Potential of gamma radiation enhancing the biosynthesis of tropane alkaloids in black henbane (Hyoscyamus niger L.) View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1989-02

AUTHORS

J. R. Sharma, R. K. Lal, H. O. Misra, M. M. Gupta, R. S. Ram

ABSTRACT

A productive yellow flowered mutant with high tropane alkaloid content was isolated in the M2 generation of gamma irradiated (Co60 at 40 kr) progenies ofHyoscyamus niger. Mutant progenies, on an average, were capable of synthetising more than twice crude alkaloid (0.147% to 0.221%) in M3 through M6 generations compared to the parental control (0.065 to 0.106%). In pilot scale trial (M7), two elite lines, Y-15 and Y-17 were found to contain 0.390% and 0.318% crude drug in contrast to 0.211% in an improved inbred used as control. However, owing to conducive plant morphology, Y-17 registered high yield of dry biomass, hence gave more than double yield of crude drug than the improved control (inbred) (23 kg/ha against 11 kg/ha). Also being superior in hyoscyamine and hyoscine yields, it was redesignated as var.Aela, and released for commercial cultivation in India, thus signifying the efficiency of radiation breeding for crop improvement. More... »

PAGES

253-258

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1955. The Alkaloids in MODERN METHODS OF PLANT ANALYSIS / MODERNE METHODEN DER PFLANZENANALYSE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00024520

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00024520

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