The effect of group size on space use and aggression at a concentrated food source in blue gouramis, Trichogaster trichopterus ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1996-07

AUTHORS

S. Syarifuddin, Donald L. Kramer

ABSTRACT

We examined how spatial distribution and the use of aggressive behavior by blue gouramis, Trichogaster trichopterus (Belontiidae), in the presence of a concentrated food source were affected by group size and by the short-term presence and absence of food. Gouramis aggregated in the area of the food source, and the frequency of aggressive acts per fish was higher for fish near the food source than for fish away from it. The frequency of aggressive acts per fish near the food source decreased with group size and was about 50 times higher in groups of 2 and 4 than it was in groups of 16 and 32. In group sizes 2 and 4, the frequency of aggression was unaffected by the presence and absence of food, but in larger group sizes aggression increased during short intervals without food. The mean proportion of time spent near the food source increased from group size 2 to group size 8 and decreased from group size 8 to group size 32 and was greater during intervals of food availability than during intervals in which food was not available. We suggest that gouramis adjust their relative use of contest and scramble competition according to the costs and benefits of aggression as determined by the number of competitors and by the potential for missed feeding opportunities. The average proportion of time spent in the vicinity of the food source appears to be influenced by both the rate of aggression and by the net rate of gain available. More... »

PAGES

289-296

Journal

TITLE

Environmental Biology of Fishes

ISSUE

3

VOLUME

46

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00005005

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00005005

DIMENSIONS

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