoots in simple liquid medium and those on cellulose substrate proliferated little or not at all,-shoots on gelled medium, those subjected to partial immersion and those in aerated medium displayed multiplication rates of 2.2 to 3.1, and-the highest multiplication rate (>5) was observed in explants subjected to temporary immersion in the medium. -shoots in simple liquid medium and those on cellulose substrate proliferated little or not at all, -shoots on gelled medium, those subjected to partial immersion and those in aerated medium displayed multiplication rates of 2.2 to 3.1, and -the highest multiplication rate (>5) was observed in explants subjected to temporary immersion in the medium. Two groups of treatments differed in the accumulation of dry matter: the smallest weight (around 0.5 g) was observed in treatment 1, 2, 3 and 4, and accumulation was 2 to 5 times greater in the explants in aerated liquid medium and those subjected to temporary immersion. The highest multiplication rates and weight gains were observed in aerated treatments (treatments 4 and 5). Shoots in liquid medium continuously aerated by bubbling displayed hyperhydricity of the outer leaf sheaths. This was not observed with temporary immersion of explants. More... »

PAGES

55-60

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1988-01. In vitro culture of shoots of Pinus caribaea on a liquid medium in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • 1990-12. Somatic embryogenesis in two Gossypium hirsutum genotypes on semi-solid versus liquid proliferation media in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • 1991. Application of bioreactors in plant propagation in MICROPROPAGATION
  • 1991. Automation in MICROPROPAGATION
  • 1988-01. Effects of support medium on embryo and plant production from cultured anthers of soft-red winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • 1987-01. Towards automation: Radiata pine shoot hedges in vitro in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00040116

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00040116

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023945860


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