Analysis of an incomplete diallel cross among three ssp. tuberosum varieties and seven long-day adapted ssp. andigena clones of the ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1989-04

AUTHORS

M. Maris

ABSTRACT

The main aim of the experiment was to study the behaviour of seven long-day adapted clones of Solanum tuberosum ssp. andigena (A) and three varieties of S. tuberosum ssp. tuberosum (T) in an incomplete diallel cross. The four groups of crosses, TxT, TxA, AxT and AxA, held 2, 12, 20 and 21 populations, respectively. Eleven of the intersubspecific crosses were exact reciprocals. Thirty random clones per population were grown as second clonal generation in an incomplete block design with four replications in plots of two plants per clone in 1980, the parents included in many plots. Data were recorded on ten characters. The results showed that group TxA gave the highest tuber yield and AxT the second highest. The F-values indicated highly significant genotypic effects for all characters in all populations. The mean genotypic coefficients of variation (GCV), were the highest for group AxA for all characters. The ANOVA, based on population means showed significant mean squares for general combining abilities (GCA) and for differences of reciprocalls for all characters; the specific combining ability (SCA) mean squares were significant only for date of emergence, plant height and haulm type. Almost all GCA effects of the parents were significant positive or negative. Several populations showed also significant SCA effects. The correlations between the GCA effects and the parental values were of about the same magnitude as the heritabilities; those between the population means and the midparental values were slightly lower. Compared to the midparental values, most populations showed significant positive heterosis for date of emergence, haulm type, number of tubers and under water weight; all populations had significant negative heterosis for mean tuber weight and nearly all for plant height and general impression. All populations from groups TxT and AxA had significant negative heterosis for tuber yield and so had 13 out of the 20 populations from group AxT, while seven of the 12 from group TxA showed significant positive and four significant negative heterosis. The average heterosis for tuber yield of group TxT was −11%, of TxA 3.4%, of AxT−9% and of AxA−18%. The highest mean tuber yields were obtained from crosses with a very high yielding A-parent as female, while the heterosis was negative. Though significant differences between the 11 reciprocals occurred for all characters, consistent differences occurred only for tuber yield. Averaged over the 11 crosses the TxA populations outyielded their exact reciprocals by 10.7%. For the highest tuber yields in A-T crosses, therefore, the tuberosum cytoplasm seems to be preferable. By contrast for a high male fertility the andigena cytoplasm is preferable. More... »

PAGES

163-182

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1982-06. A possible heterotic threshold in the potato and its implications for breeding in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1982-12. Cytoplasmic evaluations during substitution backcrossing inSolanum in POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1983-07. Tuberosum x Tuberosum and Tuberosum x Andigena potato hybrids: comparisons of families and parents, and breeding strategies for Andigena potatoes in long-day temperate environments in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1984-07. Early generation selection for important agronomic characteristics in a potato breeding population in AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1981-12. Breeding behavior of yield components and hollow heart in tetraploid-diploid vs. conventionally derived potato hybrids in EUPHYTICA
  • 1975-09. Neo-Tuberosum: new potato breeding material. 2. A comparison of Neo-Tuberosum with unselected Andigena and with Tuberosum in POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1962-05. Specific and general combining ability for yield in potatoes in AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1982-03. Large yield differences between reciprocal families of Solanum tuberosum in EUPHYTICA
  • 1974-01. Genetic basis of heterosis for yield in the autotetraploid potato in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1969-12. Studies on maturity, yield, under water weight and some other characters of potato progenies in EUPHYTICA
  • 1980-09. Photoperiod response and earliness ofS. tuberosum ssp.andigena after six cycles of recurrent selection for adaptation to long days in AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1976-04. Heterosis for yield in hybrids betweenS. Tuberosum ssp.Tuberosum andtuberosum ssp.Andigena in AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1980-06. Yield and fertility of reciprocal-cross Tuberosum-Andigena hybrids in AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1986-06. The effect of seed tuber weight on characters in the first and the second clonal generation of potato populations in EUPHYTICA
  • 1985-07. Genotype X environment interactions in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1966-06. Selection for freedom from after cooking darkening in a potato breeding program in AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1969-03. The performance of progenies obtained by crossing Groups Andigena and Tuberosum of Solanum tuberosum in EUROPEAN POTATO JOURNAL
  • 1983-06. Estimation of genetic parameters for characters related to potato propagation by true seed (TPS) in an andigena population in AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1984-11. Genetic variance estimates in a heterogenous potato population propagated from true seed (TPS) in AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1975-06. Neo-Tuberosum: new potato breeding material. 1. The origin, composition, and development of the Tuberosum and Neo-Tuberosum gene pools in POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1974-01. A method for quantitative genetic analysis of early clonal generation seedlings of an asexual crop with special application to a breeding population of the potato (Solarium tuberosum L.) in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
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    32 schema:description The main aim of the experiment was to study the behaviour of seven long-day adapted clones of Solanum tuberosum ssp. andigena (A) and three varieties of S. tuberosum ssp. tuberosum (T) in an incomplete diallel cross. The four groups of crosses, TxT, TxA, AxT and AxA, held 2, 12, 20 and 21 populations, respectively. Eleven of the intersubspecific crosses were exact reciprocals. Thirty random clones per population were grown as second clonal generation in an incomplete block design with four replications in plots of two plants per clone in 1980, the parents included in many plots. Data were recorded on ten characters. The results showed that group TxA gave the highest tuber yield and AxT the second highest. The F-values indicated highly significant genotypic effects for all characters in all populations. The mean genotypic coefficients of variation (GCV), were the highest for group AxA for all characters. The ANOVA, based on population means showed significant mean squares for general combining abilities (GCA) and for differences of reciprocalls for all characters; the specific combining ability (SCA) mean squares were significant only for date of emergence, plant height and haulm type. Almost all GCA effects of the parents were significant positive or negative. Several populations showed also significant SCA effects. The correlations between the GCA effects and the parental values were of about the same magnitude as the heritabilities; those between the population means and the midparental values were slightly lower. Compared to the midparental values, most populations showed significant positive heterosis for date of emergence, haulm type, number of tubers and under water weight; all populations had significant negative heterosis for mean tuber weight and nearly all for plant height and general impression. All populations from groups TxT and AxA had significant negative heterosis for tuber yield and so had 13 out of the 20 populations from group AxT, while seven of the 12 from group TxA showed significant positive and four significant negative heterosis. The average heterosis for tuber yield of group TxT was −11%, of TxA 3.4%, of AxT−9% and of AxA−18%. The highest mean tuber yields were obtained from crosses with a very high yielding A-parent as female, while the heterosis was negative. Though significant differences between the 11 reciprocals occurred for all characters, consistent differences occurred only for tuber yield. Averaged over the 11 crosses the TxA populations outyielded their exact reciprocals by 10.7%. For the highest tuber yields in A-T crosses, therefore, the tuberosum cytoplasm seems to be preferable. By contrast for a high male fertility the andigena cytoplasm is preferable.
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    39 schema:name Analysis of an incomplete diallel cross among three ssp. tuberosum varieties and seven long-day adapted ssp. andigena clones of the potato (Solanum tuberosum L.)
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