Spatial Analysis of the Air Pollutant Index in the Southern Region of Peninsular Malaysia Using Environmetric Techniques View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2014

AUTHORS

Azman Azid , Hafizan Juahir , Ahmad Zaharin Aris , Mohd Ekhwan Toriman , Mohd Talib Latif , Sharifuddin Mohd Zain , Ku Mohd Kalkausar Ku Yusof , Ahmad Shakir Mohd Saudi

ABSTRACT

Air pollution is becoming a major environmental issue in the southern region of Peninsular Malaysia. Environmetric techniques (HACA, DA, and PCA/FA) were used to evaluate the spatial variations in the southern region of Peninsular Malaysia, followed by API prediction comparison using ANN and MLR models. The datasets of air pollutant parameters for 3 years (2005–2007) were applied in this study. HACA clustered three different groups of similarity based on the characteristics of air quality parameters. DA shows all seven parameters (CO, O3, PM10, SO2, NOx, NO, and NO2) gave the most significant variables after stepwise backward mode. PCA/FA identify that the major source of air pollution is due to combustion of fossil fuels in motor vehicles and industrial activities. The ANN model shows a better prediction compared to the MLR model with R2 values equal to 0.819 and 0.773 respectively. This study concluded that the environmetric techniques and modelling become an excellent tool in API assessment, air pollution source identification, apportionment, and interpretation of complex dataset with a view to get better information about the air quality, and can be setbacks in designing an API monitoring network for effective air pollution resources management. More... »

PAGES

307-312

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-981-4560-70-2_56

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-981-4560-70-2_56

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053710107


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145 schema:name Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Malaya, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
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147 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11142.37 schema:alternateName Universiti Putra Malaysia
148 schema:name Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
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150 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412113.4 schema:alternateName National University of Malaysia
151 schema:name School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
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154 schema:name Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research and Innovation) Office, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Gong Badak Campus, 21300 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
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