The C3 plant Flaveria pringlei contains a plastidic NADP-malic enzyme which is orthologous to the C4 isoform of the C4 ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1994-12

AUTHORS

Bärbel Lipka, Klaus Steinmüller, Elke Rosche, Dagmar Börsch, Peter Westhoff

ABSTRACT

To study the molecular evolution of NADP-dependent malic enzyme (NADP-ME) in the genus Flaveria a leaf-specific cDNA library of the C3 plant F. pringlei was screened for the presence of sequences homologous to the C4 isoform gene (named modA) of the C4 plant F. trinervia. The cDNAs isolated contained varying numbers of identical restriction fragments suggesting that they were derived from a single gene. This was supported by Southern hybridisation experiments with genomic DNA from F. trinervia and F. pringlei. Nucleotide sequence analysis of a full-size clone identified the presence of a typical plastidic transit peptide and revealed that the mature modA proteins of F. trinervia (C4) and F. pringlei (C3) are 90% similar. These findings indicate that C3 plants, like C4 species, possess a plastidic isoform of NADP-ME and that the modA genes of the two species represent orthologous genes. Northern analyses showed that modA transcripts accumulate to similar levels in leaves, stems and roots of F. pringlei. The expression of this gene in F. pringlei thus appears to be rather constitutive. In contrast, the modA gene of F. trinervia is abundantly expressed in leaves, but maintains its expression in stems and roots. It has to be concluded from these data that the leaf-specific increase in the expression level was a key step which was taken during the evolution of the C4 isoform modA gene starting from a C3 ancestral gene. More... »

PAGES

1775-1783

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1990-09. Extensive sequence similarity of the bean CAD4 (cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase) to a maize malic enzyme in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1976. Compartmentation and Transport in C4 Photosynthesis in TRANSPORT IN PLANTS III
  • 1994-10. Primary structure of the photosynthetic pyruvate orthophosphate dikinase of the C3 plant Flaveria pringlei and expression analysis of pyruvate orthophosphate dikinase sequences in C3, C3–C4 and C4Flaveria species in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1991-09. Isolation and characterization of cDNA clones for NADP-malic enzyme from leaves ofFlaveria: transcript abundance distinguishes C3, C3–C4 and C4 photosynthetic types in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1990-01. Redesign of the coenzyme specificity of a dehydrogenase by protein engineering in NATURE
  • 1991-10. Intracellular location of NADP+-linked malic enzyme in C3 plants in PLANTA
  • 1974-12. Biochemical and cytological relationships in C4 plants in PLANTA
  • 1990-12. Analysis of expression and evolutionary relationships of phosphoenol-pyruvate carboxylase genes in Flaveria trinervia (C4) and F. pringlei (C3) in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1991-06. Differential accumulation of plastid transcripts encoding photosystem II components in the mesophyll and bundle-sheath cells of monocotyledonous NADP-malic enzyme-type C4 plants in PLANTA
  • 1994-05. Evolution of the C4 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase promoter of the C4 dicot Flaveria trinervia: an expression analysis in the C3 plant tobacco in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00019491

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00019491

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032503717

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7858216


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