Significance of wild species and primitive forms for potato breeding View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1958-10

AUTHORS

J. G. Hawkes

ABSTRACT

Three stages in the history of the utilization of wild potatoes are outlined, and it is suggested that we are now entering on a fourth stage, typified by a fuller international co-operation than has hitherto been possible. The availability of useful genes is considered in the light of our knowledge of the crossability and evolutionary relationships of potato species. Breeding mechanisms in species at various levels of ploidy are shown to play an important part in speciation, and the significant role of asexual reproduction in potatoes is discussed. The geographical localization of most genes carrying resistance to Phytophthora, viruses, Heterodera, Leptinotarsa and frost is discussed. Certain explanations to account for this localization are put forward. Drie stadia in de geschiedenis van het gebruik van wilde aardappelsoorten en primitieve aardappelrassen worden genoemd. Omstreeks 100 jaar geleden waren nieuwe rassen nodig ter bestrijding van degeneratieziekten, terwijl omstreeks 1909 het wilde materiaal voor het kweken op ziekteresistentie ter hand werd genomen. Het 3e stadium begon in 1925 toen de eerste grote expeditie werd gehouden om materiaal te verzamelen voor een onderzoek naar de genetische variatie van de aardappelsoorten. Thans is men gekomen in het 4e stadium, nl. een nauwere internationale samenwerking dan tot nu toe mogelijk was. Schrijver geeft een overzicht van de perspectieven voor het kweken op resistentie tegen Phytophthora, virusziekten, Heterodera, coloradokever en vorst. Het is gebleken dat bepaalde genen in bepaalde gebieden voorkomen (geographical localization). More... »

PAGES

257-270

Journal

TITLE

Euphytica

ISSUE

3

VOLUME

7

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00025267

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00025267

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018308512


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