The latitude-elevation relationship for spruce-fir forest and treeline along the Appalachian mountain chain View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1991-07

AUTHORS

C. V. Cogbill, P. S. White

ABSTRACT

Spruce-fir forests extend along the Appalachian Mountains of eastern North America from 35° to 49° N. This montane vegetation differs from boreal spruce-fir forest in that it is dominated by Picea rubens, has a higher vascular species richness, has wind, rather than fire, dominated dynamics, and has a mean annual temperature above 2 °C. Using field reconnaissance, remote sensing, and literature review we described and modeled the latitude-elevation relationship for Appalachian spruce-fir. The elevation of the sprucefir/deciduous forest ecotone decreases from 1,680 m at 35° N to 150 m at 49° N, while the elevation of treeline (spruce-fir/tundra ecotone) decreases from 1,480 m at 44° N to 550 m at 55° N. Linear regressions gave latitude-elevation relationships of −100 m/lo Latitude for the spruce-fir/deciduous forest ecotone and −83 m/lo Latitude for treeline. These values compare to literature reports of −54 to −230 m/lo Latitude and are most similar to values reported from eastern Asia. The latitude-elevation relationship for eman July temperature ( −94 to −121 m/lo Latitude) was more similar to the slopes of these ecotones than is the slope for mean annual temperature ( −170 to −220 m/lo Latitude). The spruce-fir/deciduous forest ecotone was correlated with a mean July temperature of approximately 17 °C. Treeline was correlated with a mean July temperature of approximately 13 °C. More... »

PAGES

153-175

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00032629

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00032629

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051474092


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    "description": "Spruce-fir forests extend along the Appalachian Mountains of eastern North America from 35\u00b0 to 49\u00b0 N. This montane vegetation differs from boreal spruce-fir forest in that it is dominated by Picea rubens, has a higher vascular species richness, has wind, rather than fire, dominated dynamics, and has a mean annual temperature above 2 \u00b0C. Using field reconnaissance, remote sensing, and literature review we described and modeled the latitude-elevation relationship for Appalachian spruce-fir. The elevation of the sprucefir/deciduous forest ecotone decreases from 1,680 m at 35\u00b0 N to 150 m at 49\u00b0 N, while the elevation of treeline (spruce-fir/tundra ecotone) decreases from 1,480 m at 44\u00b0 N to 550 m at 55\u00b0 N. Linear regressions gave latitude-elevation relationships of \u2212100 m/lo Latitude for the spruce-fir/deciduous forest ecotone and \u221283 m/lo Latitude for treeline. These values compare to literature reports of \u221254 to \u2212230 m/lo Latitude and are most similar to values reported from eastern Asia. The latitude-elevation relationship for eman July temperature ( \u221294 to \u2212121 m/lo Latitude) was more similar to the slopes of these ecotones than is the slope for mean annual temperature ( \u2212170 to \u2212220 m/lo Latitude). The spruce-fir/deciduous forest ecotone was correlated with a mean July temperature of approximately 17 \u00b0C. Treeline was correlated with a mean July temperature of approximately 13 \u00b0C.", 
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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00032629'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00032629'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00032629'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00032629'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

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