Regulation of glutamine synthetase genes in leaves of Phaseolus vulgaris View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1991-10

AUTHORS

J. Mark Cock, Ian W. Brock, Adam T. Watson, Ranjan Swarup, Andrew P. Morby, Julie V. Cullimore

ABSTRACT

Glutamine synthetase (GS) activity increased over three-fold in developing primary leaves of Phaseolus vulgaris L. This increase was shown to be the result of differential expression of three members of the GS gene family: gln-α and gln-β, which encode cytosolic GS polypeptides, and gln-δ, which encodes the chloroplast-located GS. The gln-δ gene was the most highly expressed GS gene and was regulated in a complex manner with two different transcripts accumulating differentially during leaf development. This gene was expressed weakly in the dark and was induced strongly by lingt; this induction was shown not to be an indirect effect of photorespiration. In the long term, gln-δ showed increased expression in photorespiring compared with non-photorespiring leaves. However, in the short term, there was no induction of gln-δ following transfer of plants to photorespiratory conditions. These results suggest that regulation of gln-δ by photorespiration was the result of indirect, long-term effects on cellular metabolism. In general, in all these experiments, analysis of cytosolic versus chloroplastic GS polypeptides and of the GS isoenzyme profiles showed the same pattern of changes in abundance as that observed for the mRNAs suggesting that regulation of GS gene expression occurred primarily at the mRNA level. However, it was noteworthy that the δ isoenzyme remained at a high abundance in older leaves, grown in both light and dark, despite a decrease in abundance of gln-δ mRNA. More... »

PAGES

761-771

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1989-10. The gene family encoding the Arabidopsis thaliana translation elongation factor EF-1α: Molecular cloning, characterization and expression in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1980-12. An association between photorespiration and protein catabolism: Studies with Chlamydomonas in PLANTA
  • 1989-11. Glutamine synthetase isoenzymes of Phaseolus vulgaris L.: subunit composition in developing root nodules and plumules in PLANTA
  • 1986-10. Nitrate or ammonium nutrition in french bean in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 1991-12. Expression of glutamine-synthetase genes in cotyledons of germinating Phaseolus vulgaris L. in PLANTA
  • 1990-04. Expression of glutamine synthetase genes in roots and nodules of Phaseolus vulgaris following changes in the ammonium supply and infection with various Rhizobium mutants in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1990-03. Molecular analysis of barley mutants deficient in chloroplast glutamine synthetase in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1987-01. Nodule-specific glutamine synthetase is expressed before the onset of nitrogen fixation in Phaseolus vulgaris L. in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1989-05. Regulation of chalcone flavanone isomerase (CHI) gene expression inPetunia hybrida: the use of alternative promoters in corolla, anthers and pollen in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1989-05. cDNA sequence and differential expression of the gene encoding the glutamine synthetase γ polypeptide ofPhaseolus vulgaris L. in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1989-03. Phytochrome control of multiple transcripts of the phytochrome gene in Pisum sativum in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1988-09. Nucleotide sequence and expression of the phytochrome gene in Pisum sativum: Differential regulation by light of multiple transcripts in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1988-03. The chloroplast-located glutamine synthetase of Phaseolus vulgaris L.: nucleotide sequence, expression in different organs and uptake into isolated chloroplasts in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1983. Amino Acid Interconversion in Germinating Seeds in MOBILIZATION OF RESERVES IN GERMINATION
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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00037059

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00037059

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004034075

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1680489


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